Let us Start
The Indian Army (IA, Devanāgarī: भारतीय थलसेना, Bhāratīya Thalasēnā) is the land based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. With about 1,100,000 soldiers in active service and about 960,000 reserve troops, the Indian Army is the world’s second largest standing volunteer army. Its primary mission is to ensure the national security and defence of the Republic of India from external aggression and threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders. It also conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances. The President of India serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the Army. The Chief of Army Staff (COAS), a General, is a four star commander and commands the army. There is typically never more than one serving general at any given time in the Army. Two officers have been conferred the rank of field marshal, a 5-star rank and the officer serves as the ceremonial chief.
The Indian Army came into being when India gained independence in 1947, and inherited most of the infrastructure of the British Indian Army that were located in post-partition India. It is a voluntary service and although a provision for military conscription exists in the Indian constitution, it has never been imposed. Since independence, the army has been involved in four wars with neighboring Pakistan and one with the People’s Republic of China. Other major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot and Operation Cactus. Apart from conflicts, the army has also been an active participant in United Nations peacekeeping missions.
Indian Army provides that “The Indian Army is the land component of the Indian Armed Forces which exists to uphold the ideals of the Constitution of India.” As a major component of national power, along with the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force, the roles of the Indian Army are as follows:
- Primary: Preserve national interests and safeguard sovereignty, territorial integrity and unity of India against any external threats by deterrence or by waging war.
- Secondary: Assist Government agencies to cope with ‘proxy war’ and other internal threats and provide aid to civil authority when requisitioned for the purpose.”
British Indian ArmyFurther information: List of regiments of the Indian Army (1903)
A Military Department was created in the Supreme Government of the East India Company at Kolkata in the year 1776, having the main function to sift and record orders relating to the Army issued by various Departments of the Government of the East India Company.
With the Charter Act of 1833, the Secretariat of the Government of the East India Company was reorganized into four Departments, including a Military Department. The army in the Presidencies of Bengal, Bombay & Madras functioned as respective Presidency Army until April 1895, when the Presidency Armies were unified into a single Indian Army. For administrative convenience, it was divided into four commands at that point of time, namely Punjab (including the North West Frontier), Bengal, Madras (including Burma) and Bombay (including Sind, Quetta and Aden).
The British Indian Army was a critical force in the primacy of the British Empire in both India, as well as across the world. Besides maintaining the internal security of the British Raj, the Army fought in theaters around the world – Anglo-Burmese Wars, First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars, First, Second and Third Anglo-Afghan Wars, First and Second Opium Wars in China, Abyssinia, Boxer Rebellion in China.
First World WarIndian Army personnel during Operation Crusader in Egypt, 1941.Main article: Indian Army during World War I
In the 20th century, the British Indian Army was a crucial adjunct to the British forces in both the World Wars.
1.3 million Indian soldiers served in World War I (1914–1918) for the Allies after the United Kingdom made vague promises of self-governance to the Indian National Congress for its support. Britain reneged on its promises after the war, following which the Indian Independence movement gained strength. 74,187 Indian troops were killed or missing in action in the war.
The “Indianisation” of the British Indian Army began with the formation of the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College at Dehradun in March 1912 with the purpose of providing education to the scions of aristocratic and well to do Indian families and to prepare selected Indian boys for admission into the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. Indian officers given a King’s commission after passing out were posted to one of the eight units selected for Indianisation. Political pressure due to the slow pace of Indianisation, just 69 officers being commissioned between 1918 and 1932, led to the formation of the Indian Military Academy in 1932 and greater numbers of officers of Indian origin being commissioned.
Second World War
In World War II (1939–1945), 2.58 million Indian soldiers fought for the Allies. In 1939, British officials had no plan for expansion and training of Indian forces, which comprised about 130,000 men. (In addition there were 44,000 men in British units in India in 1939.) Their mission was internal security and defense against a possible Russian threat through Afghanistan. As the war progressed, the size and role of the Indian Army expanded dramatically, and troops were sent to battle fronts as soon as possible. The most serious problem was lack of equipment.
Indian units served in Burma, where in 1944-45 five Indian divisions were engaged along with one British and three African divisions. Even larger numbers operated in the Middle East. Some 87,000 Indian soldiers died in the war. On the opposing side, an Indian National Army was formed under Japanese control, but had little effect on the war.
Upon independence and the subsequent Partition of India in 1947, four of the ten Gurkha regiments were transferred to the British Army. The rest of the British Indian Army was divided between the newly created nations of Republic of India and Republic of Pakistan. The Punjab Boundary Force, which had been formed to help police the Punjab during the partition period, was disbanded, and Headquarters Delhi and East Punjab Command was formed to administer the area.
(source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Army)The Indian Army (IA, Devanāgarī: भारतीय थलसेना, Bhāratīya Thalasēnā) is the land based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. With about 1,100,000 soldiers in active service and about 960,000 reserve troops, the Indian Army is the world’s second largest standing volunteer army. Its primary mission is to ensure the national security ...
- Bill Clinton’s autobiography and “The Titanic” —a comparison of the two booksStudents at a local school were assigned to read two books,‘Titanic’ by James Cameron & ‘My Life’ by Bill Clinton.One student turned in the following book report, with the proposition that they were nearly identical stories!His cool professor gave him an A+ for this report.Titanic: cost – $29.99Clinton : cost – $29.99Titanic: Over 3 hours to readClinton : Over 3 hours to readTitanic: The story of Jack and Rose, their forbidden love, and subsequent catastrophe.Clinton : The story of Bill and Monica, their forbidden love, and subsequent catastrophe.Titanic: Jack is a starving artist.Clinton : Bill is a bullshit artist.Titanic: In one scene, Jack enjoys a good cigar.Clinton : Ditto for MonicaTitanic: During the ordeal, Rose’s dress gets ruined.Clinton : Ditto for Monica.Titanic: Jack teaches Rose to spit.Clinton : Let’s not go there.Titanic: Rose gets to keep her jewelryClinton : Monica is forced to return her gifts.Titanic: Rose remembers Jack for the rest of her life.Clinton : Clinton remembers Monica for the rest of his life.Titanic: Rose goes down on a vessel full of seamen.Clinton : Monica…ooh, let’s not go there, either..Titanic: Jack surrenders to an icy death.Clinton : Bill goes home to Hilary – basically the same thing.(contributed by: sn on 08.12.2012)
Banta was bragging to his boss one day,” You know, I know everyone there is to know. Just name someone, anyone, and I know them.
” Tired of his boasting, his boss called his bluff, “. OK, Banta how about Tom Cruise?” . “Sure, yes, Tom and I are old friends, and I can prove it.” So Banta and his boss fly out to Hollywood and knock on Tom Cruise’s door, and sure enough, Tom Cruise, shouts, “Banta! Great to see you! You and your friend come right in and join me for lunch!”
Although impressed, Banta’s boss is still skeptical. After they leave Cruise’s house, he tells Banta that he thinks Banta knowing Cruise was just lucky.
“No, no, just name anyone else,” Banta says.
“President Bush,” his boss quickly retorts. “Yes,” Banta says, “I know him, let’s fly out to Washington.” At the White House, Bush spots Banta on the tour and motions him and his boss over, saying, “Banta, what a surprise, I was just on my way to a meeting, but you and your friend come on in and have a cup of coffee first.” Well, the boss is very shaken by now, but still not totally convinced.
After they leave the White House, he expresses his doubts to Banta, who again implores him to name anyone else. “The Pope,” his boss replies. “Sure!” says Banta. “My folks are from Poland, and I have known the Pope a long time.” So they fly to Rome.
Banta and his boss are assembled with the masses in Vatican Square when Banta says, “This will never work. I cannot catch the Pope’s eye among all these people. Tell you what, I know all the guards so let me just go upstairs and I will come out on the balcony with the Pope.” And he disappears into the crowd headed toward the Vatican.
Sure enough, half an hour later Banta emerges with the Pope on the balcony. But by the time Banta returns, he finds that his boss has had a heart attack and is surrounded by paramedics. Working his way to his boss’s side, Banta asks him, “What happened?” His boss looks up and says,” I was doing fine until you and the Pope came out on the balcony and the man next to me said, “Who is that on the balcony with Banta?”
(contributed by : Megha Bamba on 24.02.2011)
Banta was bragging to his boss one day,” You know, I know everyone there is to know. Just name someone, anyone, and I know them. ” Tired of his boasting, his boss called his bluff, “. OK, Banta how about Tom Cruise?” . “Sure, yes, Tom and I are old friends, and I can prove it.” ...
My mother said to do my chores, to dust the shelves and mop the floors, and wipe the walls and wind the clocks, and scoop the kitty’s litter box, and walk the dog and feed the fishes, and wash and dry the dirty dishes, and clean my room and take a bath, and read …Read More(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)