The Republic Day of India commemorates the date on which the Constitution of India came into force replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India on 26 January 1950.
The 26th January was chosen to honor the memory of the declaration of independence of 1930. It is one of the three national holidays in India.
Although India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947, it did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead, its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935, and the country was a Dominion, with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as Governor General. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with B R Ambedkar as chairman. While India’s Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution.
This was the day when our rights and duties were brought to a concrete form. It holds a lot of value in every Indian’s heart and mind. The patriotic fervor of the people on this day brings the whole country together even in her essential diversity. Every part of the country is represented in occasion, which makes the Republic Day the most popular of all the national holidays of India.
To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace), along the Rajpath, past India Gate . Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the country in the freedom movement and the succeeding wars for the defence of sovereignty of their country . Thereafter he reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion. First he unfurls the National flag, as the National Anthem is played, and a 21-gun salute is given. Next, important awards like the Ashok Chakra and Kirti Chakra are given away by the President, before the regiments of Armed Forces start their march past.
The parade is followed by a pageant of spectacular displays from the different states of the country. These moving exhibits depict scenes of activities of people in those states and the music and songs of that particular state accompany each display. Each display brings out the diversity and richness of the culture of India and the whole show lends a festive air to the occasion. The parade and the ensuing pageantry is telecast by the National Television and is watched by millions of viewers in every corner of the country.
Celebrations are also held in state capitals, where the Governor of the state unfurls the national flag. If the Governor of the state is unwell, or is unavailable for some reason, the Chief Minister of the state assumes the honor of unfurling the National Flag of India.
In this day India became a totally republican unit. The country finally realized the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the numerous freedom fighters who, fought for and sacrificed their lives for the Independence of their country. So, the 26th of January was decreed a national holiday and has been recognized and celebrated as the Republic Day of India, ever since.
Republic day parade in New Delhi begins from the Raisina Hills near Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace) through Rajpath, past India Gate and concludes in Red Fort. It includes vibrant parades, floats and ends with fly past from the Airforce Jets. The official conclusion of the festivities occur on Jan 29 following the beating the retreat
India became independent from the British Rule on August 15 1947. However, the constitution of India came into effect on January 26 1950, when the President became the head of the country. During 1947-1950 King George the VI was the head of the country. C. Rajagopalachari served as the Governor General during this time. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first elected president of India.
26 January is celebrated as the Republic Day in India. The highlight of the day is the Republic day parade in New Delhi. It begins from the Raisina Hills near Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace) through Rajpath, past India Gate and concludes in Red Fort. It includes vibrant parades, floats and ends with fly past from the Airforce Jets. The official conclusion of the festivities occur on Jan 29 following the beating the retreat. This beautiful ceremony takes place in New Delhi on Raisina Hills flanked by the North and the South block of the Indian Parliament. It begins in the late afternoon and ends with the flags being brought down. The concluding song the band marches to is “Sare Jahan Se Accha” and ends with a spectacular illumination display of the North and the South Block.