Performing of evening & morning Pray to Sun around the holy River in Mithila region of Nepal
Bihari Indians and Madheshi Nepalese
Colors related to Hinduism Saffron (or Bhagwa)
Cultural, Historical, Religious
To thank Sun for bestowing the bounties of life on earth and fulfilling particular wishes
October 24 to October 27
Chhath Puja 2017 Dates
Chhath puja is on 26th & 27th of October 2017. The four day festival will start on 24th of October and end on 27th of October. It is also celebrated in the summer (March–April), on Chaitra Shashthi, some days after Holi; this event is called Chaiti Chhath. The former is more popular because winter is the usual festive season in Nepal and also in Bihar of North India. Chhath is an arduous observance, requiring the worshipers to fast without water for around 36 hours continuously.
It is believed that the ritual of Chhath puja may even predate the ancient Vedas texts, as the Rigveda
contains hymns worshiping the Sun god and describes similar rituals. The rituals also find reference in
the Sanskrit epic poem Mahābhārata in which Draupadi is depicted as observing similar rites.
In the poem, Draupadi and the Pandavas, rulers of Indraprastha (modern Delhi), performed the Chhath
ritual on the advice of noble sage Dhaumya. Through her worship of the Sun God, Draupadi was not
only able to solve her immediate problems, but also helped the Pandavas later regain their lost
Its yogic / scientific history dates back to the Vedic times. The rishis of yore used this method to remain
without any external intake of food as they were able to obtain energy directly from the sun’s rays. This
was done through the Chhath method.
Another history behind celebrating the Chhath puja is the story of Lord Rama. It is considered that
Lord Rama of Ayodhya and Sita of Mithila had kept fast and offer puja to the Lord Sun in the month
of Kartika in Shukla Paksh during their coronation after returning to the Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.
From that time, chhath puja became the significant and traditional festival in the Hindu religion and
started celebrating every year at the same date in Sita’s homeland janakpur and adjoining Indian states
The Goddess who is worshipped during the famous Chhath Puja is known as Chhathi Maiya. Chhathi
Maiya is known as Usha in the Vedas. She is believed to be the beloved younger wife of Surya, the Sun
God. In mithilanchal region she is also worshiped as name of “RANA MAI “.
This is the only parva which signifies rising sun as well as setting sun both.
(छठ पूजा एक ऐसा श्रेष्ठतम पर्व हैं जहाँ डूबते हुए सूर्य से प्रार्थना करते हुए व्रत का प्रारंभ होता है एवं सूर्योदय कि पूजा के
पश्चात व्रत सम्पूर्ण होता हैं “जैसे कि जीवन के संचालन के लिए रात्रि का उतना ही महत्व है जितना दिन का”).