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Thanjavur (Tamil: தஞ்சாவூர் (tañcāvūr))’, formerly Tanjore, is a municipality and the headquarters of the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The name Thanjavur is derived from “Tanjan”, a legendary asura in Hindu mythology. Thanjavur is one of the ancient cities in India and has a long and varied history dating back to the Sangam period. The town was founded by Mutharayar king Swaran Maran and rose to prominence during the rule of the Later Cholas when it served as the capital of the Chola empire. After the fall of the Cholas, the city was ruled by various dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and British. It has been a part of independent India since 1947.
Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian art and architecture. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments are located in and around Thanjavur. The foremost among the Great Living Chola temples, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the center of the city. Thanjavur is also the home of the Tanjore painting, a painting style unique to the region. The city is an important agricultural center located at the heart of the region, known as the Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu. South Zone Culture Centre in Thanjavur is one of many regional cultural centres established by Indian Government to preserve and promote traditional cultural heritage of India. It had a population of a 2,21,190 in 2001.
Thanjavur is well-connected by roads and railways with other parts of India and with cities and towns in Tamil Nadu. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport located at a distance of 56 kilometres. The nearest seaport is Nagapattinam which is 84 kilometres (52 mi) from Thanjavur.
There are no references to Thanjavur in any of the Sangam period records though some scholars believe that the city has been existing since then. Kovil Venni, situated at a distance of 15 miles to the east of Thanjavur, was the site of the Battle of Venni between Karikala and a confederacy of the Cheras and the Pandyas. The Cholas seemed to have faced an invasion of the Kalabhras in the 3rd century AD after which the kingdom faded into obscurity. The region around the present-day Thanjavur was conquered by the Mutharayars in the 6th century CE and ruled up to 849 AD.
Geography and climate
It is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 kilometres (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 kilometres (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. Though most of Thanjavur district is a level plain watered by the Kaveri and tributaries, the taluk of Thanjavur is made up mostly of barren uplands sloping towards the east. To the south of Thanjavur town, is the Vallam tableland, a small plateau insterspersed at regular intervals by ridges of sandstone. The nearest seaport in Nagapattinam which is 84 kilometres (52 mi) east of Thanjavur. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport located at a distance of 56 kilometres. The town has an elevation of 57 metres above mean sea level. The total area of the city is 36 km2.
The urban agglomeration encompasses Vallam to Mariamman Koil (west – east) and Vayalur to the Air Force Station (north-south) for an area of about 100 km2.
(source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanjavur)Thanjavur (Tamil: தஞ்சாவூர் (tañcāvūr))’, formerly Tanjore, is a municipality and the headquarters of the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The name Thanjavur is derived from “Tanjan”, a legendary asura in Hindu mythology. Thanjavur is one of the ancient cities in India and has a long and varied history dating back to ...
The fir tree has a long association with Christianity, it began in Germany almost 1,000 years ago when St Boniface, who converted the German people to Christianity, was said to have come across a group of pagans worshipping an oak tree. In anger, St Boniface is said to have cut down the oak tree and to his amazement a young fir tree sprung up from the roots of the oak tree. St Boniface took this as a sign of the Christian faith. But it was not until the 16th century that fir trees were brought indoors at Christmas time.
CHRISTMAS TREE TRADITION HAS ANCIENT ORIGINS
King Tut never saw a Christmas tree, but he would have understood the tradition which traces back long before the first Christmas, says David Robson, Extension Educator, Horticulture with the Springfield Extension Center.
The Egyptians were part of a long line of cultures that treasured and worshipped evergreens. When the winter solstice arrive, they brought green date palm leaves into their homes to symbolize life’s triumph over death.
The Romans celebrated the winter solstice with a fest called Saturnalia in honor of Saturnus, the god of agriculture. They decorated their houses with greens and lights and exchanged gifts. They gave coins for prosperity, pastries for happiness, and lamps to light one’s journey through life.
Centuries ago in Great Britain, woods priests called Druids used evergreens during mysterious winter solstice rituals. The Druids used holly and mistletoe as symbols of eternal life, and place evergreen branches over doors to keep away evil spirits.
Late in the Middle Ages, Germans and Scandinavians placed evergreen trees inside their homes or just outside their doors to show their hope in the forthcoming spring. Our modern Christmas tree evolved from these early traditions.
Legend has it that Martin Luther began the tradition of decorating trees to celebrate Christmas. One crisp Christmas Eve, about the year 1500, he was walking through snow-covered woods and was struck by the beauty of a group of small evergreens. Their branches, dusted with snow, shimmered in the moonlight. When he got home, he set up a little fir tree indoors so he could share this story with his children. He decorated it with candles, which he lighted in honor of Christ’s birth.
The Christmas tree tradition most likely came to the United States with Hessian troops during the American Revolution, or with German immigrants to Pennsylvania and Ohio, adds Robson.
But the custom spread slowly. The Puritans banned Christmas in New England. Even as late as 1851, a Cleveland minister nearly lost his job because he allowed a tree in his church. Schools in Boston stayed open on Christmas Day through 1870, and sometimes expelled students who stayed home.
The Christmas tree market was born in 1851 when Catskill farmer Mark Carr hauled two ox sleds of evergreens into New York City and sold them all. By 1900, one in five American families had a Christmas tree, and 20 years later, the custom was nearly universal.
Christmas tree farms sprang up during the depression. Nurserymen couldn’t sell their evergreens for landscaping, so they cut them for Christmas trees. Cultivated trees were preferred because they have a more symmetrical shape then wild ones.
Six species account for about 90 percent of the nation’s Christmas tree trade. Scotch pine ranks first, comprising about 40 percent of the market, followed by Douglas fir which accounts for about 35 percent. The other big sellers are noble fir, white pine, balsam fir and white spruce.
Premission was granted for Internet use by — Written by: David Robson, Extension Educator, Horticulture; Springfield Extension Center
CHRISTMAS TREE HISTORY
Did a celebration around a Christmas tree on a bitter cold Christmas Eve at Trenton, New Jersey, turn the tide for Colonial forces in 1776? According to legend, Hessian mercenaries were so reminded of home by a candlelit evergreen tree that they abandoned their guardposts to eat, drink and be merry. Washington attacked that night and defeated them.
The Christmas tree has gone through a long process of development rich in many legends, says David Robson, Extension Educator, Horticulture, with the Springfield Extension Center.
Some historians trace the lighted Christmas tree to Martin Luther. He attached lighted candles to a small evergreen tree, trying to simulate the reflections of the starlit heaven — the heaven that looked down over Bethlehem on the first Christmas Eve.
Until about 1700, the use of Christmas trees appears to have been confined to the Rhine River District. From 1700 on, when lights were accepted as part of the decorations, the Christmas tree was well on its way to becoming a tradition in Germany. Then the tradition crossed the Atlantic with the Hessian soldiers.
Some people trace the origin of the Christmas tree to an earlier period. Even before the Christian era, trees and boughs were used for ceremonials. Egyptians, in celebrating the winter solstice — the shortest day of the year — brought green date palms into their homes as a symbol of “life triumphant over death”. When the Romans observed the feast of saturn, part of the ceremony was the raising of an evergreen bough. The early Scandinavians were said to have paid homage to the fir tree.
To the Druids, sprigs of evergreen holly in the house meant eternal life; while to the Norsemen, they symbolized the revival of the sun god Balder. To those inclined toward superstition, branches of evergreens placed over the door kept out witches, ghosts, evil spirits and the like.
This use does not mean that our Christmas tree custom evolved solely from paganism, any more than did some of the present-day use of sighed in various religious rituals.
Trees and branches can be made purposeful as well as symbolic. The Christmas tree is a symbol of a living Christmas spirit and brings into our lives a pleasant aroma of the forest. The fact that balsam fir twigs, more than any other evergreen twigs, resemble crosses may have had much to do with the early popularity of balsam fir used as Christmas trees.
(source:http://www.christmas-tree.com/where.html)The fir tree has a long association with Christianity, it began in Germany almost 1,000 years ago when St Boniface, who converted the German people to Christianity, was said to have come across a group of pagans worshipping an oak tree. In anger, St Boniface is said to have cut down the oak tree and ...
This cat that’s trying to suffocate the other cat
This rude monkey that won’t stop harassing this dog
This bird who didn’t even ASK if he could have that wallaby’s food
This jerk cat who won’t let the dog in
This bullying goat
This dog that totally just stole that other dog’s treat
This one Dog who uses his cone to be selfish
This damn raccoon that won’t just leave this cat ALONE
That asshole dolphin that punched that other dolphin
[Contributed by: Chetan Bhatt on 05/03/2013 ]This cat that’s trying to suffocate the other cat This rude monkey that won’t stop harassing this dog This bird who didn’t even ASK if he could have that wallaby’s food This jerk cat who won’t let the dog in This bullying goat This dog that totally just stole that other dog’s treat This one Dog who uses his cone to ...
In human body heart is a strong muscle and its work is to pump the blood around the body. For this these muscles need oxygen to work. When these muscles get improper oxygen it cause a heart attack.
In past few years it had seen that young people have not been prone to heart disease.
Heart disease is a sickness, which is generally for older people. But times are truly changing and more and more young adults today are now on high risk of having heart problems and the main reason behind that is high cholesterol.
Now a day it is seen that the rate of young people with high cholesterol level, high blood pressure and on the risk of heart attack is increasing very fast. The main reason behind that is the way technology changed the way people pace their lives, there is less and less motive for a person to even stand up and walk around for work.
People are spending their time in just sitting in front of the desk 8 hours a day. The number of individuals having car has increased so you no longer have to walk or ride a bike for you have your own car where you can stay relaxed while driving home.
The same position is there at your home also as you have a very comfortable bed waiting for you. People like to spend their time in watching television rather than to have some walk. And along with all that the modern medications are focusing away from what really matters such as the protective actions of exercise and proper diet.
Lots of information buddy, so whats the solution? The solution to prevent heart diseases has hidden in our self. People just have to take a time out to focus on their health each day or even just a few days within the week. It will greatly decrease their chance of heart disease.
The main reason behind heart disease is normally caused by obesity, high blood pressure and high level of cholesterol. You just need to burn those fats, in order to turn away from those heart problem-causing agents.
(Source : http://www.healthcureguide.com/ArticleDetails.aspx?artID=40)In human body heart is a strong muscle and its work is to pump the blood around the body. For this these muscles need oxygen to work. When these muscles get improper oxygen it cause a heart attack. In past few years it had seen that young people have not been prone to heart disease. Heart disease ...
Botanical Name:-Pandanus Amaryllifolius (syn:Pandanus Odorus
Common Name:-Fragnant pandan,Fragnant Screwpine,
Pandan leaves,Daun pandan (Malaysia/Indonesia), Bai toey (Thailand)
Family name :-Pandanacea (screwpine family)
Origin :-Probably originated from Mollucas, Indonesia.
Widely cultivated in tropical Asia namely Sri Lanka,Thailand,Vietnam,Indonesia,Malaysia, Philippines.
Plant type :-Indoor and outdoor foliage or shrub;fragnant herb plant.
Features :-Pandanus amaryllifolius, the only species with fragnant leaves of the genus, Pandanus, grows between 0.5 to 1 m but can reach up to 2 m in height. As the perennial plant ages and lower leaves are trimmed for culinary purposes, it becomes top-heavy and produces aerial roots and stilt roots to support itself from falling.
Foliage is green with slender leaves that are lush-green and smmoth-edged measuring roughly 30-50 cm long.Their leaves have a
depressed center running from the axis outward and gradually flatten towards their tips. It produces suckers laterally and abundantly, if especially grown on the ground with good conditions and these can be used to propagate new plants.Sometimes, it does develop aerial plantlets too.
Pandan leaves consist of essential oils extracted by hydro distillation from leaves parts of pandan leaf. The major components in pandanus amary llifolius is 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline. But as in the present study pandan contains minor component which is cyclo heptasiloxane and cyclo hexasiloxane.The yields of oil for pandanus amary llifolius were 3.76%. Pandanus leaves contain volatile oil which repels cockroaches and vermin.The active principals are mainly terpenes and sesquiterpene (6-42%).
– Pandanus amaryllifolius repels cockroaches.
– Leaves of pandan are widely used for scenting foods such as rice, jellies or sweets.
– It is used to freshen the air for households.
– It is for diabetics patients.
– Used in closets and drawers to freshen the air.
(contributed by user gayathri kumal on 27.05.2011 )