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History of Navaratri
Navratri is a very important Hindu festival celebrated in India, which is devoted to Goddess Durga. The festival is celebrated with great reverence and faith across the country. It stretches over a period of nine days, with each of the nine days being dedicated to one of the nine forms of the Goddess. Talking about the history of Navratri festival, it can be explained through the stories mentioned in the Hindu scriptures. In case you want to know more about them, explore the information given below
History & Origin Of Navratri
In different parts of India, different legends describe the history of Navratri:
The legend in North India goes that Mahishasura, the mighty demon, worshipped Lord Shiva and obtained the power of eternity. Soon, he started killing and harassing innocent people and set out to win all the three lokas. The gods in swargaloka appealed to Lord Shiva, to find a way to get rid of the demon. To protect the world from the atrocities of Mahishasura, the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva united their powers and created a divine female warrior, known as Goddess Durga. Mahishasura, when he saw the divine beauty of Goddess Durga, got mesmerized.
So fascinated was Mahishasura by Goddess Durga’s beauty that he approached her with the intention of marriage. The goddess agreed to marry him, but put forth a condition – Mahishasura would have to win over her in a battle. Mahishasura, proud as he was, agreed immediately! The battle continued for 9 nights and at the end of the ninth night, Goddess Durga beheaded Mahishasura. The nine nights came to be known as Navratri, while the tenth day was called Vijayadashmi, the tenth day that brought the triumph of good over evil.
As per the legend prevalent in East India, Daksha, the king of the Himalayas, had a beautiful and virtuous daughter called Uma. She wished to marry Lord Shiva, since her childhood. In order to win over the Lord, she worshipped him and managed to please him as well. When Shiva finally came to marry her, the tiger-skin clad groom displeased Daksha and he broke off all the relationships with his daughter and son-in-law. One fine day, Daksha organized a yagna, but did not invite Lord Shiva for the same.
Uma got so angry at her father’s rude behavior, towards her husband, that she decided to end her life by jumping into the agnikund of the yagna, where she was united with eternity (since then, she came to be known as Sati). However, she took re-birth and again won Shiva as her groom and peace was restored. It is believed that since then, Uma comes every year with Ganesh, Kartik, Saraswati and Laxmi and two of her best friends or ‘sakhis’, called Jaya and Bijaya, to visit her parent’s home during Navratri.
Another Legend – Ram and Ravana
Yet another legend of Navratri relates to the Hindu epic Ramayana. It goes that Lord Rama worshipped Goddess Durga in nine aspects, for nine days, in order to gather the strength and power to kill Ravana. He wanted to release Sita from the clutches of powerful demon king Ravana, who had abducted her. Those nine nights became to be known as Navratri and the tenth day, on which Lord Rama killed Ravana, came to be called Vijayadashmi or Dusshera, signifying Rama’s (good) triumph over Ravana (evil).
How Navratri is Celebrated in Different Regions……
The Navratri commences on the first day (pratipada) of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Ashwin. The festival is celebrated for nine nights once every year during the beginning of October, although as the dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar, the festival may be held for a day more or a day less.
Navaratri is celebrated in different ways throughout India. In North India, all three Navratris are celebrated with much fervor by fasting on all nine days and worshipping the Mother Goddess in her different forms. The Chaitra Navratriculmintes in Ram Navami and the Sharad Navratri culminates in Durga Puja and Dussehra. The Dussehra of Kulu in Himachal Pradesh is particularly famous in the North.
The last four days of Sharad Navratri take on a particularly dramatic form in the state of West Bengal in East India where they are celebrated as Durga Puja. This is the biggest festival of the year in this state. Exquisitely crafted and decorated life-size clay idols of the Goddess Durga depicting her slaying the demon Mahisasura are set up in temples and other places. These idols are then worshipped for five days and immersed in the river on the fifth day.
In Western India, particularly in the state of Gujarat, Navratri is celebrated with the famous Garba dance. It is also popular throughout India and among Indian communities around the world including UK and USA.
In south India, people set up steps and place idols on them.This is known as golu.
Navratri is divided into sets of three days to adore three different aspects of the supreme goddess or goddesses.
First three days
The goddess is invoked as a spiritual force called Durga also known as kali in order to destroy all our impurities.
Second three days
The Mother is adored as a giver of spiritual wealth, Lakshmi, who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees inexhaustible wealth, as she is the goddess of wealth.
Final three days
The final set of three days is spent in worshipping the goddess of wisdom, Sarasvati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.
In South India, Sarasvati pooja is performed on the 7th day. Eight day is traditionally Durgashtami which is big in Bengal. The 9th day is Ayudha Pooja when everyone gives their tools of the trade — pens, machinery, books, automobiles, school work, etc. a rest and ritually worships them. They start a fresh from the next day, the 10th day which is considered as ‘Vijaya Dashami’. Many teachers/Schools in south India start teaching Kindergarten children from that day onwards. Students also pay homage to their respective teachers as they are considered the third god (Maathaa, Pitha, Guru, Daivam – Mother, Father, Teacher & God). On this tenth day of Navratri in October – the holiday of Dussehra or Dasara, an effigy of Ravana is burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil.
During Navratri, some devotees of Durga observe a fast and prayers are offered for the protection of health and prosperity. A period of introspection and purification, Navratri is traditionally an auspicious and religious time for starting new ventures.
During this vowed religious observance, a pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolizes the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp is the medium through which we worship the effulgent Adishakti, i.e. Sree Durgadevi. During Navratri, the principle of Sree Durgadevi is more active in the atmosphere.
Navratri is celebrated in a large number of Indian communities. The mother goddess is said to appear in 9 forms, and each one is worshipped for a day. These nine forms signify various traits that the goddess influences us with. The Devi Mahatmya and other texts invoking the Goddess who vanquished demons are cited.
During the eight or ninth day, Kanya Poojan, where virgin girls who have not attained puberty are worshipped, occurs.
(source: ITSUPERMARKET3)History of Navaratri Navratri is a very important Hindu festival celebrated in India, which is devoted to Goddess Durga. The festival is celebrated with great reverence and faith across the country. It stretches over a period of nine days, with each of the nine days being dedicated to one of the nine forms of the Goddess. ...
- This happened about a month ago near Lonavala.A guy was driving from Mumbai to Pune and decided not to take the new expressway as he wants to see the scenery. The inevitable happens and when he reaches the ghats his car breaks down – he’s stranded miles from nowhere.Having no choice he starts walking on the side of the road, hoping to get a lift to the nearest town. It’s dark and raining. And pretty soon he’s wet and shivering. The night rolls on and no car goes by, the rain is so heavy he can hardly see a few feet ahead of him.Suddenly he sees a car coming towards him. It slows and then stops next to him – without thinking the guy opens the door and jumps in. Seated in the back, he leans forward to thank the person who had saved him – when he realizes there is nobody behind the wheel.Even though there’s no one in the front seat and no sound of any engine, the car starts moving slowly. The guy looks at the road ahead and sees a curve coming. Scared almost to he starts to pray, begging the Lord for his life. He hasn’t come out of shock, when just before he hits the curve, a hand appears through the window and moves the wheel. The car makes the curve safely and continues on the road to the next bend . The guy, now paralyzed in, watches how the hand appears every time they are before a curve and moves the steering wheel just enough to get the car around each bend.Finally, the guy sees lights ahead. Gathering his courage he wrenches open the door of the silent, slowly moving car, scrambles out and runs as hard as he can towards the lights. It’s a small town. He stumbles into a dhaba, and asks for a drink, and breaks down. Then he starts talking about the horrible experience he’s just been through.
There is silence in the dhaba when he stops talking ….. . . . . .and that’s when Santa and Banta Singh walk into the dhaba. Santa points and says “Look Banta – that’s the weird guy who Jumped into our car when we were pushing it.”(contributed by: Mohan Rao on 04.12.2011)This happened about a month ago near Lonavala. A guy was driving from Mumbai to Pune and decided not to take the new expressway as he wants to see the scenery. The inevitable happens and when he reaches the ghats his car breaks down – he’s stranded miles from nowhere. Having no choice he starts walking on the ...
People who ride on roller coasters have a higher chance of having a blood clot in the brain.
People with blue eyes see better in dark.
Money isn’t made out of paper, it is made out of cotton.
A tiny amount of liquor on a scorpion will make it go mad instantly and sting itself to death.
Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you from crying.
A huge underground river runs underneath the Nile, with six times more water than the river above.
The USA uses 29% of the world’s petrol and 33% of the world’s electricity.
Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear By 700 times.
The animal responsible for the most human deaths world-wide is the mosquito.
Right handed people live, on average, nine years longer than left-handed people.
We exercise at least 30 muscles when we smile.
Our nose is our personal air-conditioning system: it warms cold air, cools hot air and filters impurities.
Our brain is more complex than the most powerful computer and has over 100 billion nerve cells.
When a person dies, hearing is usually the first sense to go.
There is a great mushroom in Oregon that is 2,400 years old. It Covers 3.4 square miles of land and is still growing.
German Shepherds bite humans more than any other breed of dog.
The pupil of the eye expands as much as 45 percent when a person looks at something pleasing
Men’s shirts have the buttons on the right, but women’s shirts have the buttons on the left.
The reason honey is so easy to digest is that it’s already been digested by a bee.
It cost 7 million dollars to build the Titanic and 200 million to make a film about it.
The sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is actually the sound of nitrogen gas bubbles bursting.
The only part of the body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It takes in oxygen directly from the air.
(contributed by user A Mohan Rao on 08.07.2011 )People who ride on roller coasters have a higher chance of having a blood clot in the brain. People with blue eyes see better in dark. Money isn’t made out of paper, it is made out of cotton. A tiny amount of liquor on a scorpion will make it go mad instantly and sting itself to death. Chewing gum ...
Fellow 1 : “Now my grandfather, he knew the exact day of the year that he was going to die. It was the right year too. Not only that, but he knew what time he would die that day, and he was right about that, too.”
Fellow 2 : “Wow, that’s Incredible. How did he know all of that?”
Fellow 1 : “A judge told him.”
At 82 years old, my husband applied for his first passport.
He was told he’d need a birth certificate, but his birth had never been officially registered.
When he explained his dilemma to the passport agent, the response was less than helpful.
“In lieu of a birth certificate,” the agent said, “you can bring a notarized affidavit from the doctor who delivered you.”
My nieces Jessica, age five, and Stephanie, age three, were chatting with their mom when Stephanie asked, “Mommy, does God really make rainbows?”
“Of course he does,” my sister replied. Jessica nudged Stephanie and explained,
“Only God has such big crayons.”
One day a man went to an auction. While there, he bid on a parrot. He really wanted this bird, so he got caught up in the bidding. He kept on bidding, but kept getting outbid, so he bid higher and higher and higher.
Finally, after he bid way more than he intended, he won the bid – the parrot was his at last!
As he was paying for the parrot, he said to the Auctioneer, “I sure hope this parrot can talk. I would hate to have paid this much for it, only to find out that he can’t talk!”
“Don’t worry.” said the Auctioneer, “He can talk. Who do you think kept bidding against you?”
A elderly gentleman was strolling through a quiet residential
neighborhood when he came upon a little boy sitting on the curb,
crying. “What’s the trouble, son?” he asked. “Are you lost?”
“Worse than that,” the youngster sobbed. “Mom lost her book on child
rearing and now she’s using her own judgment!”
THE NUNS at a small suburban convent were happy to learn that an anonymous donor had left each of them $50 in cash to give away as she saw fit. Each nun announced how she would share her bequest.
Sister Catherine Ann decided to give her share to the first poor person she saw. As she said this, she looked out the window and saw a man leaning against the telephone pole across the street. He certainly looked poor.
She immediately left the convent and walked toward the man, feeling sure that he had been sent by Heaven to receive her charity. Pressing the $50 into the man’s hands, the kind sister said, “Godspeed, my good man.”
As she left, the man called out to her, “What is your name?” Shyly, she replied, “Sister Catherine Ann.”
The following evening, the man returned to the convent and rang the bell. “I’d like to see Sister Catherine Ann,” he said.
The nun at the door answered, “I’m sorry, but she’s in the chapel. May I give her a message?””Yes,” said the man gleefully.”
“Give her this $100 and tell her that Godspeed came in second at the horse race!”
(contributed by: Mohan Rao on 02.11.2011)Fellow 1 : “Now my grandfather, he knew the exact day of the year that he was going to die. It was the right year too. Not only that, but he knew what time he would die that day, and he was right about that, too.” Fellow 2 : “Wow, that’s Incredible. How did he know ...
1. To remove a bandage painlessly,Saturate the bandage with vodka.
The stuff dissolves adhesive.
2. To clean the caulking around bathtubs and showers,
Fill a trigger-spray bottle with vodka, spray the caulking,
Let set five minutes and wash clean.
Wash your feet with vodka.
13 Vodka will disinfect
And alleviate a jellyfish sting..
14. Pour vodka over an area affected with poison ivy
And silly me!
I only used to drink this stuff!!(contributed by: Mohan Rao on 15.09.2011)