Enjoy light reading

 

 

  • Relationship between all Shiva Temples

     

     “Relationship between all Shiva Temple”

    Very interesting –  Can you guess what is common between all these prominent temples.

    1. Kedarnath
    2. Kalahashti
    3. Ekambaranatha- Kanchi
    4. Thiruvanamalai
    5. Thiruvanaikaval
    6. Chidambaram Nataraja
    7. Rameshwaram
    8. Kaleshwaram N-India

    If your answer is they all are Shiva temples,  you are only partially correct.

    It is actually the longitude in which these temples are located.

    They all are located in 79° longitude.
    What is surprising and awesome is that how the architects of these temples many hundreds

    of kilometers apart came up with these precise locations without GPS or any such gizmo like that.
    Wow..

    1. Kedarnath 79.0669°
    2. Kalahashti 79.7037°
    3. Ekambaranatha- Kanchi 79.7036°
    4. Thiruvanamalai 79.0747°
    5. Thiruvanaikaval 78.7108
    6. Chidambaram Nataraja 79.6954°
    7. Rameshwaram 79.3129°
    8. Kaleshwaram N-India 79.9067°

    See the picture — all are in a straight line.

    (source: user kapilbamba on 09.02.2017)

     

  • The 5 Worst Foods to Eat Before Bed

    5. Ice Cream, Cookies, Cake … Anything With Lots of Sugar (Including Breakfast Cereal)

    If you’ve got a sweet tooth, resist the urge to splurge right before bed. The extra sugar will cause a spike in your blood sugar, making your energy levels jump and then plummet.[i] This wacky energy rollercoaster is the last thing you need to help you fall asleep.

    4. Spicy Foods

    Bedtime is not the time to break out your favorite hot sauce … spicy foods can interfere with your sleep. One reason for this is indigestion, but there’s more to it than that. They may also raise your body temperature, which can lead to poor sleep quality. Research shows, too, that when men ate Tabasco sauce and mustard right before bed, they spent more time awake during the night and took longer to fall asleep.[ii]

    3. Steak

    A big juicy steak right before bed might sound tempting, but red meat takes a long time to digest. This means that when you should be sleeping, your body will have to be hard at work digesting this fatty, protein-laden meal. Not exactly a recipe for restful slumber …

    2. Dark Chocolates

    Ordinarily, dark chocolate is one of the best desserts to try, as it’s got the highest level of antioxidants of all types of chocolate. However, it’s also got the most caffeine, and if you eat it right before bed, well, you might as well just drink a cup of strong coffee along with it.

    1. Citrus Fruits

    Because citrus fruits are so acidic, they’re notorious for causing indigestion and heartburn – especially if you eat them and then go and lie down. Save your grapefruits and oranges for earlier in the day, and if you want fruit before bed, opt for cherries or a banana

     

    (source: http://www.losethebackpain.com/blog/2012/08/15/worst-foods-to-eat-before-bed/)

  • United States – Nevada

    nevada5

    nevada

    Luxury of Light

    nevada1

    Planet H in Las Vegas

    nevada2

    Shopping Mall Caesar’s Palace

    nevada3

    The world’s largest Nugget

    nevada4

    Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino

    [Contributed by: TUNA on 03/03/2013]

  • Brass Band.

     

    This has to be the strangest and most unique brass band you’ll ever see. Prepare to be amazed that they not only can perform this act, but that they even thought of it. Check the center guy’s expression – priceless!


                         http://www.wimp.com/brassband

     

     

     

  • A Jet landing on Stool.

     

     A Jet landing on Stool

     

  • Mariyamman Temple

    mariyamman_the_kerala_temples_image

    ariyamman is one of the famous goddess worshipped mainly in south india. ‘Amman’ in tamil means ‘Mother’, “Mari” means rain. Put together, meaning of ‘Mariamman’ is supposed to be the goddess of rain. This Goddess is worshipped commonly in south Indian states like Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and some parts of Kerala too. Mother ‘Mari’ is related to our well known goddess Durga devi. Mariyamman is usually represents as an attractive lady with red dress. The word ‘mari’ has one more meaning, that is associated with disease “Pox”. People considers Mariyamman as the goddess of the diseases like pox, small pox and chicken pox. The main remedy she advises for these diseases is the liquid mixture of neem and turmeric powder. We can see most of the mariyamman temples in rural areas or villages. there are non Brahmin poojaries for everyday pooja. In some temples, mariamma has no form and is only represented by a stone, with a lemon garland.

     

    (source :  http://www.thekeralatemples.com/temple_index_mariyamman.htm)

     

     

  • Jaundice

    Jaundice

    Jaundice, (also known as icterus[1], attributive adjective: icteric) is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia (increased levels of bilirubin in the blood). This hyperbilirubinemia subsequently causes increased levels of bilirubin in the extracellular fluids. Typically, the concentration of bilirubin in the plasma must exceed 1.5 mg/dL[2] ( > 35 micromoles/L), three times the usual value of approximately 0.5 mg/dL[2], for the coloration to be easily visible. Jaundice comes from the French word jaune, meaning yellow.

    Icterus

    The conjunctiva of the eye are one of the first tissues to change color as bilirubin levels rise in jaundice. This is sometimes referred to as scleral icterus. However, the sclera themselves are not “icteric” (stained with bile pigment) but rather the conjunctival membranes that overlie them. The yellowing of the “white of the eye” is thus more properly termed conjunctival icterus.[3] The term “icterus” itself is sometimes incorrectly used to refer to jaundice that is noted in the sclera of the eyes, however its more common and more correct meaning is entirely synonymous with jaundice.[1][4]

    It was once believed persons suffering from the medical condition jaundice saw everything as yellow. By extension, the jaundiced eye came to mean a prejudiced view, usually rather negative or critical. Alexander Pope, in “An Essay on Criticism” (1711), wrote: “All seems Infected that th’ Infected spy, As all looks yellow to the Jaundic’d Eye.”[5] Similarly in the mid-19th century the English poet Alfred Lord Tennyson wrote in the poem Locksley Hall: “So I triumphe’d ere my passion sweeping thro’ me left me dry, left me with the palsied heart, and left me with a jaundiced eye.”

    When a pathological process interferes with the normal functioning of the metabolism and excretion of bilirubin just described, jaundice may be the result. Jaundice is classified into three categories, depending on which part of the physiological mechanism the pathology affects. The three categories are:

    Category Definition
    Pre-hepatic The pathology is occurring prior to the liver.
    Hepatic The pathology is located within the liver.
    Post-Hepatic The pathology is located after the conjugation of bilirubin in the liver.

    Pre-hepatic

    Pre-hepatic jaundice is caused by anything which causes an increased rate of hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells). In tropical countries, malaria can cause jaundice in this manner. Certain genetic diseases, such as sickle cell anemia, spherocytosis, thalassemia and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency can lead to increased red cell lysis and therefore hemolytic jaundice. Commonly, diseases of the kidney, such as hemolytic uremic syndrome, can also lead to coloration. Defects in bilirubin metabolism also present as jaundice, as in Gilbert’s syndrome (a genetic disorder of bilirubin metabolism which can result in mild jaundice, which is found in about 5% of the population)and Crigler-Najjar syndrome.

    In jaundice secondary to hemolysis, the increased production of bilirubin, leads to the increased production of urine-urobilinogen. Bilirubin is not usually found in the urine because unconjugated bilirubinn is not water-soluble, so, the combination of increased urine-urobilinogen with no bilirubin(since, unconjugated)in urine is suggestive of hemolytic jaundice.

    Laboratory findings include:

    • Urine: no bilirubin present, urobilirubin > 2 units (i.e., hemolytic anemia causes increased heme metabolism; exception: infants where gut flora has not developed).
    • Serum: increased unconjugated bilirubin.
    • Kernicterus is associated with increased unconjugated bilirubin.

    Hepatocellular

    Hepatocellular (hepatic) jaundice can be caused by acute hepatitis, hepatotoxicity, and alcoholic liver disease. Cell necrosis reduces the liver’s ability to metabolize and excrete bilirubin leading to a buildup of unconjugated bilirubin in the blood. Other causes include primary biliary cirrhosis leading to an increase in plasma conjugated bilirubin. Jaundice seen in the newborn, known as neonatal jaundice, is common, occurring in almost every newborn[citation needed] as hepatic machinery for the conjugation and excretion of bilirubin does not fully mature until approximately two weeks of age. Rat fever (leptospirosis) can also cause hepatic jaundice. In hepatic jaundice, there is invariably cholestasis.

    Laboratory findings depend on the cause of jaundice.

    • Urine: Conjugated bilirubin present, urobilirubin > 2 units but variable (except in children). Kernicterus is a condition not associated with increased conjugated bilirubin.

     

    Post-hepatic

    Post-hepatic jaundice, also called obstructive jaundice, is caused by an interruption to the drainage of bile in the biliary system. The most common causes are gallstones in the common bile duct, and pancreatic cancer in the head of the pancreas. Also, a group of parasites known as “liver flukes” can live in the common bile duct, causing obstructive jaundice. Other causes include strictures of the common bile duct, biliary atresia, ductal carcinoma, pancreatitis and pancreatic pseudocysts. A rare cause of obstructive jaundice is Mirizzi’s syndrome.

    In complete obstruction of the bile duct, no urobilinogen is found in the urine,since bilirubin has no access to the intestine and its in the intestine that bilirubin gets converted to urobilinogen to be later released into the general circulation. In this case, presence of bilirubin(conjugated) in the urine without urine-urobilinogen suggests obstructive jaundice, either intra-hepatic or post-hepatic.

    The presence of pale stools and dark urine suggests an obstructive or post-hepatic cause as normal feces get their color from bile pigments. However, although pale stools and dark urine are a feature of biliary obstruction, they can occur in many intra-hepatic illnesses and are therefore not a reliable clinical feature to distinguish obstruction from hepatic causes of jaundice.[6]

    Patients also can present with elevated serum cholesterol, and often complain of severe itching or “pruritus” because of the deposition of bile salts.

    No single test can differentiate between various classifications of jaundice. A combination of liver function tests is essential to arrive at a diagnosis.

    Table of diagnostic tests[7]
    Function test Pre-hepatic Jaundice Hepatic Jaundice Post-hepatic Jaundice
    Total bilirubin Normal / Increased Increased
    Conjugated bilirubin Normal Increased Increased
    Unconjugated bilirubin Normal / Increased Increased Normal
    Urobilinogen Normal / Increased Increased Decreased / Negative
    Urine Color Dark(urobilinogen) Dark (urobilinogen + conjugated bilirubin) Dark (conjugated bilirubin)
    Stool Color Normal Pale
    Alkaline phosphatase levels Normal Increased
    Alanine transferase and Aspartate transferase levels Increased
    Conjugated Bilirubin in Urine Not Present Present

    (more at:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaundice)

     




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