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India is the birth place of four of the world’s major religious traditions; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Throughout its history, religion has been an important part of the country’s culture. Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by law and custom. A vast majority of Indians associate themselves with a religion.
According to the 2001 census, Hinduism accounted for 80.5% of the population of India. Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%) and Sikhism (1.9%) are the other major religions followed by the people of India. This diversity of religious belief systems existing in India today is a result of, besides existence and birth of native religions, assimilation and social integration of religions brought to the region by traders, travelers, immigrants, and even invaders and conquerors.
Zoroastrianism and Judaism also have an ancient history in India and each has several thousand Indian adherents. India has the largest population of people adhering to Zoroastrianism and Faith anywhere in the world. Many other world religions also have a relationship with Indian spirituality, like the Baha’i faith which recognizes Lord Buddha and Lord Krishna as manifestations of God Almighty.
Indian diaspora in the West have popularized many aspects of Hindu philosophy like yoga (meditation), Ayurvedic medicine, divination, vegetarianism, karma and reincarnation to a great extent.The influence of Indians abroad in spiritual matters has been significant as several organizations such as the Hare Krishna movement, the Brahma Kumaris, the Ananda Marga and others spread by Indian spiritual figures.
The Muslim population in India is the third largest in the world. The shrines of some of the most famous saints of Sufism like Moinuddin Chishti and Nizamuddin Auliya are in India and attract visitors from all over the world. India is also home to some of the most famous monuments of Islamic architecture like the Taj Mahal and the Qutb Minar. Civil matters related to the community are dealt with by the Muslim Personal Law, and constitutional amendments in 1985 established its primacy in family matters.
The Constitution of India declares the nation to be a secular republic that must uphold the right of citizens to freely worship and propagate any religion or faith (with activities subject to reasonable restrictions for the sake of morality, law and order, etc.). The Constitution of India also declares the right to freedom of religion as a fundamental right.
Citizens of India are generally tolerant of each other’s religions and retain a secular outlook, although inter-religious marriage is not widely practiced. Inter-community clashes have found little support in the social mainstream, and it is generally perceived that the causes of religious conflicts are political rather than ideological in nature.
(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_India)India is the birth place of four of the world’s major religious traditions; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Throughout its history, religion has been an important part of the country’s culture. Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by law and custom. A vast majority of Indians associate themselves with ...
NEW DELHI: The aliens have landed. They look strange, talk gibberish, and eat just about anything. And no, they are not Chinese.
These strange exotic creatures landed in the middle of Delhi’s India Gate and demanded to be taken to the king. Some folks immediately tried to book an appointment with Shah Rukh Khan but Don ko pakadna mushkil hi nahi namumkin hain.
One citizen approached the aliens and informed him that we only have a Queen of Italian origin. Perhaps they could speak to our PM provided they speak in sign language as our PM is a man of few words. Also, he is not fluent in Alien.
The aliens agreed and an entourage headed for the PM’s residence. It took them a while to reach due to traffic jams as some minister’s convoy was passing through. The PM welcomed them with folded hands and immediately asked them to push some FDI into the country.
The government tried to accord them a red carpet welcome but the plan was scrapped due to opposition from Mamata Banerjee who doesn’t like the colour red.
On being asked for the purpose of their visit, the alien spokesperson (or spokesalien if you prefer) said their choice of food was coal and they had heard the resource was freely available in India.
The PM appeared shocked at first. But showing remarkable composure and presence of mind he handled it the only way he could. He ordered an auction.
Meanwhile, the aliens were taken on a tour of the country. Like all foreign visitors, they made a beeline for the slums and snapped lots of pictures. One of them even wanted to book a plot in the area. Another person wanted to know what Rahul Gandhi was doing there.
They were also shown statues of Behen Mayawati. They recoiled with horror and some of them shielded their children’s eyes and later lodged a protest claiming India had violated the Geneva convention by subjecting them to such cruelty.
The leader of the entourage also had a meeting with the opposition leaders. He is said to have marveled at the posture of the species despite missing a spine.
They concluded the visit by praising Indian ministers’ love for coal and cash and showed a desire to replicate the famed Indian ability to reproduce at such an astounding rate.
(Contributed by : SN on 04.10.2012)NEW DELHI: The aliens have landed. They look strange, talk gibberish, and eat just about anything. And no, they are not Chinese. These strange exotic creatures landed in the middle of Delhi’s India Gate and demanded to be taken to the king. Some folks immediately tried to book an appointment with Shah Rukh Khan but Don ...
In a country where official systems set for food safety and prevention are constantly outdone by a booming adulteration business, the onus of safeguarding one’s family against contaminated food, unfortunately falls on citizens themselves. From loose packed ground spices, to wet produce such as milk, khoya, paneer, to dry spices and grains, almost everything you can buy might be adulterated, if purchased from an unauthorized vendor in a box unmarked and untested by either Agmark or ISI. While some of these could be less harmful, such as water or bran, chemicals and colouring agents such as metanil yellow, lead chromate, sudan red III, are known to be carcinogenic.
The chairman of the Consumer Guidence Society of India, Dr Sitaram Dixit, lists a few commonly used food items, and suggests simple home tests to check for their most common adulterants. In case the test asks for the presence of an acid, you could use common toilet-cleaning acid, or easily found citric acid or even lemon juice.
1.) Turmeric Dals and Pulses such as Moong or Channa
Adulterant :- Metanil Yellow and Kesari Dal (added to enhance the yellow colour of a food substance).
Test :- Dissolve half a spoon full a Besan or Turmeric powder in 20 ml of lukewarm water. Add a few drops of hudrochloric acid or any commonly available acid at home. If the water turns pink, violet or purple, it shows the presence of metanil yellow.
Harmful Effects :- It’s considered to be highly carcinogenic and if consumed over a continuous period of time, it can also stomach disorders.
2.) Green Chillies, Green Peas and Other Vegetables
Adulterant :- Malachite green (to accentuate the bright, glowing green colour of the vegetables).
Test :- Take a small portion of the sample and place it over a moistened white blotting paper. Coloured impressions on the blotting paper indicate the presence of Malachite green.
Harmful Effects :- It’s a coloured dye that has proven to be carcinogenic for humans if consumed over a long period of time.
3.) Mustard Seeds and Mustard Oil
Adulterant :- Argemone seeds (used to add bulk and weight).
Test :- When pressed or crushed, argemone seeds are white inside and have a rough outer surface whereas mustard seeds are smooth on the outside and are yellow on the inside.
Harmful Effects :- The consumption of these could cause epidemic dropsy and severe glaucoma. Young children and senior citizens with poor immunity are more susceptible to this.
4.) Paneer, Khoya, Condensed Milk and Milk
Adulterant :- Starch (used to give it a thick, rich texture).
Test :- Take a small sample of the product in a test tube, add 20 ml of water and bring to a boil. Cool to room temperature and add a drop or two of iodine solution. If the solution. If the solution turns blue, it clearly marks the presence of search.
Harmful Effects :- Unhygienic, unprocessed water and starch can cause stomach disorders. Starch greatly reduces the nutritional value of the ingredient.
5.) Ice Cream
Adulterant :- Washing powder (used to add a bright white sheen and lightness of flavour).
Test :- The best thing would be to squeeze a few drops of lemon juice on the ice cream. If it starts to froth and bubble, it marks the presence of washing powder.
Harmful Effects :- It can cause severe stomach and liver disorders.
6.) Black Pepper
Adulterant :- Papaya seeds (used to add bulk).
Test :- Float the sample in alcohol. Mature black pepper corns will automatically sink whereas papaya seeds will float to the surface.
Harmful Effects :- Very few people know that papaya seeds can actually cause serious liver problems and stomach disorders.
7.) Coffee Powder
Adulterant :- Tamarind seeds, chicory powder (used to add bulk and colour).
Test :- Gently sprinkle coffee powder on the surface of water in a glass. The coffee will float whereas chicory will start to sink within a few seconds. Also, the falling chicory powder will leave a trail of colour behind due to the large amounts of caramel it contains.
Harmful Effects:- These can cause diarhoea, stomach disorders, giddiness and severe joint pains.
(source: Times of India, New Delhi, Date – 23.01.2012)In a country where official systems set for food safety and prevention are constantly outdone by a booming adulteration business, the onus of safeguarding one’s family against contaminated food, unfortunately falls on citizens themselves. From loose packed ground spices, to wet produce such as milk, khoya, paneer, to dry spices and grains, almost everything you ...
Your wallet can be real pain for your back and the buttocks, and it can even lead to shooting pains down the legs. Sitting on a wallet for prolonged hours every day can compress sciatic nerve which passes beneath piriformis muscle and leads to piriformis syndrome, low back pain & self-inflicted sciatica. The wallet acts as a wedge that forces the pelvis, spine and body out of alignment. Just as you would not sit on a brief case or a rock for an extended period of time, you should not sit on your wallet. Anyone who drives more than a half hour sitting on a wallet, is a candidate for sciatica or back pain.
The healthiest option is to move the wallet to your front pocket. If it’s must to keep your wallet in your back pocket, you should remove it before you sit down.
(contributed by: Mohan Rao on 23.10.2011)Your wallet can be real pain for your back and the buttocks, and it can even lead to shooting pains down the legs. Sitting on a wallet for prolonged hours every day can compress sciatic nerve which passes beneath piriformis muscle and leads to piriformis syndrome, low back pain & self-inflicted sciatica. The wallet acts ...
The amount spent on on payasam, sadya and prasadam is enough to construct 5 medical colleges or 12 engineering colleges or 500 hospitals or 300 CBSE schools or a bank like Catholic Syrian Bank or 5 TV channels[In the old days, temples used to place of knowledge. Distributing—books, wisdom, history, food to the needy, poor, pilgrims & Sadhus alike.]Hyper-indulgence in rituals and edible items is costing the Hindu community dear. The expenditure incurred to run an average temple for 12 days is enough to run a church for a year and a mosque for a year and a half.The study is claimed to be the first-ever on the economics of Hindu temples in the state. It was carried out by a Hindu religious speaker, with the backing of the Sanathana Dharma Parishad, a conglomerate of 48 major Hindu organisations.The study says that all the 36,400 temples in the state together spend a minimum of Rs 10,408.42 crore annually (nearly matching the state’s annual plan) on a range of items from oil and coconuts and food items to fireworks and elephants.“The figure is highly conservative, arrived at by calculating the usage of such items in small rural temples,” said advocate S. Jayasooryan, a religious speaker who did the study.Though extravagant in matters of faith, the Hindus seem to possess negligible social concerns, the study notes. For instance, the money spent by all the temples annually (Rs 580 crore) on payasam, sadya and prasadam is enough to construct 5 medical colleges or 12 engineering colleges or 500 hospitals or 300 CBSE schools or a bank like Catholic Syrian Bank or 5 TV channels.The study says it is no wonder the Hindu community, which forms 56 per cent of the state’s population, owns only 2 per cent of the total schools, 17 per cent of the arts and science colleges, 21 per cent of B.Ed colleges and 8 per cent of engineering colleges.[Contributed by: User – Jaganathanmadhavan on 06/06/2013]