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Anna Hazare has given an ultimatum to the Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh to enact stringent anti-corruption law – the peoples “Jan Lokpal Bill”! Jail to the corrupt must happen! We have been betrayed by those that are leading us!.
Fast unto Death from 5th April 2011 at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi.
Anna Hazare is a soldier, lone survivor in his unit in 1965 Indo-Pak war. Anna dedicated his life to the well-being of society. A bachelor, an ascetic, he has no possessions, no bank balance and lives in a temple. He is a living Mahatma Gandhi.
In Maharashtra, Anna has single handedly transformed barren and dry regions into green and food surplus areas. He has fasted unto death on several earlier occasions. He forced the Maharashtra government to dismiss the corrupt – 6 ministers and 400 officers. Due to his fast, the govt enacted the Maharashtra RTI Act. In 2006, when government of India tried to amend the Central RTI Act, he again went on an indefinite fast and forced the Indian government not to amend RTI Act.
(forwarded by email@example.com on 25.03.2011)Anna Hazare has given an ultimatum to the Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh to enact stringent anti-corruption law – the peoples “Jan Lokpal Bill”! Jail to the corrupt must happen! We have been betrayed by those that are leading us!. Fast unto Death from 5th April 2011 at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi. Anna Hazare is a ...
Kidneys are two small bean shaped organs, each about the size of the fist, located on either side of the spine just above the waist at the small of the back. It is a part of the urinary system. Each kidney is about 10cm long, 5-6cm wide, 2.5cm thick and weighs between 115 to 170g in the adult human. The right kidney is situated slightly lower than the left because the liver pushes it down.
The outer portion of the kidney called cortex is composed of blood vessels and urine tubes and is supported by a fibrous matrix. Deep to the cortex lies the medulla which is divided into 10-20 conical regions called renal pyramids. Renal pyramids also known as the malphighian pyramids contains the secreting apparatus and tubules. Each pyramid together with the associated overlying cortex forms a renal lobe.
The tip of each pyramid (called a papilla) empties into a calyx, which empties into the renal pelvis. Pelvis forms a small reservoir for urine produced by the kidney. The whole kidney is covered by a membrane called renal capsule.
The cortex and the medulla are made up of nephrons, which is the most basic functional units of the kidney and each kidney contains about a millions of nephrons. Filtration, re-absorption and secretion of the blood occurs in the nephron. Each nephron is made of a glomerulus and a tubule. The glomerulus is like a miniature filtering or sieving device while the tubule is a tiny tube like structure attached to the glomerulus.
The kidneys regulate the body’s fluid volume, mineral composition and acidity. The vital function of kidneys is to separate urea, mineral salts toxins and other waste products from the blood. They preserve water, salt and electrolytes; controls the level of chemicals like sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, phosphate and hydrogen. In addition to this, kidneys release three important hormones. They are Erythropoietin (EPO) which stimulates the bones to make red blood cells, Renin which regulates blood pressure and Active form of vitamin D which helps to maintain calcium for bones and for normal chemical balance in the body.
The waste products are generated in the body from normal metabolic processes including the breakdown of active tissues, ingested foods, and other substances. To separate these waste and extra water, the blood enters the kidney through the renal artery, creates urine, which flows to the bladder through tubes called ureters. The clean blood flows back to other parts of the body. This process takes place throughout the life of the kidneys. The kidneys process about 200 liters of blood every day and produce about 2 liters of urine. For maintaining life at least one kidney must function properly.
When the kidneys become diseased or damaged, they lose their ability to perform their vital functions. As a result, waste products and excess fluids build up in the blood, become toxic and damage the body. This may cause a variety of symptoms, particularly swelling of the hands and feet, shortness of breath, and a frequent urge to urinate.
Most kidney disease attack the nephron and destroy them which cause to lose their filtering capacity. Diabetes and high blood pressureare the most common cause of kidney disease. Injury, exposure to toxins and certain medications and trauma can lead to kidney disease.
If the blood supply to the kidneys is reduced considerably from blood loss, a fall in blood pressure, severe dehydration or lack of salt, then the kidneys may be damaged. This may lead to permanent damage to the kidney tissue.
Kidney (Renal) failure occurs when the kidneys partly or completely lose their filtering ability. Acute and Chronic are the two types of Renal failure. When kidney failure happens suddenly it is called Acute renal failure. Chronic renal failure usually develops slowly, with few signs or symptoms in the early stage. Mild kidney disease is often called renal insufficiency.
Symptoms to look out for
If any of the following symptoms are noticed, do not avoid it. Consult a physician to know the cause of the symptoms.
1. Changes in Urination
• increased urination at night.
• passing of very small amounts of urine.
• urine may be foamy or bubbly.
• blood in urine
• having difficulty in urinating
2. Swelling, particularly of the hands and feet, and puffiness around the eyes.
3. Persistent fatigue
4. Skin Rash/ Itching
5. Unpleasant taste in the mouth/Ammonia Breath
6. Nausea and Vomiting
7. Shortness of Breath
8. Feeling Cold
9. Dizziness and Trouble Concentrating
10. Leg/ Flank Pain
Common Kidney Diseases
Acute Renal Failure Chronic Kidney Disease Glomerulonephritis Kidney Stones Polycystic Kidney Disease
(source: http://webindia123.com/health/disease/kidney/common/kidney.htm)Kidneys are two small bean shaped organs, each about the size of the fist, located on either side of the spine just above the waist at the small of the back. It is a part of the urinary system. Each kidney is about 10cm long, 5-6cm wide, 2.5cm thick and weighs between 115 to 170g ...
Diwali Puja Process
Diwali is the festival of Laxmi, the Goddess of prosperity and wealth. It is believed that Goddess Laxmi visit everyone during Diwali and brings peace and prosperity to all. On the night of Diwali “Lakshmi-Pujan” is performed in the evenings. A traditional Pujan is performed after sunset in all the homes.
Five pieces of ghee diyas (lamps) are lit in front of the deities, naivedya of traditional sweets is offered to the Goddess and devotional songs are sung in praise of Goddess Laxmi. After Deepawali Puja people light diyas (lamps) in their homes to usher in light and clear the darkness from the world.
In villages, cattle are adorned and worshipped by farmers as they form the main source of their income. In south, cows are offered special veneration as they are supposed to be the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi and therefore they are adorned and worshipped on this day.
Step By Step Diwali Pujan:
- First clean the Puja room and then Bathe each Deity (Lakshmi & Ganesh) first with water, then with panchamitra/or rose water, followed by water once more
- Now put Deepak (Lamp) in front of the Deities – As the tiny diyas of clay are lighted to drive away the shadows of evil spirits
- Make a Panchamitra with 5 ingredients of milk, curd, ghee (clarified butter), sugar & Honey.
- Place Few mithais, snacks & fruits as a prashad.
- Make offerings of flowers, Abir (red colour), Sindoor (vermillion) and Haldi (turmeric). Light the Agarbatti (incense sticks) and lamps filled with Ghee.
- Now make offerings of Fruit, Sweet dishes (mithai), Salty snacks (Mathis, Ghathia, Namakpare) and offer Dakshina (token money), which could be given to the poor. In the end offer paan (betel leaves), cloves. Now pray to the deities to seek their blessings.
- Ganesh Pooja : Ganesh Puja is a must for deepavali Puja. (Lord Ganesha is to be worshipped in all pujas before any other God or Goddess.) (Ganesh Aarti is sung)
- Laxmi Pooja : Place Lotus and other flowers at her feet as an offering. A silver coin is placed in front of the Goddess during the puja. Now perform Aarti with flowers in hand (Lakshmi Aarti is sung). After Deepawali Pujan have the Prasad and go out to burst Diwali Crackers.
(source:http://www.diwalifestival.org/diwali-puja-process.html)Diwali Puja Process Diwali is the festival of Laxmi, the Goddess of prosperity and wealth. It is believed that Goddess Laxmi visit everyone during Diwali and brings peace and prosperity to all. On the night of Diwali “Lakshmi-Pujan” is performed in the evenings. A traditional Pujan is performed after sunset in all the homes. Five pieces of ...