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- The secret to losing weight could be down to a person’s genes rather than how strictly they adhere to a diet, a research indicates.According to the study, some women are genetically programmed to have more success in shedding pounds through certain weight-loss schemes than others. The findings could explain why some people swear by the fat-rich Atkins diet to slim down, while others do better by stocking up on carbohydrates, reports telegraph.co.uk.Researchers from Stanford University in the US have made this discovery after taking mouth swabs from more than 100 overweight women who had tried various diets.They then analysed the women’s DNA for five genes linked to how the body uses fat and carbohydrate.
The team found that women following diets that matched their genotype or genetic make-up, shed nearly 6 kg on average over a year – almost three times more than the other women.
These women also saw their waistlines reduced by 2.6 inches on average, compared with 1.2 inches.
Christopher Gardner of Stanford University, who led the study, said: “The differentiation in weight loss for individuals who followed a diet matched to their genotype versus one that was not matched to their genotype is highly significant and represents an approach to weight loss that has not previously been reported in literature.”
He added that using genetic information would “be important in helping to solve the pervasive problem of excessive weight in our society”.(source : The Times of India on 17.08.2012)The secret to losing weight could be down to a person’s genes rather than how strictly they adhere to a diet, a research indicates.According to the study, some women are genetically programmed to have more success in shedding pounds through certain weight-loss schemes than others. The findings could explain why some people swear by the ...
If you trace the history of so-called futuristic car tech over the past 30 years or so, you’ll find some real advances—particularly in safety and performance. Modern-day rigid passenger cages, crumple zones, stability control, and (more recently) direct injection and direct-shift gearboxes have advanced the state of the art. A lot of car tech, though, particularly inside the vehicle, ended up being more flash than substance. But new technologies are putting us back on the track to truly connected, do-it-all automobiles.
Today’s Cars: Where We’re Parked
Talking cars, for example, were all the rage in the early 1980s; think Knight Rider, but on regular cars, and without David Hasselhoff. The Datsun 280ZX and Nissan Maxima told you when you left your lights on; Eddie Murphy made fun of the idea in his stand-up act, and the whole phenomenon faded away. (Nissan phased out the name Datsun around the same time.) The same goes for digital speedometers: Chevy Corvettes and many Fords had them in the 1980s, but enthusiasts decried their inability to show rate of change the way a sweeping needle could. More recently, a few mainstream models like the Honda Civic and the Toyota Prius brought digital instrumentation back, but it’s still far from universal.
Nonetheless, after several decades of cassette tape and CD-based stereo systems and not much else, we’re finally seeing a renaissance in just what should make up the standard controls for a modern-day automobile. It’s only now that we’re beginning to see real advances with staying power, such as iPod and navigation system integration. In fact, we’re already moving past those, from CD and GPS-based systems in center consoles to, well, something. No one is quite sure yet; there’s no one clear standard.
The latest in-car “infotainment” systems seem to do everything. But it’s far from clear how much of everything people want to be able to do inside their cars, or whether it’s safe to do so (at least for the driver). One key trend will be figuring out the line between where it makes more sense for your car to do something instead of your phone. And then there’s the user interface question. Right now, a car’s primary controls—steering, accelerator, and brakes—have been more or less set for decades. Secondary controls, including the lights, horn, stereo, heater, and so on, are ripe for experimentation, which can be a good thing or a bad thing.
aIf you trace the history of so-called futuristic car tech over the past 30 years or so, you’ll find some real advances—particularly in safety and performance. Modern-day rigid passenger cages, crumple zones, stability control, and (more recently) direct injection and direct-shift gearboxes have advanced the state of the art. A lot of car tech, though, ...
A British anthropologist was doing field research in an isolated African village, when a tribal chief asked if he would like to be his guest at a legal trial he was conducting later that day.
“We have copied your country’s legal procedures from what we have read in the accounts of many English trials in your newspapers, and incorporated them into our judicial system.” proudly stated the chief.
When the Brit arrived at the wooden courthouse, he was amazed to see how closely the African court officials tried to resemble those of England .
The counsels were suitably attired in long black robes and the traditional white powdered wigs worn by all British jurists. Each argued his case with eloquence and in proper judicial language.
But he was puzzled by the occasional appearance of a bare-breasted native girl running through the crowd waving her arms frantically.
After the trial, the anthropologist congratulated his host on what he had seen and then asked, “What native purpose does the semi-nude woman signify running through the courtroom during the trial?”
“I really don’t know”, confessed the Chief, “but in all the accounts we read in the British papers about trials in the Royal Courts, there was invariably something mentioned about “an excited titter” running through the gallery”.
(contributed by : Mohan Rao on 19.03.2012)A British anthropologist was doing field research in an isolated African village, when a tribal chief asked if he would like to be his guest at a legal trial he was conducting later that day. “We have copied your country’s legal procedures from what we have read in the accounts of many English trials in your ...
1. Kidney Beans
If you eat undercooked or raw kidney beans, the toxin phytohaemagglutinin (a lectin, known to interfere with cellular metabolism) can cause extreme nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and in some cases you may need to be hospitalized. Sometimes known as Red Kidney Bean Poisoning, this condition is caused by eating raw, soaked kidney beans or beans that have been cooked in a crock pot without being boiled (or heated to a high enough temperature first). In fact, heating kidney beans to 176 degrees F may increase their toxicity five-fold compared to eating the raw, which is why outbreaks have been associated with slow cookers or crockpots. Illness can occur from just four or five undercooked cooked or raw beans. In order to make kidney beans safe for consumption, you must soak them for at least 5 hours, get rid of the water and then boil them briskly in fresh water for at least 10-30 minutes.
Though technically a fungus, many species of wild mushrooms contain poisons that can cause illness ranging from mild to deadly. In some cases, symptoms don’t appear for hours, days or even weeks after the mushroom is eaten, and by that time permanent organ damage may have already occurred. Toxins in wild mushrooms cannot be made “safe” by any from of cooking, freezing or processing, and it can be extremely difficult to discern a poisonous mushroom from a safe one. To be safe, unless you’re a trained expert on mushroom identification, don’t eat any mushrooms you find in the wild.
Corn can be contaminated with aflatoxin, a toxin produced by fungus that can grow on certain foods. Aflatoxins are known to cause cancer as well as liver and immune-system problems. Although a human illness outbreak related to aflatoxin has not been reported in the United States, they have occurred in other countries, and aflatoxin-contaminated pet foods have caused outbreaks and deaths among dogs and cats in the United States. It is, however, difficult to prove that a disease such as cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer is caused by aflatoxin, even though there is reliable evidence that it is an important danger to public health (particularly when unregulated). Other foods that may contain aflatoxin include peanuts, rice, dried coconut meat, cocoa beans, figs, ginger and nutmeg.
If a potato is green or sprouted, it’s a sign that it contains solanine, a compound that is toxic even in small amounts. Eating a green potato, or potato sprouts, can cause what’s known as potato plant poisoning or solanum tuberosum poisoning, leading to symptoms ranging from diarrhea and vomiting to delirium, paralysis, shock and, in extremely rare cases, death.
The leaves and stems of the tomato plant contain glycoalkaloid, a toxin that can lead to stomach upset, headache and dizziness. Green tomatoes do contain some alkaloid poison as well, but generally in too small of quantities to be dangerous. That said, tea made from tomato leaves should be avoided.
Rhubarb stalks, which are actually stems of a perennial plant, are quite tasty when used in pies or crumbles, but the leaves of this plant are very poisonous. If you eat rhubarb leaves, it can cause vomiting and diarrhea, along with seizures, difficulty breathing, kidney problems, coma and even death due to the oxalic acid salts they contain.
7. Lima Beans
Lima beans contain the deadly poison cyanide, which is produced to prevent predators from eating them. Eating large amounts of raw lima beans may cause violent illness and death, so be sure they are thoroughly cooked (soaked and then boiled in fresh water for at least 10 minutes) before eating.
Parsnips contain naturally occurring chemicals called psoralens, which cause genetic mutation and cancer in animals when exposed to ultraviolet light. These toxins are not destroyed by normal cooking, leading researchers to question whether they may have toxic consequences in humans.[ii]
9. Alfalfa Sprouts
Alfalfa sprouts have made the news many times due to contamination with salmonella and e. coli, however even when not contaminated they contain a natural chemical called canavanine that has been found to cause a lupus-like autoimmune disease in an animal study. There is some evidence that people with lupus may want to avoid alfalfa sprouts as they may aggravate the condition.
Spinach contains compounds called oxalates, which can bind to calcium in your body. If eaten in large quantities, there is some evidence that suggests it may contribute to the formation of kidney stones (most kidney stones in U.S. adults are calcium oxalate stones). However, some believe restricting dietary oxalates will not reduce kidney stone formation. Other vegetables that contain oxalates include Swiss chard, beet greens, okra, parsley, collard greens and leeks.
11. Fava Beans
In people with G6PD deficiency, a hereditary abnormality, eating fava beans (and certain other legumes) may destroy red blood less and cause hemolytic anemia — a condition known as favism. This deficit is most common in people from Africa, followed by those from the Mediterranean and southeast Asia.
Though ordinarily healthy, celery topped the Environmental Working Group’s 2011 list of fruits and vegetables most contaminated with pesticides. Coming in at #2 (apples were #1), celery was found to be highly contaminated and tested positive for 57 different pesticides.[iii] If you’re going to eat celery, buying organic makes sense.
(source: http://www.losethebackpain.com/blog/2012/05/16/dangerous-vegetables/)1. Kidney Beans If you eat undercooked or raw kidney beans, the toxin phytohaemagglutinin (a lectin, known to interfere with cellular metabolism) can cause extreme nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and in some cases you may need to be hospitalized. Sometimes known as Red Kidney Bean Poisoning, this condition is caused by eating raw, soaked kidney ...
SRI PADMANABHASAWMY TEMPLE, TRIVANDRUM
SIR THOMAS MUNRO, GOVERNOR of MADRAS
Hinduism, also called Sanathana Dharma, is universal in application and does not make any difference between one religion and the other. All the devotees who believe and follow the tenets of Hinduism are respected and rewarded alike. The foregoing is a classic example of an Englishman by name Sir Thomas Munro [1761-1827] who was the Governor of Madras and his devotional attachment to Sri Padmanabha Swamy Temple at Trivandrum [then called Travancore].
When India was ruled by the British, there were so many princely states like Mysore, Rajasthan, Travancore etc. which were directly ruled by the respective Maharajas who owed allegiance to the British throne. The erstwhile Maharajas of Travancore ruled the State in the belief that it was their ‘Divine Right to Rule’. They were simultaneously aware of the fact that the Right to Rule entirely depended on their ability to rule ‘rightly’ in keeping with the tenets of Hindu Dharma or Raja Dharma as it is called in Sanskrit. They also knew that it was Divinity that gave them the power to rule.
In 1750, King Martanda Varma, the most powerful of the Travancore rulers, pledged that he and his descendents would serve the kingdom as servants of Lord Padmanabha [Padmanabha Dasa], the Lord being the King. The British had observed the tradition and honoured the Lord with a 21-gun salute.
When the Indian states were merged, Independent India appointed the Travancore royal head as the Raj Pramukh; but he preferred to be known as Padmanabha Dasa, and not as Raja Pramukh. The government had continued to honour the tradition of 21 gun-salutes to the Lord till 1970 when, along with the abolition of princely titles, the honour of the Lord was withdrawn.
Sri Padmanabha Swamy Temple, as seen today, was built by Maharaja Martanda Varma in 1773. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the Temple has an 18 feet long idol and a seven-tier Gopuram.
Sometime in the early 19th century, the State was ruled by Maharaja Martanda Varma. When he passed away in 1813 he had no male heir to succeed him to the throne. So, the British Government approved of a provisional arrangement to rule the State by making his wife Rani Lakshmibai as a Regent. This was an immediate and temporary arrangement till a final decision was taken about the successor. At that time Thomas Munro who was stationed at Travancore was representing the British Government as Dewan.of Travancore. After sometime, the Governor General of India asked Munro to intimate the name of a suitable successor. Munro could not give an immediate reply as he knew that at that time Rani Lakshmibai was carrying and the delivery was expected soon. If the Rani failed to deliver a male child, the Travancore State, as per the Doctrine of Succession, would lapse to the British throne.
When a final reminder came from the Governor General for an immediate reply and the decision could not brook any delay, Munro was in a real fix. The Queen had not yet delivered. However, as Munro had great respect to Hinduism and believed in the Divinity of Lord Padmanabha and as he was also keen on continuing the lineage of the Maharaja, he prayed to Lord Padmanabha and sent a letter to the Governor General saying that the Queen had delivered a male child, even though no delivery had taken place. He took a great risk of uttering a lie, guided by an inner voice that divine intervention would prove him true.
Munro spent sleepless nights after sending the letter. One fine morning he went on horse back to the East Fort at Travancore and facing the Lord murmured “O Lord! I believe you are omnipotent. I adore you. Please grant me a boon. Let Her Highness deliver a male child. There should not be a gap in your Slave Kings. Bless Her Highness with a male child for the throne”. He further added “if it is true that you are there, grant me my boon. If it is not granted, I cannot say what I will do”. After his prayer, Munro returned to the Residency, his official residence. Within a few minutes, he heard the news that Her Highness had delivered a male child. The joy of the Resident knew no bounds. He cried in ecstasy “O Lord Padmanabha! You are a reality. You are very much there in flesh and blood”.
The male child that was born to Rani Lakshmibai in 1813 was none other than the most famous ruler of the State who later ascended the throne of Travancore as Swathi Tirunal Maharaja—one of the greatest composers of Carnatic music. Besides music, His Highness was highly learned in Sanskrit, poetry and other fine arts. Though His Highness died at the young age of 34 years, he ruled the State for nearly 18 years and was a master of 13 languages. Apart from music compositions, he has written a book on “The Theory of Music” in his own handwriting which is preserved even today in the Department of Oriental Studies, Trivandrum.
Munro became an ardent devotee of Lord Padmanabha and personally undertook the work of temple administration. The code he evolved in Temple Administration is even now followed in several temples of that region.
As a digression, it may be noted that when Munro first came to India and took service under the British Government in 1801, he was for some time looking after the administration of some of the districts in the South, ceded by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In this capacity, he was once entrusted with the job of bringing the land on which the famous Sri Raghavendra Swamy Math is situated in Mantralaya under the control and jurisdiction of the East India Company under the Permanent Settlement Act. When this order came to the notice of the local citizens, many natives and devotees of the Math vehemently opposed the move as they thought it would be a religious sacrilege for a foreign government to encroach upon the holy premises of the Math. They approached Munro with their grievance. Munro decided to visit Mantralaya personally and check about the religious sanctity of the Math. It is said that when he reached the Math premises, removed his shoes and was about to enter the Math, Sri Raghavendra Swamy himself appeared before him in a vision and it is further said that both became involved in a conversation. However, no one knew about this till the fact was made known by Munro himself. A subsequent issue of the Madras Government Gazette, however, bears witness to this strange incident. It is also learnt that soon after this incident, Munro was promoted as the Governor of Madras Presidency in which capacity he got cancelled the earlier decision of the British Government to annex Mantralaya. When the Math sent some consecrated coloured rice [Mantrakshatha] to Munro as God’s Blessings on the occasion of his elevation to the post of Governor, he received it with all humility and reverence.
Sir Thomas Munro, Scottish by birth and Hindu at heart, died of Cholera in India in 1827 when he was on tour of the Northern Districts.
(contributed by:Mohan Rao on 25.06.2011)SRI PADMANABHASAWMY TEMPLE, TRIVANDRUM And SIR THOMAS MUNRO, GOVERNOR of MADRAS Hinduism, also called Sanathana Dharma, is universal in application and does not make any difference between one religion and the other. All the devotees who believe and follow the tenets of Hinduism are respected and rewarded alike. The foregoing is a classic example of an Englishman by ...