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Punjabi culture is one of the most talked about culture which reflects the color and happiness in one. read about various aspects of punjabi culture.
The geographical entity in the north-western region of India called Punjab, the land of five rivers, has been and still is an integral part of the common pool of Indian culture. Its arts and crafts also form an important part of the deep-rooted artistic tradition of India and are equally rich and significant.
The culture of Punjab prior to the partition of 1947 was a mixture of three strains one flowing frorn Kangra hills, the second from south-western area from Multan to Lahore, and the third from Peshawar w Lahore. Patiala and contiguous areas were not active culturally. The three aforesaid areas contributed to the culture of the five river land. Lyallpur, Jhang, Montegomary, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Lahore were Muslim dominated areas. Religion naturally left its impress an culture. Its influence can be seen on almost all arts and crafts, specially glazed pottery and woodcarving. The artisans of Chiniot near Lyallpu were famous for their skill in these crafts.
Hindus and Muslims of this area dressed themselves in the same manner. The art, culture and costumes of this zone present a sharp contrast to those of the north-eastern areas of the Punjab. People in the north-western frontier zone wore Salwar (bottomwearl aod turban with a Kullah, Loose turbans, a long Kurta (Shirt) and a loose lungi (tahrnet or tamba) were in vogue in Multan, Jhang, Lahore and Amritsar.
(continued at : http://www.punjabonline.com/servlet/library.culture?P=28 )
- In the fairy tale, Sleeping Beauty is a princess sent into a 100-year slumber by an evil witch. A kiss from a handsome prince breaks the spell, and they live happily ever after.The present-day “Sleeping Beauty,” as the media calls her, is a 17-year-old woman in Worthing, England, named Louisa Ball. Instead of the fairy tale’s poisoned splinter, her curse began with flu-like symptoms two years ago.
“Bad cold, temperature … and from then on that’s when I started to sleep,” she said. She wouldn’t stop for 10 to 14 days. Her parents would rouse her for bathroom breaks and ravenous feedings.
“She’d go through a whole packet of biscuits, or … five or six packets of crisps — anything that she could get her hands on,” said her father, Rick Ball. “It was a case of almost like a hamster hibernating, and the food would get stuffed in. And you’d have to step in and say, ‘Whoa, that’s enough.'”
Her mother, Lottie Ball, added, “I asked to see a dietician … because I was concerned when Louisa was in an episode that, you know, she is missing out on all the goodness.” The advice she got was to give Louisa smoothies, which gave her food and fluid at the same time.
Even so, Louisa would lose as much as 10 pounds during a sleep episode. Even odder than her eating habits was her behavior, which featured offensive, almost primal, mood swings.
“They’re horrible. They’re scary, it’s like a different child,” said Lottie Ball.
The parents knew a sleep episode was coming when their otherwise sweet-natured daughter would snap at others inappropriately. “When she’s up and she’s confrontational, those were the scarier moments,” Rick Ball said.The year before college, Louisa slept for a solid week every month. She missed weeks of school and fell behind in her beloved dance classes.”I missed my end-of-school exams, obviously, because I was in an episode,” she said. “I’ve missed, like, family holidays, birthdays and parties.”
The doctors were as baffled as Louisa’s parents.
“To see all the various medical professionals and not get any answers … it was pretty frustrating,” said Rick Ball. “Everything goes through your mind, and you wonder whether or not she has taken a drug.”
Then came a breakthrough, courtesy of a consultant in London to whom the family was referred.
“I always refer to it as the ‘Champagne and hangover’ moment,” said Rick Ball, “because we went in there and the good news was, ‘I think I know what’s wrong with your daughter.’ And the bad news was, ‘There’s no cure.'”
Louisa was diagnosed with Kleine-Levi n Syndrome, an incurable autoimmune disorder that some researchers say disrupts the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that regulates appetite, sleep and libido.
KLS more often afflicts males, usually beginning with a virus during adolescence that seems to trigger the sleep and aggressiveness, along with hyper sexuality.
Mood stabilizers like lithium and hormone therapies help those with KLS around the edges, but they don’t ward off the extreme sleep.
“[When I wake up] I’m always confused as to what day it is, because I don’t know how long I’ve slept for,” Louisa said. “And then when I realize, I’m like, ‘Wow, that’s a long time!'”
How does she feel when she wakes up?
“Refreshed,” she said.
Her sleep episodes have become less frequent. She recently went five months without one. According to experts, KLS sufferers can grow out of it after 10 to 12 years.
As Louisa’s story grew in the media, headlines called her “Sleeping Beauty,” and KLS is known as Sleeping Beauty syndrome.
If someone cast a spell on Louisa, there must be a handsome prince coming in some form. Romantically speaking, she said there was no prince in her life, at the moment.
The prince could take the form of a cure, and Louisa’s family contributes to the KSL Foundation in California to help speed his arrival.
In either case, Lottie Ball said, “We’re waiting for the handsome prince.”(source : http://interesting-amazing-facts.blogspot.in/search/label/strange%20facts?updated-max=2012-06-14T00:01:00-07:00&max-results=20&start=20&by-date=false)In the fairy tale, Sleeping Beauty is a princess sent into a 100-year slumber by an evil witch. A kiss from a handsome prince breaks the spell, and they live happily ever after.The present-day “Sleeping Beauty,” as the media calls her, is a 17-year-old woman in Worthing, England, named Louisa Ball. Instead of the fairy ...
Second Life Of Plastic Bottles..
(source : http://www.worldsamazings.com/2009/10/amazing-plastic-bottles-art.html)Second Life Of Plastic Bottles.. (source : http://www.worldsamazings.com/2009/10/amazing-plastic-bottles-art.html)
- Manmohan doesn’t speak.Yeddyurappa doesn’t listen.Mayawati doesn’t care.Sibal doesn’t shut up.
Sonia does not show up!Anna doesn’t give up.
And now, Kalmadi doesn’t remember…??????(contributed by: Mohan Rao on 02.09.2011)Manmohan doesn’t speak. Yeddyurappa doesn’t listen. Mayawati doesn’t care. Sibal doesn’t shut up. Sonia does not show up! Anna doesn’t give up. And now, Kalmadi doesn’t remember…?????? (contributed by: Mohan Rao on 02.09.2011)
Raksha Bandhan (Hindi: रक्षाबंधन, Punjabi: ਰਕਸ਼ਾਬੰਧਨ, Urdu: رکشا بندھن the bond of protection), or Rakhi (Hindi: राखी, Punjabi: ਰਾਖੀ, Urdu: راکھی), is a festival primarily observed in India, which celebrates the relationship between brothers and sisters. The festival is observed by Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims. The central ceremony involves the tying of a rakhi (sacred thread) by a sister on her brother’s wrist. This symbolizes the sister’s love and prayers for her brother’s well-being, and the brother’s lifelong vow to protect her. The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Poornima) of the Shravan month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. It grew in popularity after Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of Chittor, sent a rakhi to the Mughal emperor Humayun when she required his help.
The festival is marked by the tying of a rakhi, or holy thread, by the sister on the wrist of her brother. The brother in return offers a gift to his sister and vows to look after her as she presents sweets to her brother. The brother and sister traditionally feed one another sweets. Since North Indian kinship practices give cousins a status similar to siblings, girls and women often tie the rakhi to their male cousins as well (referred to as cousin-brothers in regional parlance) in several communities. Unrelated boys and men who are considered to be brothers (munh-bola bhai or adopted brothers) can also be tied rakhis, provided they commit to a lifelong obligation to provide protection to the woman or girl.
Historical occurrences and mentions
The tale of the deity Santoshi Mata, and the narrative of her creation on Raksha Bandhan day, was popularized in the 1975 Bollywood blockbuster Jai Santoshi Maa. Ganesh had two sons, Shubh and Labh. On Raksha Bandhan, Ganesh’s sister visited and tied a rakhi on Ganesh’s wrist. Feeling deprived, the sons immediately began pressing Ganesh and his two wives, Riddhi and Siddhi, for a sister. Finally, Ganesh conceded the demand and Santoshi Ma (literally the Mother Goddess of Satisfaction) was created by divine flames that emerged from Riddhi and Siddhi.
Krishna and Draupadi
Another incident is from the epic Mahabharat and concerns Krishna and Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas. She had once torn a strip of silk off her sari and tied it around Krishna’s wrist to staunch the bleeding from a battlefield wound. Krishna was touched by her action and declared her to be his sister, even though they were unrelated. He promised to repay the debt and then spent the next 25 years doing just that. Draupadi, in spite of being married to 5 great warriors and being a daughter of a powerful monarch, trusted and depended wholly on Krishna. Krishna repaid the debt of love during the “Cheer-Haran” (literally “clothing-robbing”) of Draupadi, which occurred in the assembly of King Dhritarashtra when Yudhisthira lost her to the Kauravas in gambling. At that time, Krishna indefinitely extended her saree through divine intervention, so it could not be removed, to save her honor. This is how he honored his rakhi-vow towards Draupadi.
King Bali and Goddess Laxmi
According to a legend the Demon King Bali was a great devotee of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu had taken up the task to guard his kingdom leaving his own abode in Vaikunth. Goddess Lakshmi wished to be with her lord back in her abode. She went to Bali disguised as a woman to seek refuge till her husband came back.
During the Shravan Purnima celebrations, Lakshmi tied the sacred thread to the King. Upon being asked, she revealed who she was and why she was there. The king was touched by her goodwill for his family and her purpose and requested the Lord to accompany her. He sacrificed all he had for the Lord and his devoted wife.
Thus the festival is also called Baleva that is Bali Raja’s devotion to the Lord. It is said that since then it has been a tradition to invite sisters in Shravan Purnima for the thread tying ceremony or the Raksha Bandhan.
Yama and the Yamuna
According to another legend, Raksha Bandhan was a ritual followed by Lord Yama (the Lord of Death) and his sister Yamuna, (the river in northern India). Yamuna tied rakhi to Yama and bestowed immortality. Yama was so moved by the serenity of the occasion that he declared that whoever gets a rakhi tied from his sister and promised her protection, will become immortal.
Alexander the Great and King Puru
According to one legendary narrative, when Alexander the Great invaded India in 326 BC, Roxana (or Roshanak, his wife) sent a sacred thread to Porus, asking him not to harm her husband in battle. In accordance with tradition, Porus a Katoch king gave full respect to the rakhi. On the battlefield, when Porus was about to deliver a final blow to Alexander, he saw the rakhi on his own wrist and restrained himself from attacking Alexander personally.
Rani Karnavati and Emperor Humayun
A popular narrative that is centered around Rakhi is that of Rani Karnavati of Chittor and Mughal Emperor Humayun, which dates to 1535 CE. When Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of the king of Chittor, realised that she could not defend against the invasion by the Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah, she sent a Rakhi to Emperor Humayun. Touched, the Emperor immediately set off with his troops to defend Chittor. Humayun arrived too late, and Bahadur Shah managed to sack the Rani’s fortress. Karnavati, along with a reported 13,000 other women in the fortress, carried out Jauhar on March 8, 1535, killing themselves to avoid dishonor while the men threw the gates open and rode out on a suicidal charge against Bahadur Shah’s troops. When he reached Chittor, Humayun evicted Bahadur Shah from fort and restored the kingdom to Karnavati’s son, Vikramjit Singh. Although contemporary commentators and memoirs do not mention the Rakhi episode and some historians have expressed skepticism about it, it is mentioned in one mid-seventeenth century Rajasthani account.
(source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raksha_Bandhan)Raksha Bandhan (Hindi: रक्षाबंधन, Punjabi: ਰਕਸ਼ਾਬੰਧਨ, Urdu: رکشا بندھن the bond of protection), or Rakhi (Hindi: राखी, Punjabi: ਰਾਖੀ, Urdu: راکھی), is a festival primarily observed in India, which celebrates the relationship between brothers and sisters. The festival is observed by Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims. The central ceremony involves the tying of a rakhi (sacred ...