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History of Navaratri
Navratri is a very important Hindu festival celebrated in India, which is devoted to Goddess Durga. The festival is celebrated with great reverence and faith across the country. It stretches over a period of nine days, with each of the nine days being dedicated to one of the nine forms of the Goddess. Talking about the history of Navratri festival, it can be explained through the stories mentioned in the Hindu scriptures. In case you want to know more about them, explore the information given below
History & Origin Of Navratri
In different parts of India, different legends describe the history of Navratri:
The legend in North India goes that Mahishasura, the mighty demon, worshipped Lord Shiva and obtained the power of eternity. Soon, he started killing and harassing innocent people and set out to win all the three lokas. The gods in swargaloka appealed to Lord Shiva, to find a way to get rid of the demon. To protect the world from the atrocities of Mahishasura, the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva united their powers and created a divine female warrior, known as Goddess Durga. Mahishasura, when he saw the divine beauty of Goddess Durga, got mesmerized.
So fascinated was Mahishasura by Goddess Durga’s beauty that he approached her with the intention of marriage. The goddess agreed to marry him, but put forth a condition – Mahishasura would have to win over her in a battle. Mahishasura, proud as he was, agreed immediately! The battle continued for 9 nights and at the end of the ninth night, Goddess Durga beheaded Mahishasura. The nine nights came to be known as Navratri, while the tenth day was called Vijayadashmi, the tenth day that brought the triumph of good over evil.
As per the legend prevalent in East India, Daksha, the king of the Himalayas, had a beautiful and virtuous daughter called Uma. She wished to marry Lord Shiva, since her childhood. In order to win over the Lord, she worshipped him and managed to please him as well. When Shiva finally came to marry her, the tiger-skin clad groom displeased Daksha and he broke off all the relationships with his daughter and son-in-law. One fine day, Daksha organized a yagna, but did not invite Lord Shiva for the same.
Uma got so angry at her father’s rude behavior, towards her husband, that she decided to end her life by jumping into the agnikund of the yagna, where she was united with eternity (since then, she came to be known as Sati). However, she took re-birth and again won Shiva as her groom and peace was restored. It is believed that since then, Uma comes every year with Ganesh, Kartik, Saraswati and Laxmi and two of her best friends or ‘sakhis’, called Jaya and Bijaya, to visit her parent’s home during Navratri.
Another Legend – Ram and Ravana
Yet another legend of Navratri relates to the Hindu epic Ramayana. It goes that Lord Rama worshipped Goddess Durga in nine aspects, for nine days, in order to gather the strength and power to kill Ravana. He wanted to release Sita from the clutches of powerful demon king Ravana, who had abducted her. Those nine nights became to be known as Navratri and the tenth day, on which Lord Rama killed Ravana, came to be called Vijayadashmi or Dusshera, signifying Rama’s (good) triumph over Ravana (evil).
How Navratri is Celebrated in Different Regions……
The Navratri commences on the first day (pratipada) of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Ashwin. The festival is celebrated for nine nights once every year during the beginning of October, although as the dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar, the festival may be held for a day more or a day less.
Navaratri is celebrated in different ways throughout India. In North India, all three Navratris are celebrated with much fervor by fasting on all nine days and worshipping the Mother Goddess in her different forms. The Chaitra Navratriculmintes in Ram Navami and the Sharad Navratri culminates in Durga Puja and Dussehra. The Dussehra of Kulu in Himachal Pradesh is particularly famous in the North.
The last four days of Sharad Navratri take on a particularly dramatic form in the state of West Bengal in East India where they are celebrated as Durga Puja. This is the biggest festival of the year in this state. Exquisitely crafted and decorated life-size clay idols of the Goddess Durga depicting her slaying the demon Mahisasura are set up in temples and other places. These idols are then worshipped for five days and immersed in the river on the fifth day.
In Western India, particularly in the state of Gujarat, Navratri is celebrated with the famous Garba dance. It is also popular throughout India and among Indian communities around the world including UK and USA.
In south India, people set up steps and place idols on them.This is known as golu.
Navratri is divided into sets of three days to adore three different aspects of the supreme goddess or goddesses.
First three days
The goddess is invoked as a spiritual force called Durga also known as kali in order to destroy all our impurities.
Second three days
The Mother is adored as a giver of spiritual wealth, Lakshmi, who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees inexhaustible wealth, as she is the goddess of wealth.
Final three days
The final set of three days is spent in worshipping the goddess of wisdom, Sarasvati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.
In South India, Sarasvati pooja is performed on the 7th day. Eight day is traditionally Durgashtami which is big in Bengal. The 9th day is Ayudha Pooja when everyone gives their tools of the trade — pens, machinery, books, automobiles, school work, etc. a rest and ritually worships them. They start a fresh from the next day, the 10th day which is considered as ‘Vijaya Dashami’. Many teachers/Schools in south India start teaching Kindergarten children from that day onwards. Students also pay homage to their respective teachers as they are considered the third god (Maathaa, Pitha, Guru, Daivam – Mother, Father, Teacher & God). On this tenth day of Navratri in October – the holiday of Dussehra or Dasara, an effigy of Ravana is burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil.
During Navratri, some devotees of Durga observe a fast and prayers are offered for the protection of health and prosperity. A period of introspection and purification, Navratri is traditionally an auspicious and religious time for starting new ventures.
During this vowed religious observance, a pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolizes the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp is the medium through which we worship the effulgent Adishakti, i.e. Sree Durgadevi. During Navratri, the principle of Sree Durgadevi is more active in the atmosphere.
Navratri is celebrated in a large number of Indian communities. The mother goddess is said to appear in 9 forms, and each one is worshipped for a day. These nine forms signify various traits that the goddess influences us with. The Devi Mahatmya and other texts invoking the Goddess who vanquished demons are cited.
During the eight or ninth day, Kanya Poojan, where virgin girls who have not attained puberty are worshipped, occurs.
(source: ITSUPERMARKET3)History of Navaratri Navratri is a very important Hindu festival celebrated in India, which is devoted to Goddess Durga. The festival is celebrated with great reverence and faith across the country. It stretches over a period of nine days, with each of the nine days being dedicated to one of the nine forms of the Goddess. ...
Fed up with people making fun of him, Santa Singh decided to change his religion. He joined a priest in a church as his assistant. One day the priest was called away for an emergency. Not wanting to leave the confessional unattended, he called Santa D’Costa (his new name) and asked him to cover for him. Santa told him he wouldn’t know what to say, but the priest told him to stay with him for a little while and learn what to do.
Santa joined the priest and then followed him into the confessional. A few minutes later a woman came in and said “Father, forgive me for I have sinned”
Priest: “What did you do?”
Woman: ” I committed adultery”
Priest: “How many times?”
Woman: “Three times”
Priest: “Say Two Hail Marys, put $ 5.00 in the charity box, and sin no more.”
A few minutes later a man entered the confessional.
He said “Father, forgive me for I have sinned”
Priest: “What did you do?”
Man: “I committed adultery”
Priest: “How many times?”
Man: “Three times”
Priest: “Say two Hail Marys, put $ 5.00 in the charity box, and sin no more”
Santa, a quick learner, told the priest that he has understood the job and the priest could leave. Santa D’costa was now alone.
A few minutes later another woman entered and said “Father, forgive me for I have sinned”
Santa: “What did you do?”
Woman: “I committed adultery”
Santa: “How many times?”
Santa: “Go do it two more times, we have a special offer this week, three times for $ 5.00”.
(contributed by : guest on 20.04.2011 )Fed up with people making fun of him, Santa Singh decided to change his religion. He joined a priest in a church as his assistant. One day the priest was called away for an emergency. Not wanting to leave the confessional unattended, he called Santa D’Costa (his new name) and asked him to cover for ...
The history of India begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from about 500,000 years ago. The Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE, was the first major civilization in India. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture developed in the Mature Harappan period, from 2600 to 1900 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization collapsed before the end of the second millennium BCE and was followed by the Iron Age Vedic Civilization, which extended over much of the Indo-Gangetic plain and which witnessed the rise of major polities known as the Mahajanapadas. In one of these kingdoms, Magadha, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born in the 6th or 5th century BCE and propagated their śramanic philosophies.
Almost all of the subcontinent was conquered by the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. It subsequently became fragmented, with various parts ruled by numerous Middle kingdoms for the next 1,500 years. This is known as the classical period of Indian history, during which India has sometimes been estimated to have had the largest economy of the ancient and medieval world, controlling between one third and one fourth of the world’s wealth up to the 18th century.
Much of northern and central India was once again united in the 4th century CE, and remained so for two centuries thereafter, under the Gupta Empire. This period, witnessing a Hindu religious and intellectual resurgence, is known among its admirers as the “Golden Age of India“. During the same time, and for several centuries afterwards, southern India, under the rule of the Chalukyas, Cholas, Pallavas, and Pandyas, experienced its own golden age. During this period, aspects of Indian civilization, administration, culture, and religion (Hinduism and Buddhism) spread to much of Asia.
The southern state of Kerala had maritime business links with the Roman Empire from around 77 CE. Islam was introduced in Kerala through this route by Muslim traders. Muslim rule in the subcontinent began in 712 CE when the Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh and Multan in southern Punjab in modern day Pakistan, setting the stage for several successive invasions from Central Asia between the 10th and 15th centuries CE, leading to the formation of Muslim empires in the Indian subcontinent such as the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire.
Mughal rule came from Central Asia to cover most of the northern parts of the subcontinent. Mughal rulers introduced Central Asian art and architecture to India. In addition to the Mughals and various Rajput kingdoms, several independent Hindu states, such as the Vijayanagara Empire, the Maratha Empire, and the Ahom Kingdom, flourished contemporaneously in southern, western, and northeastern India respectively. The Mughal Empire suffered a gradual decline in the early 18th century, which provided opportunities for the Afghans, Balochis, Sikhs, and Marathas to exercise control over large areas in the northwest of the subcontinent until the British East India Company gained ascendancy over South Asia.
Beginning in the mid-18th century and over the next century, India was gradually annexed by the British East India Company. Dissatisfaction with Company rule led to the Indian Rebellion of 1857, after which India was directly administered by the British Crown and witnessed a period of both rapid development of infrastructure and economic decline. During the first half of the 20th century, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched by the Indian National Congress and later joined by the Muslim League. The subcontinent gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, after being partitioned into the dominions of India and Pakistan.
(source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_India)The history of India begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from about 500,000 years ago. The Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE, was the ...
Stop living with daily back pain and start taking action to relieve your back pain for good
by The Healthy Back Institute
Back pain is such an obvious problem in our day-to-day lives that we either let it get the best of us, take way too many over-the-counter pain or anti-inflammatory pills, or run to the doctor for physical therapy or surgery. And you know the pain or spasm is coming (or going to get worse than it already is), because you had a stressful day at work or you lifted too many boxes or pull a weed the wrong way from your beautiful garden.
The good news is that suffering back pain need not be a part of your daily routine. All you need to do is engage in a few easy exercises to loosen up and restore proper posture, and your back will be supple in no time.
You don’t need a personal trainer or a gym membership, or even a lot of space to do them. And these three simple exercises should always be your first line of “therapy” when you feel a twinge of discomfort… and certainly long before you reach for the pain relievers or muscles relaxants. A few relaxed sets of each of these exercises can immediately make you feel better, and prevent a needless trip to the doctor.
These simple exercises are knee bends, waist twists and hip rolls. They are a great way to get the blood moving, release those feel-good endorphins, stretch the muscles, restore normal range of motion and help you detox those nasty toxins that cause pain and inflammation. These are the secrets to back pain relief — and prevention.
Since these simple exercises contract and extend the major muscle groups, including the core stabilizing muscles, you can do them anytime with varying degrees of difficulty. Simply adjust them as you get more accustomed to doing them.
Done regularly, these beneficial exercises will increase your health and fitness levels by promoting blood circulation and releasing muscle tightness and spasms, thus helping to tone your body. They will make you feel warmer and even help improve your digestive health as they assist the action of your intestines to move the bowels and aid in the detoxification process.
Detoxing is important when considering pain, as toxins (metabolic waste) in the blood and muscles creates inflammation and pain.
Let’s now look at how easy it is to do these three simple back pain relief exercises:
Exercise 1 — Hip Rolls:
Stand back away from your support and stand with legs at shoulder-width apart.
Tighten your abdominal muscles and put your hands on your hips.
Imagine you have a hula hoop, or are doing the hula, and rotate your hips clockwise 5 times, then rotate them counter-clockwise 5 times.
Be sure to relax and smile and breathe naturally with this exercise.
Exercise 2 — Waist Twists:
With your hands relaxed at your sides and with feet a shoulder-width apart, simply start swinging your arms right then left, patting both hands on your lower back as they reach around.
This will massage the kidneys. Be sure not to swing or pat too hard, just in a relaxed easy motion! Breathe naturally and relax.
Simply do a count of 10, and then relax. Then move onto the next exercise.
Exercise 3 — Knee Bends:
Do some gentle, relaxed knee bends. If you have knee or back issues it is best to do them with the assistance of a chair, table or desk.
Stand in a relaxed shoulder-width position and place your hands on the support. Tighten your stomach muscles and exhale while bending your knees and going down as far as you can without falling or straining your knees. Inhale while standing up. Do 10 of these to finish this quick exercise circuit.
The complete series of these three simple exercises only takes about two minutes to complete. Initially, try to do the exercises three times each day.
So take an exercise break at work instead of a coffee or cigarette break! You’ll be delighted on how good your low back will start to feel over time.
(source : http://www.truthaboutabs.com/back-pain-relief-exercises.html )
- 1.) After getting up in the morning, sit outside in light for minimum 15 minutes.
2.) Avoid ginger tea in the morning. It may cause skin diseases like pimples on face, itching and weak the heart.
3 ) Tulsi in the tea is the best for healthy life.
3.) Have only Light eye wash in the morning. Avoid heavy eye wash.
4.) Take fruits in breakfast with food only. Only fruits without food causes cold and sinus.
5.) Boiled milk with bread or biscuit for children gives a good health.
6.) For best health results, water drying fruits like Banana, Apple, Papaya, Cheeku should be taken with Citrus fruits – Orange / Pornegrenate. Alternately drink lime water or tea.
7.) Ajvain, Black Chilli, Black salt should not be taken much, it causes skin diseases.
8.) We should not eat small things kept at home like biscuits or namkeen. After eating them we should always take milk or tea. No water should be taken, it can cause Acidity or Gas.
9.) In Lunch / food should have vegetables. If we do not have them curd or milk should be always taken.
10.) Always we should take medicine after taking good food. One slice of bread or chapaati with milk should be taken but not just one biscuit.
11.) In fever, cold or cough we should not eat moong dal or khichdi. If this khichdi will be cooked with porridge then the disease will be cured fast.
12.) In fever or cough the fruits should be used little.
13.) If throat infection occurs hot water should be taken. Salt should not be taken and while eating at that time milk bread should be used.
14.) Take curd when eating Maithee, Spinach. This helps in good digestion else it may promote piles.
15.) The vegetables with tari (curry – liquid) helps in reducing heart diseases. Use only fresh Atta (flour). Avoid use of dry vegetables.
16.) Kidney Disease – Use of artifical colours causes kidney diseases. Avoid medicines with empty stomach.
17.) Some people think we should not drink water after eating food. We should drink water to avoid constipation and warming of blood.
18.) Today there are many reasons for Blood Pressure. Avoid use of eatables kept over night and refrigerated eatables. Avoid previous night’s flour and use of dry vegetables in case of high Blood Pressure.
19.) Moong Dhuli Dal is cause for Gas trouble. To avoid Gas, take Moong Dhuli Dal with some vegetables or potatoes.
20.) Use of Apple’s Murabba in the morning is very good for health. Avoid Amla ka Murabba in the morning. Take sour eatables things in the afternoon or evening to reduce Joints pain. For Slimming take lime water after lunch or dinner. Use of Lime water in the morning may cause Arthritis.
21.) Ladies with empty stomach or late breakfast may like washing clothes. Today ladies do their breakfast very late (and say first let me finish all the work then I will eat breakfast ) It will cause back pain, neck pain and arthritis. So it is better to eat something in the morning to keep away these diseases.
22.) Junk Foods like Chowmein, Burger, Pizza may be taken with soup, tea or juice. But It may cause Pimples, Dandruff or Acidity. Water is best for easy digestion.
23.) Curd milk or salted lassi, Raddish salad are good for digestion with feast (heavy food).
24.) Avoid refrigerated chutney. It may cause thyroid pain. Eat fresh chutney.
25.) Cancer can be avoided with use of fresh eatables. Avoid refrigerated eatables.
In cough, fever, cold, headache, throat pain avoid use of curd.
Don’t watch TV while eating.
Walk fast in morning and slowly in evening.
Eat heavy breakfast
Pain in ankle is due to the use of dry vegetables eat more vegetables tari (curry).
(contributed by :- Dr. Rakesh Chand Garg, Homeopathic Doctor, KH-89,Kavi Nagar, Ghaziabad,Ph. 4101721, Mobile – 9211610408)