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Considering, for every carat of rough diamonds recovered, more than 250 tonnes of ore has to be blasted, crushed and processed, these diamonds then are priceless. You will be impressed to know that most of these famous diamonds had their origins in India and are now housed in famous Museums around the world. The most mysterious of them all is the-
1] How the HOPE DIAMOND, killed the hopes of all its owners:- Currently housed in the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, 45.52 Carats, is ironically named Hope diamond (named for its purchaser, Henry Thomas Hope) became associated with a run of bad luck for its owners.
The diamond is said to bring misfortune to its possessors, because it is believed to be stolen from an eye of a Hindu idol of the goddess Sita in India. And indeed many who possessed the Hope diamond died young or went bankrupt or were killed. It is thought to be a part of the famous Blue Tavernier Diamond, brought to Europe from India in l642, mined at the Kollur mines of Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India. The Blue was purchased by King Louis XIV who had it cut to 67.50 carats from 112 carats to bring out its brilliance.
The diamond was stolen during the French Revolution, and a smaller diamond of similar color was sold in 1830 to Hope, an English banker. After inheriting the diamond, Hope’s son lost his fortune. It was eventually acquired by an American widow,
Mrs. Edward McLean, whose family then suffered a series of catastrophes: her only child was accidentally killed, the family broke up, Mrs. McLean lost her money, and then committed suicide. When Harry Winston, the New York diamond merchant, bought the stone in 1949, many clients refused touch the stone. To commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the diamond in the Museum, Smithsonian Channel invited the American public to cast their vote on a new commemorative setting for the Hope Diamond, from three designs created by Harry Winston Inc.
The new design unveiled on the 20th of November 2010 is called Embracing Hope , chosen from the pre short listed design shown above. Embracing Hope includes two intertwined platinum bands, studded with 300 baguette stones. The Hope will be displayed briefly in its temporary setting next spring, the museum said. The diamond will be returned to its original setting, a pendant circled by diamonds, on a diamond necklace
2] How did the Koh I Noor from India end up on Queen Elizabeths crown travelling through 600 odd years :- Legend has suggested that the stone may date from before the time of Christ; theory indicates the possibility of its appearance in the early years of the 1300s; history proves its existence for the past two and a half centuries.105.60 Carats, an oval cut gem, now part of the British Crown Jewels. The name of this diamond means “Mountain of Light” and its history, dating back to1304, is the longest of all famous diamonds.
It was captured by the Rajahs of Malwa in the sixteenth century by the Mogul, Sultan Babur and remained in the possession of later Mogul emperors. It may have been set in the famous Peacock Throne made for Shah Jehan.
After the break-up of the Persian empire the diamond found its way to India. It may have traveled to Afghanistan with a bodyguard of Nadir Shah, who fled with the stone when the Shah was murdered, to be later offered to Ranjit Singh of the Punjab in exchange for military help (which was never delivered). After fighting broke out between the Sikhs and the British, The East India Company claimed the diamond as a partial indemnity, and then presented it to Queen Victoria in 1850. When the stone came from India, it weighed l986 carats; it was later recut to l08.93 carats.
It was first worn by the Queen in a brooch. It was later set in the State Crown, worn by Queen Alexandra and Queen Mary, and 1937 was worn for by Queen Elizabeth for her coronation. It is kept in the Tower of London, with the other Crown Jewels.
3]Why CULLINANA the Star of Africa is the biggest diamond in the world :- The Cullinan diamond is the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3,106.75 carats.The largest polished gem from the stone is named Cullinan I or the Great Star of Africa, and at 530.4 carats. It was the largest polished diamond in the world until the 1985 discovery of the Golden Jubilee Diamond. It was found by Frederick Wells, surface manager of the Premier Diamond Mining Company in Cullinan, on January 26, 1905.
The stone was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, the owner of the diamond mine who presented it to King Edward VII on his birthday. It was cut into three large parts by Asscher Brothers of Amsterdam, and eventually into 9 large gem-quality stones and a number of smaller fragments.
In 1905, transport from South Africa to England posed a security problem. Detectives from London were placed on a steamboat that was rumored to carry the stone, but this was a diversionary tactic. The stone on that ship was a fake, meant to attract those who would be interested in stealing it. The actual diamond was sent to England in a plain box via parcel post, albeit registered
4] How Darya-Ye-Noor found its way to Persia from the Mughal Empire :- Darya-ye Noor Diamond is recognized as the possession of the first Mogul emperor of India and is ranked as the most eminent diamond among the Iranian Crown Jewels. ‘Darya-ye Noor’ is a Persian word meaning “Sea of Light”. The Darya-ye-Noor is known as one of the largest diamonds in the world and has a body mass of 182 carats (36.4 g) The diamond has a unique pale pink color that makes it a rare diamond. The extraction of this diamond was in India at the Golconda mine, which is in the southern India. The diamond was a precious possession of the Mughal knights.
The invasion of the adventurer, Nader Shah of Persia occurred in 1739 and the adventurer congregated a lot of possessions from the wealthy Mughal treasury that included the Darya-ye Noor, which were carried to Persia leaving the country of origin forever. The Darya-ye Noor presently forms part of the Iranian Crown Jewels and is on display at the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran
5] The symbol of love between Liz Taylor and Richard Burton:-The original diamond was found in the Premier mine in South Africa in 1966 and weighed 240.8 carats. The Taylor-Burton diamond was cut into a pear shape by jeweller Harry Winston and weighs 69.42 carats. Actor Richard Burton purchased the diamond for his wife Elizabeth Taylor to celebrate her 40th birthday in 1972 In 1978 Elizabeth Taylor sold the Taylor-Burton diamond after her divorce with Richard Burton. The diamond is now owned by Mr. Robert Mouawad who had the diamond slightly recut.
6] Why the Green Diamond from India is called the The Dresden Green :- The Dresden Green diamond originally from India, has got its name from Dresden, a city in Saxony in Germany, where it has been displayed for more than 200 years. The first time the diamond was mentioned was in the 1700’s.
In 1741 King Augustus III. purchased the green diamond, which is the largest natural green diamond of the world with a weight of 41 carats. Augustus had the green diamond set in a Golden Vlies Ornament. Only a few years later the ornament was rearranged, because Augustus was no member of the Order of the Golden Vlies. The Dresden Green was worked into a hat clasp along with other diamonds. This ornament is now on display in the Green Vault in the Dresden Castle.
(source: firstname.lastname@example.org )Considering, for every carat of rough diamonds recovered, more than 250 tonnes of ore has to be blasted, crushed and processed, these diamonds then are priceless. You will be impressed to know that most of these famous diamonds had their origins in India and are now housed in famous Museums around the world. The most ...
MUMBAI: A tiny mechanized device weighing 400 grams may soon give a new lease of life to more than 4 million people in the country who die of heart failure every year. A Mumbai hospital has brought in the technology to implant an artificial heart that takes over the functioning of the original heart and promises to double the patient’s life-expectancy.
Bandra’s Asian Heart Institute recently completed training its team of doctors to implant the device in patients of heart failure. End-stage heart disease, wherein the heart loses its ability to pump oxygenated blood into the body, is currently almost means a death sentence for the patient. The lifesaver that runs on rechargeable batteries, however, will come at varying costs. At the AHI, it will cost a
whopping Rs 1 crore.
Experts say with incidence of heart failure increasing by 2 million annually and heart transplants being a distant dream in the country, this technology could be the way forward. Vice-chairman and Managing Director of AHI, Dr Ramakant Panda said, “Less than 1% of heart failure patients have any chance of getting an organ for transplant. This device, much smaller than the original heart, could be our solution to heart failure,” he said. He explained that the artificial heart not only gives the patient a shot at life, it also allows the natural heart to recover. In 10-15% of patients, the original heart recovers and the device is then removed.
Panda explained that the artificial heart will help patients who are ideal candidates for a heart transplant but need assistance to stay alive till they get a donor. “But for patients who do not even have the option to undergo cardiac transplantation, this technology is probably the only answer to stay alive,” he said.
Globally over 10,000 people are believed to be living with the device that is considered the most sophisticated to assist a failing heart. Senior consultant cardiovascular surgeon Dr Prashant Vaijyanath, who
is part of the team that will be carrying out the artificial heart transplants in AHI, said, “The device restores normal blood flow throughout the body, making it possible for the patient to breathe easily. All the fatigue associated with the condition goes away.” He said the logic was simple. “All organs start receiving more blood than they did before. Patients can resume their normal activities, including running and cycling, simply because they feel more energetic,” he added. However, patients will not be able to swim, he cautioned.
AHI would be the first facility in western India to offer the transplant. Recently, Bangalore’s Narayan Hrudalaya too got the green signal to start the programme. Earlier in 2008, it had performed artificial heart transplants in four patients. The program however, had to be aborted due to the global meltdown in 2009 that led to the closure of the company making the device. Now, technology has changed drastically. The device used for transplants in 2008 is all but obsolete, replaced by newer ones which are sleeker and better.
Cardiovascular surgeon Dr T R Rajesh, who consults with Narayan Hrudalaya and had performed the transplants back in 2008, termed the new technology as a game changer. “Even today if a patient is given a choice between a transplant and getting the artificial heart, the patient chooses the latter. The post-operative management of patients is simpler compared to a heart transplant. There is no question of the organ being rejected or the patient having to follow a strict regime,” he said. He said Narayan Hrudalaya would offer artificial heart transplants at a cost of Rs 50 lakh. “We will charge patients only for the device and will waive off other fees,” he said.
Rajesh, however, said the artificial heart comes with its own share of flaws. “Chances of infection, even if less than 10%, are there. There will be cables sticking out of the body which many may not prefer,” he said. Panda too echoed the same and said that affordability will remain the biggest hurdle. “Over the next 10-15 years, the cost may come down to a few lakhs as demand increases,” he said.
(contributed by : Amr on 28.09.2012)
A keen immigrant Indian Marwadi lad applied for a salesman’s job at a premier downtown department store.
In fact, it was the biggest store in the world – you could get anything there.The boss asked him, “Have you ever been a salesman before?” “Yes sir, I was a salesman in India”, replied the lad.The boss liked the cut of him and said, “You can start tomorrow and I’ll come and see you.”The day was long and arduous for the young man, but he got through it.. And finally 6:00 PM came around. The boss duly fronted up and asked, “How many sales did you make today?” “Sir, Just ONE sale.” said the young salesman. “Only one sale?” blurted the boss. “No! No! You see here, most of my staff make 20 or 30 sales a day. “If you want to keep this job, you’d better be doing better than just one sale. By the way “How much was the sale worth?”
“$236,000″ said the young Marwadi.
“What!”, “How did you manage that?” asked the flabbergasted boss.
“Well”, said the salesman, “This man came in and I sold him a small fish hook, then a medium hook and finally a really large hook. Then I sell him new fishing rod and some fishing gear. Then I asked him where he was going fishing and he said down the coast.
So I told him he’d need a boat, so I took him down to the boat department and sold him that twenty-foot schooner with the twin engines. Then he said his Volkswagen probably wouldn’t be able to pull it, so I took him to our automotive department and sold him that new Deluxe 4X4 Blazer.
I then asked him where he’ll be staying, and since he had no accommodation, I took him to camping department and sold him one of those new igloo 6-sleeper camper tents. Then the guy said, while we’re at it, I should throw in about $100 worth of groceries and two cases of beer.
The boss took two steps back and asked in astonishment, “You sold all that to a guy who came in for a fish hook!!”
“No” answered the salesman, “he came in to buy a box of sanitary napkins for his wife and I said to him, “Sir, your weekend screwed anyway, you might as well go fishing.”
Boss: “You sit in my chair……..”(source: user sktangri on 19.11.2014)A keen immigrant Indian Marwadi lad applied for a salesman’s job at a premier downtown department store. In fact, it was the biggest store in the world – you could get anything there. The boss asked him, “Have you ever been a salesman before?” “Yes sir, I was a salesman in India”, replied the lad. The boss liked the cut of him and ...
We’ll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes,
But the plural of ox becomes oxen, not oxes.
One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,
Yet the plural of moose should never be meese.
You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice,
Yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.
If the plural of man is always called men,
Why shouldn’t the plural of pan be called pen?
If I speak of my foot and show you my feet,
And I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?
If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth,
Why shouldn’t the plural of booth be called beeth?
Then one may be that, and there would be those,
Yet hat in the plural would never be hose,
And the plural of cat is cats, not cose.
We speak of a brother and also of brethren,
But though we say mother, we never say methren.
Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him,
But imagine the feminine: she, shis and shim!
Let’s face it – English is a crazy language.
There is no egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger;
Neither apple nor pine in pineapple.
English muffins weren’t invented in England.
We take English for granted, but if we explore its paradoxes,
We find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square,
And a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.
And why is it that writers write, but fingers don’t fing,
Grocers don’t groce and hammers don’t ham?
Doesn’t it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one amend?
If you have a bunch of odds and ends and get rid of all but one of them,
What do you call it?
If teachers taught, why didn’t preachers praught?
If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?
Sometimes I think all the folks who grew up speaking English
Should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane.
In what other language do people recite at a play and play at a recital?
We ship by truck but send cargo by ship…
We have noses that run and feet that smell.
We park in a driveway and drive in a parkway.
And how can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same,
While a wise man and a wise guy are opposites?
You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language
In which your house can burn up as it burns down,
In which you fill in a form by filling it out,
And in which an alarm goes off by going on.
And in closing………. If Father is Pop, how come Mother’s not Mop.???
(contributed by : mohan rao on 03.10.2011)