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  • History of Bombay – Mumbai

    According to ancient history, a grouping of seven islands comprising Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Woman’s Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion formed a part of the kingdom of Ashoka, the Great of Magadh, ironically in North India .
    The Bhaiyas and Biharis whom the Thackerays accuse of being outsiders in Mumbai, come from the region, which was a part of Ashoka, the Great’s empire. We judge everything according to history and the history of Mumbai proves that its earliest known ownership was with a North Indian.
    The seven islands of Mumbai passed through many hands, the Sultans of Gujarat , the Portuguese and the British. Every ruler left behind proof of residence in Mumbai.
  • Coldest Place on Earth.


     Coldest Place on Earth

    Antarctica is the world’s coldest continent, and the coldest region of that frigid landscape is the expansive Polar Plateau. The plateau stretches across the center of the world’s largest ice sheet.

    Ice on the Polar Plateau is often three kilometres (1.8 miles) or more thick, making the plateau rise well over 3,000 metres or 10,000 feet in elevation. The high elevation contributes to the plateau’s extremely cold year-round weather.

    Although the plateau extends to the South Pole, that isn’t the coldest place on earth. The mean annual temperature there is a relatively balmy -49.5 degrees Celsius (-57.1 degrees Fahrenheit). The South Pole sits at an elevation of 2,835 metres (9,300 feet), but the plateau rises much higher than that, where it gets several degrees colder.

    During the last few decades, research stations scattered about the plateau at elevations of 3,420 to 3,625 metres (11,220 to 11,893 feet) have reported remarkably low temperatures throughout the year, confirming that the East Antarctic Polar Plateau is the planet’s coldest area.


    The South Pole is not the coldest place on earth.


    The South Pole isn’t the world’s coldest spot. Photo: National Science Foundation, Andrew Williams

    One exceptionally cold spot on the ice sheet is Vostok, sitting about 1,300 kilometres (808 miles) from the South Pole. Vostok’s mean annual temperature for 1961 to 1990 was -55.4 °C (-67.7 °F). That’s not the lowest average yearly temperature on the plateau, yet the site has set the world record for the lowest temperature twice.

    Plateau Station is slightly colder than Vostok, with a mean annual temperature of -56.4 °C (-69.5 °F). Researchers there in July 1968 documented the lowest average temperature for a month, -73.2 °C (-99.8 °F), setting a world record which still stands. During the southern winter of 1968, the temperature sank below -73.3 °C (-100 °F) on 100 days. The Station’s coldest day was July 20, 1968 when it dropped to -86.2 °C (-123.1 °F).

    At Sovietskaya, a Russian research station on the Polar Plateau, scientists in 1957 and 1958 lived through the lowest annual mean temperature yet of -57.2 °C (-71.0 °F).

    The Coldest Place Discovered

    But none of those places are the coldest in the world. The East Antarctic ice sheet rises several hundred metres above the research stations. Scientists figured they needed to climb higher up the plateau to find the coldest place on earth.

    It wasn’t until 2005 that scientists reached Dome Argus, better known as Dome        A — the highest point on the East Antarctic ice sheet — and started recording temperatures.

    The Dome A summit is located at a latitude of 80 degrees South and rises to 4,092 metres (13,425 feet) above sea level.

    Measurements made in 2005 revealed that Dome A has an annual mean temperature of -58.3 °C (-72.9 °F), confirming it indeed is the coldest place

    on earth.


    Researchers have designated Dome A as the earth’s “pole of cold”.

  • Weight loss should be well planned

    Weight loss should be well planned
    With miracle diets around every corner, here are the basic rules of weight loss…To lose weight you need to create a calorie deficit. A weight loss of 1 to 2 pounds per week is safe. To lose 1 pound a week you need to cut back on 500 calories a day. That is a total of 3500 calories a week. The best way to achieve this is by reducing your calorie intake and increasing calorie expenditure through exercise.If you do without your 250-calorie chocolate bar and burn 250 calories by running three miles, you will create a calorie deficit of 500 calories. Do this everyday and you will have a deficit of 3500 calories in one week.How many calories should you consume to lose weight?
    To lose weight, the American College of Sports Medicine recommends a minimum consumption of 1200 calories per day. If your calorie consumption is less than 1000 a day, your body is in danger of not receiving an adequate supply of nutrients. The body then enters a state of semi-starvation, lowering the metabolic rate and depleting the body of its energy stores.When counting calories, is it necessary to consider the nutritional value of foods?
    When you plan your meals, look at the caloric content and body’s nutritional requirement simultaneously. The body needs nutrients from various food groups. To lose weight it is best to consume foods such as watermelon, marsh melon, cucumber, bottle gourd, snake gourd, pumpkins since they are light, filling and easy to digest. Also the diet should have fibre-rich food and vegetables as it helps in elimination. The diet should also include low-fat dairy products, white meat over red meat, sprout and wholegrain products. Having a positive mind and right spirit also helps you in knocking those kilos.

    Diet plus exercise
    Diet plus exercise is the ideal way to lose weight. A sound weight-loss program should include:
    Decreased fat consumption
    Portion control
    High fibre
    An active lifestyle
    Consistent, sensible eating and exercise habits

    Exercise is crucial
    Cardiovascular exercises help reduce body fat and burn calories. Also, metabolic rates can increase up to 25 per cent for six to eight hours after a cardiovascular workout. A duration of 30 to 60 minutes of low-impact cardiovascular activity is recommended to lose weight. Examples of low-impact exercises are walking, swimming or cycling.

    Strength training improves bone density, builds strength and enhances the metabolism. You can strength train on various types of equipment in a health club, gym or at home. Strength train two to three times per week.

    (source : The Times of India on 17.08.2012)
  • 1951 – Old Songs – Awara

    1951 – Ghar Aya Mera Perdesi, Awara
    1951 – Ek Bewafa Sey Pyar Kiya, Awara

  • Steam Engine

    The first steam powered train was invented by Robert Stephenson and was named as Rocket.

  • Santa Jokes


    Santa sent SMS to his BOSS: Me sick, no work.�
    Boss SMS back: When I am sick I kiss my wife try it.�
    Two hours later Santa sms 2 boss: Me ok, ur wife very sweet.  �
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********
    Santa ki chatri me hole tha, kisine pucha, umbrella mein hole kyu?�
    Sardar bola: Oye barish ruk jayegi to pata kaise chalega.  �
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********

    Santa: Why has the Govt. fixed voting age 18yrs & marriage age 21yrs?�
    Banta: Govt. ko pata hai ki desh sambhalna aasan hai, lekin biwi ko nahi.�
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********
    Banta: Pareshan lag rahe ho.�
    Santa: Yaar baap ban ne wala hu.�
    Banta: Yeh to khushi ki baat hai.�
    Santa: Lekin biwi ko nahi pata.�
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********

    Santa bada dukhi tha, kisi ne pucha itni tension me kyon ho?�
    Santa: Ek dost ko 3 lac plastic surgery k liye diye the, ab use pehchan nahin pa raha  �
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********

    Driver: Sir ji, petrol khatam ho gaya , gaadi aage nahi ja sakti.�
    Banta: Chalo Phir, wapis le chalo.�
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********
    Santa: Wo dekh teri biwi ko saanp kaat raha hai.�
    Banta: Are tension mat le, Jeher bharwane aya hoga

    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********
    Banta: Kal Muje 10 logo ne Peeta.�
    Santa: Phir tune kya kiya?�
    Banta: Maine kaha salon ek-ek karke aao.�
    Santa: Phir?�
    Banta: Phir kya, Salon ne ek-ek karke dubara Peeta !    �
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********
    Pappu: Ajj madam ne 1 swaal puchhya jisda jawab sirf mainu hi pata si.�
    Santa: Mera biba beta, ki swaal si?�
    Pappu: Swaal si k blackboard kol susu kine kita hai?  �
    ************ ********* ********* ********* *********

    Inspector to Banta: Faansi se pehle, bata teri antim ichha kya hai?�
    Banta: Mere pair upar aur sir neeche kar k faansi de do..!�

    (contirbuted by amohanrao on 25.01.2011)

  • Good Church signs

    yet another reminder that God & Levity can & often go together for excellent effects… !!!





    (contributed by: Mohan Rao on 23.03.2012)



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