Let us Start
Diamonds are hard to find but not hard to Break.
What is the hardest thing to break then?
The answer is: HABIT!
If you break the H, you still have A BIT.
If you break the A, you still have BIT.
If you break the B, you still have IT!
Hey, after you break the T in IT, there is still the ‘I’.
And that (I) is the root cause of all the problems.
Isn’t it right? – !
Now you know why HABIT is so hard to break….
Its destiny is in its name!
You think it is a frog and
I think it is a horse!
Wait for a while.
(contributed by: Mohan Rao on 03.11.2011)
In exhibitions of books, we notice children with extra-ordinary interests. Though adults pull the hands of the young angels, disallowing them to peep in each and every stall; invariably little boys and girls insist on seeing every article on display. Adults do not have interest to know the features of products but from the discussion among the young ones, we gauge how extra-ordinarily they have understood the nitty-gritty of technology. We were ashamed when we attended a class in modern programming languages of computer because the young brains were quicker in understanding the core concept of a problem and develop a program, just to solve it within no time.
What fascinates the children of India? –
It is a study that we began, delving into the depths of those innocent eyes. For a long period, we had the notion that children were only preoccupied either with the fantasies of comic books or money making. It was indeed awful to think that children of this sub-continent might be hooked to the idea of migrating to some foreign lands in search of livelihood and get settled there, as their parents have invariably done.
The youth of India today are more anxious about the right job search and in no case spare an opportunity to work in a wealthy foreign land, remaining devoted to the idea of permanent citizenships there. After a stint of some years, they begin referring to that distant place as their home-land and praise it with adjectives of being a place of liberty and opportunities.
We heaved a sigh of relief when we learned about the paean of love from the children for their motherland. Pat came the reply from one child, whom we asked that who his real idol was.
“He is APJ Abdul Kalam-the great scientist and the ex-president of our nation”- He replied without stopping in his single line expression. We were held in a thrall to know that philanthropists, dedicated scientists, spiritual heads, cricketers and sports persons, who have brought glory to India, still inspire our children.
(contributed by user srikant99 on 29.05.2011)
We passionately scribbled down few of the things, which motivate the future makers of our nation. Those are;
Cricket and Cricketers– Children have a very quick grasp on cricket. In India, Cricket has assumed the importance of the national religion. Children share the fervor of this game with unusual interest. You can know this if you watch a group of children playing this game. It becomes evident from their arguments that how much they are aware about the techniques of this game. They are very keen on knowing the profiles of their national and international cricketers. They are found to be the dedicated fans of cricketers. Most of the renowned cricketers of today used to be die-hard fans of their favorite cricketers during their childhood. In a nation with second largest population in the world, Cricket is the most preferred game because it is a challenging sport. It inspires the young minds to follow life with the zeal from Cricket.
Books– Books are second favorite of children. The magical charm of Huckleberry Finn, Alice in the wonderland and Harry potter helps them build up their own world of imagination. Despite the emerging trends from television and computer, books have so far remained an important medium for self-development. Indian epics like Mahabharat and Ramayana have retained their hold on the children for they love to learn from such readings.
Computer, internet and video-games- Computer education appeared in India only in the year 1989.With the passage of twenty two years, virtually it has taken the entire nation in its fold. Children have demonstrated amazing skills in computer languages. Internet has already become part of education of every kid in his school. Video-games are another attraction for the young children. In the exhibitions held in the schools, children show video-games prepared by them with skills from animation.
Science and technology– The old pattern of education is gone. Now there is a new awakening for education in Science. Children right from a very early age dream about a career in Science. Institutions, catering to related scientific studies are mush-rooming. Indian society is under transformation. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is the idol for all the future generations. In quiz competitions, we just marvel at the level of knowledge that children have acquired. Children talk about space, time and other achievements in technology.
Sports-When we talk about sports, it comes under two categories i.e. indoor and outdoor. Chess is a game and to our nation’s credit, we have many little champions. Teenagers have gone on to become world champions of their age-group. Sports like skating, badminton, tennis and martial arts have many world class winners among the children. It is true that due to poverty, many children are unable to take to sports but in most cases, children from average middle class families have become world-class players.
Music, dance, song and talent contents– A.R. Rahman is a world renowned musician. His Oscar winning feat in “Slum dog millionaire” has inspired children across every part of India. In the metros, children compete strongly for their chances in commercial ads and television has come up with a number of opportunities for children. Laughter shows, song competitions, dance competitions and other related talent competitions for children have won appreciation of viewers of Indian television across the world.
Spirituality– Western influence has not been able to break away children from their traditional spiritual roots. At every spiritual centre, we notice children taking important leads. Yoga, meditation and other related spiritual activities arouse the interest of children to a great extent. Indian kids have come to realize from the precepts of spirituality that the entire world is one family.
The Indian sages said the same in Sanskrit- “Vasudevam kutumbakam”.
- Reality of Life in our Country(contributed by amohanrao on Jan 25, 2011)
* Most ‘First Class’ students get technical seats, some become Doctors and some Engineers. * The ‘Second Class’ pass, pass MBA, become Administrators and control the ‘First Class’.* The ‘Third Class’ pass, enter politics and become Ministers and control both.* Last, but not the least, The ‘Failures’ join the underworld and control all the above.
This is Braj Bhumi – the land where Lord Krishna was born and spent his youth. Mathura and Vrindavan are still alive with the Krishna legend, and still sway in fascination to the tune of his flute. Mathura, otherwise a dusty hamlet on the bank of the river Yamuna, was transformed into a place of light after Krishna was born here. And Vrindavan stands apart in Indian mythology as the place where Krishna spent most of his childhood, serenading his gopis one moment, and slaying demons the next.Visit the area in August, and you’ll see Krishna fever at its peak, as countless Vaishnava pilgrims gather to relive the birth of the blue-skinned god. Romance, legend, even controversy (over Krishna’s actual birthplace)… these two cities have enough to last lesser locales for an eternity.
Mathura and Vrindavan History
The earliest known records of Mathura’s existence date back to more than 2500 years ago, even before Alexander’s time. The Buddha founded monasteries here, in what the Greeks later called Madoura ton Theon (Mathura of the Gods). The city first witnessed glory as the home of the Indo-Bactrian Kushans, and especially during the reign of Kanishka, who came to the throne in 78 AD.
Buddhism played an integral role in Mathura’s growth, and the Buddhist monasteries in the city received patronage from Emperor Ashoka, and mention from Ptolemy and those Chinese travellers Fahien (who visited between 401 and 410 AD) and Xuan Zhang (between 634-662 AD). Fahien reported that the city’s 20 monasteries were home to 3,000 Buddhist monks. By Xuan Zhang’s time, the number of inmates had dwindled to 2,000. Clearly, Buddhism in the region was on its way out.
Indeed, its death knell was sounded by Mahmud of Ghazni, who arrived from Afghanistan in 1017 to ravage the city’s Hindu and Buddhist shrines. In 1500, Sikander Lodi continued where Ghazni had left off, and not much later, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb razed the Kesava Deo temple, built on the site of an important Buddhist monastery, and installed a mosque in its place. The Afghan Ahmad Shah Abdali completed the carnage by torching Mathura in 1757.
Mathura is 141 km southwest of Delhi, 58 km northwest of Agra, and 218 km from Jaipur. Situated in Uttar Pradesh, it forms the nucleus of Brajbhoomi, or the land of Krishna. Vrindavan is situated approximately 11 km north of Mathura on the banks of the river Yamuna. Though originally revered as a tirtha or holy crossing place on the Yamuna, the town has slowly been separated from the river, and now 33 of its 38 ghats are without water.
How to Reach
The nearest airport is Kheria (Agra), which is about 62 km away. Delhi airport is 155 km away.
Mathura is on the main lines of both the Cental and Western Railways, and is connected with most of the important cities as well as the rest of the country, such as Delhi, Agra, Mumbai, Jaipur, Gwalior, Calcutta, Hyderabad, Chennai, Lucknow etc. The city’s principal railway station is about 4 km from Holi Gate and the old city.
Mathura is connected to all major cities via the National Highways. It is also serviced by the regular bus services of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana.
Mathura has two bus stands. The Old Bus stand located near Holi Gate has hourly buses to Agra and also links Mathura to Govardhan (25 west). The New Bus Stand is used to get to and from Delhi, Jaipur, Bharatpur and Deeg, and also for some Agra services.
Vrindavan is connected to Mathura and other places in Uttar Pradesh and the rest of the country by rail and bus services, and is directly linked by road to Agra. You can take a bus from Mathura to Vrindavan, or share a taxi or tempo (About Rs 70 per head; one-way).
Sights To Visit
The Shri Krishna Janmasthan Temple
This site marks the spot of Lord Krishna’s appearance. The original temple, the Kesava Deo temple, was plundered by Aurangzeb and replaced by a mosque. Communal tensions are still high, which means that security is tight. Visitors must make an entry of all their belongings (bags, cameras etc) at the cloakroom, pass through a metal detector, and be frisked. Amongst the souvenir shops inside you will find several small shrines. The main shrine, of course, is inconspicuous; a small, dimly lit replica of the prison cell where He was born while King Kamsa held his parents captive. The temple is open between 6am and noon, and between 3 pm and 8 pm. Barbed wire and armed guards separate the temple from the mosque lying alongside. The nearby sandstone stepped tank known as Potara Kund is revered as the place where the infant Krishna’s nappies were once washed.
The Jama Masjid
This is Mathura’s main mosque. It was built by Abd-un Nabir Khan in 1661. A colourful edifice on a plinth raised above street level, its teal domes add to the picturesque setting of Mathura’s bazaar and fruit market. It may have lost its original glazed tiles, but it has retained its four minarets and assorted outer pavilions. A good view of the goings-on in the dusty temple town.
The Government Museum
The rich treasures excavated by Cunningham, Growse and others form the highlight of this museum. Founded by the then district collector of Mathura Mr F S Growse in 1874, the original museum was housed in a beautifully carved and imposing stone building. However in 1930 they were shifted from there to their present residence.
The Museum houses by far the most significant collection from the Mathura school of sculpture (3rd century BC – 12th century AD, and representative of the early Indian, Indo-Scythian and visiting Hellenistic cultures) which reached its pinnacle under the Kushana and Gupta emperors. It contains some excellent specimens of the mottled red sandstone sculpture for which the region is noted. The star attractions: two immaculately preserved Buddha statues from the 4th and 5th centuries. There is also a rather informative library with books on a large variety of topics. The museum is open every day except Monday between 10 am and 5 pm. Admission is free, but you’ll have to pay a fee of Rs 20 if you wish to use your camera inside. Some galleries have been temporarily closed for renovation, but they will soon be functional.
This temple dedicated to Lord Krishna was built in 1814 by Seth Gokuldas Parekh, the then treasurer of the princely state of Gwalior, and is the main place of worship for the city’s Hindus. Its rich interiors are shown off to advantage when the late afternoon sun shines through its wire-mesh roof. The temple is open daily between 6 am and 12 pm, and 3.30 pm and 9 pm.
Of the 25 ghats in Mathura, Vishram Ghat is the most important. It is here that the traditional parikrama (a circumbulation of all the important religious and cultural places in a city) of the Mathura ghats begins and ends. This is where Lord Krishna is said to have rested after killing the evil king Kamsa. Hire a boat for a float on the river for Rs 20; you are likely to spot a turtle or two. There is an aarti in the morning at 4:45 am during the summer (5:15 am during winters) and in the evenings at 7:00 pm (winter) and 7:30 pm (summer).
A four-storeyed tower built by the son of Behari Mal of Jaipur in 1570 in remembrance of his mother’s supreme sacrifice: sati or self-immolation at the funeral pyre of her husband. Aurangzeb razed the upper storeys, but they were promptly rebuilt.
This once-splendid-now-ruined fort was constructed by Raja Man Singh of Amber. It was rebuilt by Emperor Akbar and Jai Singh of Jaipur set up an observatory here, but it has since disappeared.
Govind Dev Temple (Vrindavan)
This bulky red sandstone edifice, built by Raja Man Singh of Amber in 1590, is easily the most imposing structure in Vrindavan. Its name means divine cowherd, or, in other words, Lord Krishna. Architecturally one of the most significant Hindu temples in North India. Originally seven storeys high, but Aurangzeb knocked off the top four floors. You can admire its ornate mandapa, with open balconies on two floors, and elaborate columns. The mouldings and sculpture avoid depicting any human form.
Rangaji (Sri Ranganatha) Temple (Vrindavan)
Dates back to 1851. A bizarre melange of architectural styles: a Rajput entrance gate, a south Indian gopuram, an Italian-style colonnade. You might just pause at the entrance to take in the two electronic puppet shows depicting scenes from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Non-Hindus are not permitted into the central enclosure, which has a 15 m gold-plated pillar. Open daily 6 to 11 am and 4 to 9 pm in summer (6 to 12 pm and 3 to 9 pm in winter).
Banke Bihari Temple (Vrindavan)
Much younger than its other holy cousins, the Banke Bihari temple is nevertheless Vrindavan’s most popular one, and renowned for the floral decorations that adorn its deity. Watch a proper darshan, where the anxious waiting of fervent worshippers is rewarded by a momentary glimpse of their God. Stalls in the lane leading up to the temple dish out delicious lassis in bhands (unfired clay vessels). Open daily 9 am to 12 pm and 7 am to 12 pm in summer (10 am to 1 pm and 6 to 9 pm in winter). On Janmashtami, a mangala aarti takes place at this temple at 4 pm. On all festive occasions, there’s an hour-long special darshan at the temple.
Gita Mandir (Vrindavan)
This relatively new temple was built by one of India’s premier industrial clans, the Birlas. It houses the Gita stambh, a pillar with the entire Bhagwad Gita displayed on its surface. However, it is completely overshadowed by the presence of the outrageously-designed Pagal Baba Mandir just down the road.
Madan Mohan Temple (Vrindavan)
Built by Kapur Ram Das of Multan, and closely associated with the saint Chaitanya, this is the oldest existing temple in Vrindavan today. The original idol of Lord Madan Mohan was moved to Karauli in Rajasthan during Aurangzeb’s rule. Today, its replica is worshipped within the temple here.
Jaipur Temple (Vrindavan)
Richly adorned, and very opulent. Its fine-carved sandstone exterior was made possible by a grant from Sawai Madhav Singh, Maharaja of Jaipur, in 1917. It is dedicated to Shri Radha Madhav.
Shahji Temple (Vrindavan)
Designed and built in 1876 by Shah Kundan Lal, a Lucknowi jeweller. Acclaimed for its fine architecture and beautiful marble sculpture, the temple has twelve 15-ft spiral columns. The darbar hall, known as Basanti Kamra, boasts of Belgian glass chandeliers and numerous paintings.
Shri Krishna-Balram Temple (Vrindavan)
This is the work of the International Society for Shri Krishna Consciousness ISKCON. Its principal deities are Shri Krishna-Balram and Shri Radha-Shyam Sundar. Next to the temple is the white marble samadhi of Shri Prabhupada, the founder of the ISKCON sect.
Mirabai Ashram (Vrindavan)
There are several ‘widow houses’ in Vrindavan maintained by affluent devotees that provide sustenance for these unfortunates who look upon Lord Krishna as their only solace. Two thousand of them gather at the Mirabhai ashram twice a day, and their collective chorus as they chant bhajans can be a moving moment.
Seva Kunj (Vrindavan)
This is where Lord Krishna once performed the ras-lila with Radha-Rani and the gopis. The samadhi of Swami Haridas also lies here.
Kesi Ghat (Vrindavan)
This is the place where Lord Krishna is said to have killed the Kesi demon who appeared in the form of a gigantic horse. He then took His bath in this very same ghat. This is also very famous bathing place in Vrindavana. An aarti to Yamuna Devi is held here every evening.
Cucumber is a very edible fruit which comes from the cucumber plant cucumis sativus, which is part of the gourd family. It is being used for different purpose as it can be eaten raw or cooked. With so many health benefits it becomes one of the most important parts of food diet as well as skin diet.
Cucumber can claim to be a water body as it has 90% water. It is known to be a cooling agent due to the water in it.
Cucumber for Eyes
It is believed that cucumber helps in reducing swelling around the eyes or the big dark circles under your eyes. This is world-wide treatment which is being used to its maximum extent.
Cucumbers are the most wonderful and natural eye pads you can find for yourself. The puffiness and the tiredness in your eyes may just leave you, if you do this in a relaxed fashion. These natural eye pads do wonders after a long days work.
Cucumber for Skin
If you want a happy skin, then cucumber is the answer. As cucumber and the skin share the same level of hydrogen, it becomes easier for cucumber to mask all the problem areas. It helps in soothing and softening your skin which can get you relaxed in no time.
With so many useful ingredients in cucumber it can help you in treating so many skin problems. It has become part of daily beauty product into face packs, facials, juice and many other things which can affect your skin.
Due to its cooling effect it can be termed as a magic wand for all your skin problems. The cleaning and cleansing property helps your skin tremendously making it soft and supple.
The regular intake of cucumber juice is very useful both internally and externally.
To have a healthy glowing and smooth skin use this recipe
Blend 4 – 5 leafs of fresh mint.
Peel and deseed the cucumber.
Add mint leaves to the cucumber to make a puree.
Beat egg white and keep it separate, then add this egg white to the cucumber mixture.
Apply this evenly on your face for 20 minutes and then rinse it with water and pat it dry.