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Hawa Mahal (Hindi: हवा महल, translation: “Palace of Winds” or “Palace of the Breeze”), is a palace in Jaipur, India. It was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, and designed by Lal Chand Usta in the form of the crown of Krishna, the Hindu god. Its unique five-storey exterior is also akin to the honeycomb of the beehive with its 953 small windows called jharokhas that are decorated with intricate latticework. The original intention of the lattice was to allow royal ladies to observe everyday life in the street below without being seen, since they had to observe strict “purdah” (face cover).
Built of red and pink sandstone, the palace is situated on the main thoroughfare in the heart of Jaipur’s business centre. It forms part of the City Palace, and extends to the Zenana or women’s chambers, the chambers of the harem. It is particularly striking when viewed early in the morning, lit with the golden light of sunrise.
HistoryView of Hawa Mahal in 1875
Maharaja Sawai Jai singh, the ruler of Rajasthan of the Kachwaha clan, was the original planner and builder who built the Jaipur city in 1727. However, it was his grandson Sawai ujjawal Singh, son of Maharaja Sawai Madhosingh I, who built the Hawa Mahal in 1799 as a continuation of the Royal City Palace. Pratap Singh’s deep devotion to the Hindu god Lord Krishna is inferred to have prompted him to build it as a dedication, in the form of a Mukuta or headgear, adorning the Lord. Though no historical record is available to its exact history, it is conjectured that Royal family ladies, who were under strict observance of purdah (the practice of preventing women from being seen by men), had to be given opportunity to witness proceedings in the market centre and watch the royal processions and festivities sitting behind the stone carved screens. Hawa Mahal did just that in style, amidst its luxurious comforts and behind strict screened exclusivity, unseen by outsiders.
Royal family of Jaipur, during their reign, also used the palace as a hot weather retreat, during the suffocating summer season of Jaipur, for several years, since the unusually designed window screens provided the much needed cool breeze and ventilation.
Views of Hawa Mahal façade the rear side The complete view of facade from the main road Full rear view of the Hawa Mahal
The palace is a five-story pyramidal shaped monument that rises to a height of 50 feet (15 m) from its high base. The top three floors of the structure have a dimension of one room width while the first and second floors have patios in front of them, on the rear side of the structure. The front elevation, as seen from the street, is like a honeycomb web of a beehive built with small portholes. Each porthole has miniature windows and has carved sandstone grills, finials and domes. It is a veritable mass of semi-octagonal bays, which gives the monument its unique façade. The inner face on the back side of the building consists of need-based chambers built with pillars and corridors with least ornamentation, and reach up to the top floor. The interior of the Mahal has been described as “having rooms of different coloured marbles, relieved by inlaid panels or gilding; while fountains adorn the centre of the courtyard”.Walls
Lal Chand Usta was the architect of this unique structure who also planned Jaipur city, considered then as one of the best-planned cities in India. Built in red and pink coloured sand stone, in keeping with the décor of the other monuments in the city, its colour is a full testimony to the epithet of “Pink City” given to Jaipur. Its façade depicts 953 niches with intricately carved Jharokhas (some are made of wood) is a stark contrast to the plain looking rear side of the structure. Its cultural and architectural heritage is a true reflection of a fusion of Hindu Rajput architecture and the Islamic Mughal architecture; the Rajput style is seen in the form of domed canopies, fluted pillars, lotus and floral patterns, and the Islamic style is evident in its stone inlay filigree work and arches (as distinguished from its similarity with the Panch Mahal – the palace of winds – at Fatehpur Sikri).
The entry to the Hawa Mahal from the city palace side is through an imperial door. It opens into a large courtyard, which has double storeyed buildings on three sides, with the Hawa Mahal enclosing it on the east side. An archaeological museum is also housed in this courtyard.
Hawa Mahal was also known as the chef-d’œuvre of Maharaja Jai Singh as it was his favourite resort because of the elegance and built-in interior of the Mahal. The cooling effect in the chambers, provided by the breeze passing through the small windows of the façade, was enhanced by the fountains provided at the centre of each of the chambers.
The panoramic view from the roof of the Mahal is stunning. The bazaar (the Seredeori Bazaar or market) on the east resembles avenues of Paris. Green valleys and mountains and the Amer Fort form the scenario to the west and north. The Thar desert’s “interminable line of undulating vapour” lies to the east and south. All this transformation of the landscape, from a stark and desolate land of the past, occurred because of the concerted efforts of the Maharajas of Jaipur. So much so that the Mahal has been stated to be a counterpart of Versailles.Views of the Jantar Mantar and the City Palace can also be witnessed from the top floor of the monument.
The top two floors of the Hawa Mahal are accessed only through ramps. The Mahal is maintained by the archaeological department of the Government of Rajasthan.
(source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawa_Mahal)Hawa Mahal (Hindi: हवा महल, translation: “Palace of Winds” or “Palace of the Breeze”), is a palace in Jaipur, India. It was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, and designed by Lal Chand Usta in the form of the crown of Krishna, the Hindu god. Its unique five-storey exterior is also akin to ...
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Acidity can be a result of defective digestion or stress. It is the accumulation of liquid inside the cavity. It is a common problem. It may be associated with over eating, constipation, menstruation, food allergy or certain disease. Acidity increases burning sensation and results in sour sensation.
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(contributed by : user nrajagopal )Acidity can be a result of defective digestion or stress. It is the accumulation of liquid inside the cavity. It is a common problem. It may be associated with over eating, constipation, menstruation, food allergy or certain disease. Acidity increases burning sensation and results in sour sensation. Drinking hot water after meals helps in easy digestion, ...
- Today, Mr E Sreedharan is a well-known personality not only in India but also in the world. The way he executed the Delhi Metro Rail project, is a matter of wonder in engineering as well as the management field. He is a simple man with deep spiritual roots and lives a value-based life. This is a great message to those who believe that in present times crookedness is necessary for success. I think that more important than this physical contribution to India, is his contribution towards changing the mindset of our people. I hereby narrate my first interaction with him.This happened in November 2001 at Centre for Inner Resources Development (CIRD) in Vasundhara colony of Ghaziabad. CIRD is the name of my spiritual master’s ashram, which was established just a year back. His name is Swami Bhoomananda Tirth and his main base is in Kerala at Trichur, under the name of ‘Narayana Tapovanam’. In November 2001, Swamiji had organised a two-day programme for senior management executives on the subject ‘Beyond Excellence’. I was one of the participants in this programme. There I found that Mr E Sreedharan was also a participant and that he too was Swamiji’s disciple. Naturally, this gave me a sense of joy as well as elation, as I had great regards for him on account of his contribution to the Indian Railways.At lunch, on the first day itself, we happened to be together at the dining table. After a brief introduction of my background during the meet, I posed a question to Mr Sreedharan about the secret of his success and I also put a condition that I would be happy if the answer could be in one line. To this, his response was even more interesting. He asked why I wanted a one-line answer as he could give the same in one word. This raised my curiosity even further, and I was keen to know that single word. Then very gently and with great sobriety he said, the secret behind every success is the ‘integrity’ of the leader and his people. This was enough for me and I needed no further explanation.Now it was my turn to contemplate over this magical word called ‘integrity’. All of us know this word and mostly give the certificate of integrity to our subordinates and expect the same from our superiors also. But are we really integrated in the true sense? I realised that ‘integrity’ is not a word; it is a textbook, which has to be read, understood and lived all through our life. A state of total integrity is perhaps our imagination, and we can only try to achieve it to the maximum extent. But if we do so, we have done our duty towards ourselves and the society. This contemplation also took me to the ‘Bhagwad Gita’ in which the first three verses of chapter sixteen give twenty-six virtues of a perfect man. Normally, one feels that being honest only makes us perfect. But the reality is far away. One has to cultivate several good qualities in order to be successful in this world. If one doesn’t, he has to face failure and in that situation, he attributes its causes to his existing good qualities instead of the missing good qualities. That is why the belief that crookedness is necessary for success prevails. The fact is that even those who have such beliefs are worried about the loss of values in the society.I believe that this one word of Mr E Sreedharan needs a lot of debate, discussion and clarification. Integrity is essential not only for mundane success but for spiritual success too. Any compromise with it is a self-defeating proposition and eventually all will become victims of the same. The sooner we realise it, the sooner shall we be able to achieve our true potential, both in the outer as well as the inner fields. Truly, the secret of success everywhere is ‘integrity’.[Source: Bhupendra Jesrani 05-01-2013]Today, Mr E Sreedharan is a well-known personality not only in India but also in the world. The way he executed the Delhi Metro Rail project, is a matter of wonder in engineering as well as the management field. He is a simple man with deep spiritual roots and lives a value-based life. This is ...