Enjoy light reading



  • Story behind Taj Mahal

    We know TAJ MAHAL as a symbol of love But d other lesser known facts :

    1. Mumtaz was Shahjahan’s 4th wife, out of his 7 wives (great)

    2. Shah jahan killed Mumtaz’s husband to marry her (excellent)

    3. Mumtaz died in her 14th delivery (wow)

    4. He then married Mumtaz’s sister (amazing) Where d Hell is LOVE ???




      JAI HO ??????????????  


    AKBAR was called “GREAT” by Historians and SHIVAJI termed as the “MOUNTAIN RAT” by the same historians. How much GREAT AKBAR was seen in his NAVROSA conducted every POURNIMA day to draw beautiful ladies in to the Moghul garden – invitation sent in the name of QUEEN. There Akbar used to select His ‘bride’ for the night. AND where as SHIVAJI, was furious with his own General, for capturing a Muslim queen during a battle and sent her back with all the Honours. THIS IS THE CULTURE WE HOLD HIGH, BUT THE SECULARISTS & OTHERS SEE THAT WHAT AKBAR & OTHERS DID WAS GREAT.



    (contributed by: Mohan Rao on 18.08.2011)

  • Fun in September


    ” Fun in September”


    Kites fly at the former airport Berlin Tempelhof in Berlin, Germany, on September 22, 2012. The festival presents kites with a length up to 40 meters

    A paraglider competes on his ‘dragonfly’, on September 22, 2012 in Saint-Hilaire-du-Touvet, southeastern France, during the 39th edition of the Icare cup which runs until September 23.

    French matador ‘Sebastian Castella’ performs at the Maestranza Bullring in Sevilla, on September 22, 2012.

    Mexican Maria Jose Cristerna, known as ‘Vampire Woman’, Guinness World Record for being the woman with more changes in her body in America, poses for photographers at La Aurora Zoo, during the Latin American Extreme Unity Fest in Guatemala City on September 22, 2012.

    An artist performs in Luxlumina light performance during a festival of visual theatre in the centre of Sofia on September 22, 2012.

    Indian Hindu devotees pour milk onto idols of Hindu Gods Lord Krishna (L) and Radha (R) at a temple in Amritsar on September 23, 2012, on the occasion of the ‘Sri Radha Ashtami, or Radhashtami, which marks the birth of Radha, is a major festival celebrated by Lord Krishna devotees. Devotional songs and dances mark the celebrations of the festival all over northern India.

    Photo shows an overview by night of the Oktoberfest beer festival at the Theresienwiese in Munich, southern Germany, on September 22, 2012. This year’s edition of the world’s biggest beer festival Oktoberfest will run until October 7, 2012.




    (source : http://news.in.msn.com/gallery/best-of-september-in-pics#image=1)

  • United States – New Mexico

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    Gila cliff dwellings

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    Abo Ruins, south of Albuquerque, NM

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    Alamogordo Space Center and White Sands

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    Bisti wilderness area NM

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    Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument

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    [Contributed by: TUNA on 06/03/2013]

  • Lungs and other Breathing Problems

    Chemotherapy and breathing problems are sometimes related. The list of breathing problems potentially aggravated by chemotherapy includes: Bronchitis (acute and chronic), dyspnea (shortness of breath), pneumonia, pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis, and pulmonary toxicity.


    The lung is an organ found in your chest cavity. Each lung is divided into lobes. On the left side, you have the left upper- and the left lower- lobe. On the right side, there are 3 lobes: the right upper-, mid-, and lower lobe. A thin lining, called the pleura, surrounds the lobes of the lung.

    As you breathe, air moves down your windpipe (your trachea), through a tree-like structure called the bronchi.

    Near the end of the branches of the bronchi are the smaller bronchioles.
    At the end of the bronchioles are grape-like structures called alveoli, which open and close during normal breathing.
    The lung is sterile. Your immune system works hard to prevent foreign invaders from contaminating its environment.
    Anything that interrupts this system of respiration – including a blockage, such as a foreign body, infection, inflammation, scarring, or injury, or even some chemotherapy treatments – can cause you to experience breathing problems. This page includes lung problems that you may experience while you are undergoing treatment.


    Brochoscopy – Using a thin, flexible tube, called a bronchoscope, this procedure enables your doctor to look at the air passages to your lungs.
    If your breathing problems result in a bronchoscopy, your healthcare provider may perform a washing, or a lavage, to collect cells from your lungs.
    To wash or lavage the lungs, the specialist will put a small amount of saline solution down the tube. He or she will then remove the fluid, and examine the fluid for cells under the microscope.
    Also, if the examiner sees a suspicious finding, such as a tumor, or possible infection, he or she may take a sample (or biopsy) of the area for examination under the microscope.

    You may have a bronchoscopy if:
    Your doctor or healthcare provider suspects that there is a foreign body in your lungs
    Your breathing problems include coughing up blood
    There may be an abnormality in your lungs
    There is a growth or infection in your lungs or airways, which needs to be biopsied. This will help your healthcare provider determine the best treatment possible for you.
    You may be required to fast (not eat) after midnight the day of the exam. After your procedure, your jaw or throat may be a little sore.
    Your healthcare provider will give specific instructions to you before the procedure. Make sure to ask any questions before your test is performed.

    Chest X ray – This is a quick and painless procedure where a picture, or an x-ray, will be taken to look at the internal structures of your chest. The chest x-ray will look specifically at your lungs, heart, and ribs.
    This one-dimensional view may provide your healthcare provider with important information about what is happening inside your chest wall, and lung region.
    Chest x-rays may be done routinely, if your healthcare provider wants to “watch” a certain finding. It may also be done if you have symptoms of breathing problems, such as a prolonged cough, or chest pain.
    If your healthcare provider or doctor thinks there may be a suspicious finding, he or she may recommend that a more accurate test be done, such as a CAT scan.

    Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan – A CT Scan is often recommended to diagnose and identify chemotherapy-based breathing problems. This test is more specific than plain x-rays, as a computer takes x-rays of your chest, from different angles, to show a cross-sectional view of your chest and lungs. How it works:
    As you lie on a movable table, a scanner inside of a machine moves around you. X-rays are taken at different angles, as the computer records the pictures. The computer then puts the pictures in a specific order, so that the specialist can interpret the findings.
    Sometimes, you may be given a contrast (dye) solution, either taken by mouth (oral) or injected into a large vein (IV). This helps to improve the picture, and show any abnormalities as the dye passes through your body. Your doctor may want you to drink oral contrast if he or she wants to examine your abdomen or pelvis at the same time the chest is examined.
    You may be required to fast (not eat) after midnight the day of the exam. Your healthcare provider will give specific instructions to you.

    Lung Scan (Ventilation-Perfusion scan [VQ]) – Your doctor or healthcare provider will order this test if he or she suspects that you may have developed a blood clot in your lungs, called a pulmonary embolism (PE). You may have experienced shortness of breath, or chest discomfort, which may signify that a blood clot may be present.
    A radioactive dye is injected into your vein. A camera photographs how the blood is flowing through your lungs.
    If there is a blockage in the flow of blood, this may mean that you have a blood clot.
    If a blood clot is present, your doctor or healthcare provider may suggest that you be hospitalized so that you can receive a blood thinner in the vein (IV), and be closely monitored.

    Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) – If you experience breathing problems during chemotherapy, a pulmonary function test may be recommended. This test shows how well your lung function is. It may also be called spirometry. Your healthcare provider may order many tests, all done at once, which all show how well you are moving air through your lungs.

    You will be asked to blow into a tube (a spirometer), as forcefully as possible. This amount of air that you blow is then recorded. The machine will measure your:
    Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) – this is the maximum amount (in volume) of air that can be forcefully exhaled (blown out) with a single breath, which indicates the size of your lungs.
    Forced expiratory volume (FEV1) – This is the amount of air that is forcefully blown out of your lungs in one second.
    By looking at the ratio of FVC to FEV1, your healthcare provider may have an indication of your lung functioning. This may help to diagnose many short-term and long-term lung conditions.
    You may receive this exam if you are experiencing shortness of breath at rest, or when you perform certain activities. You may also receive this test if you are about to undergo a certain type of chemotherapy that may cause damage to your lungs.
    Sputum Culture – your doctor or healthcare provider will ask you to cough up a sample of your sputum or phlegm to send to the microbiology lab.
    is best to submit a sputum specimen in the early morning.
    Normal bacteria that are in your mouth may contaminate the sample, so it will be easier to see if lung bacteria are present following a deep cough.
    The bacteria that are present in your sample will help your healthcare provider determine the best treatment for you.

    Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained in this website is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.





  • Filmmakers Dust Off Hidden Typewriters

    Ernest Hemingway’s typewriter reeked of brandy and cigarettes. The top cover was missing. Family members told the collector who obtained the typewriter that Hemingway likely tore it off in frustration.

    “They said they would not be surprised the reason that cover was missing was because while he was trying to replace a ribbon, he got mad at the machine, ripped off the cover, and threw it,” said documentary filmmaker Gary Nicholson, citing Hemingway’s family members.

    Some have polished wood and glass keys, others are lined with silver and gold. Each typewriter is unique, with its own fingerprint, and each grows in character with every keystroke beneath the hands of the writer who wields it.

    Although they used to sit on the desk of every writer, typewriters have slowly faded into the liquid crystal glow of the computer age. In May 2010, Nicholson and filmmaker Christopher Lockett came across an article on Wired.com about the last generation of typewriter repairmen.

    The two decided to set out and find out whether the typewriter is really dead. This became the premise of their upcoming documentary film, “The Typewriter (In the 21st Century).”

    The answer to their question came quickly. “The typewriter is still around. It’s going to stay around for a very long time,” Nicholson said.

    What they found was a whole community of people who still use typewriters, from filmmakers and authors, to bloggers and programmers.

    “It’s definitely not dead,” Nicholson said. “It was really amazing how many people are still involved with typewriters, especially in this day and age.”

    Everyone has their reasons for turning to the old fashioned machines. Some writers use them because there are no distractions—no e-mail, no chatting on Facebook and Twitter. “A lot of people have told us it’s about slowing down,” Nicholson said. “It’s simple. It does one thing: it types.”

    Others just enjoy the feel of a typewriter. “They like the feel of the paper, and the smell of the ink, and that ‘tap, tap, tap,’” Nicholson said, adding that many writers believe the loud tap of a typewriter “gets their creative juices flowing, and without that they wouldn’t be able to really write.”

    Many others began their work on typewriters and simply never moved on to computers.

    They range from all walks of life. Some sit on street benches and type poetry for donations. Some typewriter users are better known, including Steven Spielberg, Tom Hanks, and Quentin Tarantino.

    Others are simply drawn to the craftsmanship and story each typewriter has to tell.

    Hemingway’s typewriter now rests in the home of Steve Soboroff, whose typewriter collection includes those once owned by the likes of John Lennon, Jack London, and Tennessee Williams.

    Soboroff is among the many typewriter collectors Nicholson came across while filming.

    “He collects the famous typewriters because for him it’s just fascinating that this person used this typewriter to do such amazing works of art—it’s what got them there,” Nicholson said.

    Nicholson and Lockett are still in the process of making their film. They submitted the project to fundraising website Kickstarter to pay for a trip to the East Coast and for the theatrical release.

    He hopes to get more on the high-tech typewriter crowd, including the inventor of the USB typewriter who sells a kit that makes typewriters usable as external keyboards for computers.

    Nicholson says even the person who holds the patent for Apple’s iPhone touch screen collects typewriters.

    The future of typewriters

    There are still a few typewriter manufacturers, but they mainly sell to prisons. Much like all forms of modern craftsmanship, today’s typewriters lack the class and feel of the old fashioned ones. Many are built with clear plastic so guards can ensure prisoners aren’t hiding contraband inside them.

    “In prisons they don’t allow them to use computers or the Internet. If they want to write letters, they can type on a typewriter,” Nicholson said.

    He adds that the Los Angeles county sheriff’s department, which is the largest in the United States, still uses typewriters. Police use them to type out 3×5 cards, and typing them out on a typewriter is faster than formatting the document sizes on a computer. “They’ve tried several times to get rid of them, but they still need typewriters to do their carbon copy forms,” Nicholson said.

    But as one street poet told Nicholson, the future of typewriters is going to rest on the younger generations.

    While talking about the film, Nicholson said he met some young people who never heard of typewriters, but he notes “I like to turn them on to typewriters … A couple people actually went out and bought typewriters since I told them about making the movie.”

    But there is also a growing movement around typewriters—fueled by crowd-based Internet shops like eBay and Craigslist.

    “The interesting thing is the younger generation that I’ve talked to has really picked up on typewriters,” Nicholson said, adding “A lot of it is the hipsters.”

    At the heart of it all though, what Nicholson and Lockett found is a timeless nature about typewriters that people are still drawn to.

    “If you and I have a laptop and that laptop gets old, we think nothing of throwing it away and getting a new one. A typewriter never really gets old. It may fall into disrepair, but it doesn’t really get old,” Nicholson said.

    He added, “I think the thing with technology now is it comes out so fast that we don’t actually have much time to appreciate it before something new comes out. Whereas with the typewriter, they’re really beautiful and they’re amazing works of art, and we have time to appreciate the things.”



    (source: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/technology/filmmakers-dust-off-hidden-world-of-typewriters-137016.html)

  • Life Fun


    Life is a mystery, Life is a secret.

    Live it free, Without any regret.

    After every dark night, There shines a sun.

    So forget your worries, And enjoy the fun





  • Tips that Lead to Happiness

    Are you truly happy? Do you even know what it means to be happy and what it takes to achieve happiness? These are important questions for anyone who is seeking happiness to ask themselves. I live my life to maintain my own happiness while trying my best to not cause unhappiness to anyone else. If you want to be happy you need to understand that you can be happy and that you should be happy. Many people make the mistake of believing that they don’t deserve happiness and accept their unhappy state as their destiny. The truth of the matter is that happiness, like anything else in life, needs to be nurtured. The following are a few tips that I follow to create happiness in my life.

    1. Understand what it is that will make you happy. Everyone has unique requirements for attaining happiness and what makes one person happy may be very different from what makes someone else happy. Revel in your individuality and do not worry about whether or not your desires are comparable to those of your peers.
    2. Make a plan for attaining goals that you believe will make you happy. Your mood will very likely increase as your pursue your goal because you will feel better about yourself for going after something you value.
    3. Surround yourself with happy people. It is easy to begin to think negatively when you are surrounded by people who think that way. Conversely, if you are around people who are happy their emotional state will be infectious.
    4. When something goes wrong try to figure out a solution instead of wallowing in self pity. Truly happy people don’t allow set backs to affect their mood because they know that with a little thought they can turn the circumstances back to their favor.
    5. Spend a few minutes each day thinking about the things that make you happy. These few minutes will give you the opportunity to focus on the positive things in your life and will lead you to continued happiness.
    6. It’s also important to take some time each day to do something nice for yourself. Whether you treat yourself to lunch, take a long, relaxing bath or simply spend a few extra minutes on your appearance you will be subconsciously putting yourself in a better mood.
    7. Finding the humor in situations can also lead to happiness. While there are times that require you to be serious, when it is appropriate, find a way to make light of a situation that would otherwise make you unhappy.
    8. Maintaining your health is another way to achieve happiness. Being overweight or not eating nutritious foods can have a negative effect on your mood. Additionally, exercise has been known to release endorphins that give you a feeling of happiness.
    9. Finally, it is important to understand that you deserve happiness. Those who believe that they are not worthy of happiness may subconsciously sabotage their efforts to achieve happiness. If necessary, tell yourself each day that you deserve to be happy and remind yourself what steps you will take to achieve the happiness you desire.

    Happiness is hard to define but most people are aware of whether they are happy or not. Many people believe that happiness is a form of luck and that some people are destined to be happy while others are destined to be unhappy. I try to incorporate the tips above into my life and have had great success in achieving happiness. The tips in this article are small but meaningful steps that you can take each day to lead you to true happiness.






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