The thyroid gets its name from the Greek word for “shield”, after the shape of the related thyroid cartilage. The most common problems of the thyroid gland consist of an overactive thyroid gland, referred to as hyperthyroidism, and an underactive thyroid gland, referred to as hypothyroidism.
The thyroid gland is located on the front part of the neck below the thyroid cartilage (Adam’s apple). The gland produces thyroid hormones, which regulate body metabolism. Thyroid hormones are important in regulating body energy, the body’s use of other hormones and vitamins, and the growth and maturation of body tissues.
Symptoms of Thyroid
Symptoms of thyroid problems depends on the age of the person and the exact problem with the thyroid. For example, some symptoms of hypothyroidism in children include:
- Symptoms similar to adult symptoms
- Excessive fatigue
- Poor growth
- Poor school performance
Symptoms of hypothyroidism in adults include:
- Easy fatigue, exhaustion
- Poor tolerance to cold temperatures
- Carpal tunnel syndrome (pain at the wrists and numbness of the hands)
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in adults include:
- Hand tremors
Losing weight can be a particular challenge for thyroid patients. And for some people, difficulty losing weight — or unexplained weight gain — may be the first sign that lets them know they even have a thyroid condition in the first place. Are you a thyroid patient struggling to lose weight? Or do you suspect a thyroid condition may be sabotaging your diet efforts? The Thyroid Diet and Weight Loss Information Center has articles, resources and tools to help you.