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5. Ice Cream, Cookies, Cake … Anything With Lots of Sugar (Including Breakfast Cereal)
If you’ve got a sweet tooth, resist the urge to splurge right before bed. The extra sugar will cause a spike in your blood sugar, making your energy levels jump and then plummet.[i] This wacky energy rollercoaster is the last thing you need to help you fall asleep.
4. Spicy Foods
Bedtime is not the time to break out your favorite hot sauce … spicy foods can interfere with your sleep. One reason for this is indigestion, but there’s more to it than that. They may also raise your body temperature, which can lead to poor sleep quality. Research shows, too, that when men ate Tabasco sauce and mustard right before bed, they spent more time awake during the night and took longer to fall asleep.[ii]
A big juicy steak right before bed might sound tempting, but red meat takes a long time to digest. This means that when you should be sleeping, your body will have to be hard at work digesting this fatty, protein-laden meal. Not exactly a recipe for restful slumber …
2. Dark Chocolates
Ordinarily, dark chocolate is one of the best desserts to try, as it’s got the highest level of antioxidants of all types of chocolate. However, it’s also got the most caffeine, and if you eat it right before bed, well, you might as well just drink a cup of strong coffee along with it.
1. Citrus Fruits
Because citrus fruits are so acidic, they’re notorious for causing indigestion and heartburn – especially if you eat them and then go and lie down. Save your grapefruits and oranges for earlier in the day, and if you want fruit before bed, opt for cherries or a banana
(source: http://www.losethebackpain.com/blog/2012/08/15/worst-foods-to-eat-before-bed/)5. Ice Cream, Cookies, Cake … Anything With Lots of Sugar (Including Breakfast Cereal) If you’ve got a sweet tooth, resist the urge to splurge right before bed. The extra sugar will cause a spike in your blood sugar, making your energy levels jump and then plummet. This wacky energy rollercoaster is the last thing you ...
White Mucus in Stool
White mucus in stool is considered normal by medical experts until it starts showing up frequently. Know what could mucus in stool indicate and what is the treatment measures.
Mucus is basically a jelly like substance which is produced by the intestines and is naturally present in stool, ergo passing it during bowel movement is a normal process. However, doctors also say that if the amount of mucus prominently increases with time, and is accompanied by bleeding or other bowel problems like constipation, diarrhea, etc., then this significantly warrants a medical checkup. Note that, the mucus does not have to be necessarily white. It may be clear, yellow or green.
Conditions that May Cause White Mucus in Stool
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
This condition affects the large intestine. Apart from the presence of mucus in stool, other symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome include abdominal pain, gas, constipation, diarrhea and bloating.
Treatment – treatment aims at relieving the symptoms. Mostly, certain changes in diet and lifestyle are good enough to manage the condition. But severe cases require treatment with medications such as anti-diarrheal drugs, drugs to relieve bowel spasms, antidepressants, and sometimes even psychological counseling.
When the lining of the digestive tract becomes inflamed, the condition is known as Crohn’s disease. Apart from causing diarrhea, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, and ulcers, this inflammatory bowel disease may also cause mucus and blood in stool.
Treatment – this condition has no cure, so the treatment aims at asymptomatic relief. Most doctors prescribe drugs that reduce inflammation. Some patients may also be put on drugs that suppress the immune system, so as to reduce the inflammation. To manage the symptoms of the condition, anti-diarrheal drugs, pain killers, and laxatives may also be prescribed.
Another kind of inflammatory bowel disease associated with white fluffy mucus in stool is the ailment known as ulcerative colitis. This occurs when part of the digestive system is chronically inflamed, and ulcers form on the lining of the colon. Bleeding may occur in these ulcers, accompanied by the production of pus or mucus, which may be eventually passed in the stool. Symptoms other than mucus, may include rectal bleeding, abdominal cramps, weight loss, bloody diarrhea, fatigue, and dehydration.
Treatment – the main goal of the treatment is to control the inflammation, and manage the symptoms. For this, anti-inflammatory drugs, and medication to manage diarrhea, and pain are usually recommended. Antibiotics could also form a part of the treatment to control or prevent infections. If conservative treatment options come of no help, then surgery to remove the entire colon and rectum could be recommended.
Sometimes it may happen that a part or all of the tissues that line the rectum slide out of place; sometimes sticking through the anal opening. This is known as rectal prolapse. Commonly, straining during a bowel movement, which usually happens in constipation, causes this condition. And one of its common symptoms is leakage of stool covered in mucus or blood from the anus. Other symptoms include a bright red tissue sticking out of the anus, anal pain or bleeding, and feeling of incomplete evacuation.
Treatment – if the condition gets diagnosed at an early stage, then medications to soften stools, suppositories and other medications are good enough to correct the condition. However, when the condition becomes too severe to be treated with medicines, surgery is the only option to repair the problem.
Stool covered in mucus could also be a manifestation of a bacterial infection. Bacteria like E. coli and Salmonella happen to be the common offenders in this case. Other symptoms that may accompany include diarrhea, fever and abdominal pain.
Treatment – usually following a few self-care measures such as drinking plenty of water, eating small meals throughout the day, eating high potassium and some salty foods, help one to recover from a mild form of the infection within a couple of days. Antibiotics are prescribed only when the symptoms become severe.
As cited already, if you notice your stool smothered in mucus occasionally, then do not worry yourself. But if you notice the same occurring frequently, and worsening with time, then get yourself diagnosed by a qualified doctor so that you can rule out potential problems, and treat them at the earliest.
(source: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/white-mucus-in-stool.html)White Mucus in Stool White mucus in stool is considered normal by medical experts until it starts showing up frequently. Know what could mucus in stool indicate and what is the treatment measures. Mucus is basically a jelly like substance which is produced by the intestines and is naturally present in stool, ergo passing it during bowel ...
- Main article: List of titles and names of Krishna
The Sanskrit word kṛṣṇa is primarily an adjective meaning “black”, “dark” or “dark-blue”., sometimes it is also translated as “all attractive”. It is cognate with Slavic čьrnъ “black”. As a feminine noun, kṛṣṇā is used in the meaning “night, blackness, darkness” in the Rigveda, and as a demon or spirit of darkness in RV 4.16.13. As a proper noun, Kṛṣṇa occurs in RV 8.85.3 as the name of a poet. In the Lalitavistara Sutra, Krishna is the chief of the black demons, the enemies of the Buddha. As a name of Vishnu, Krishna listed as the 57th name in the Vishnu Sahasranama. Based on his name, Krishna is often depicted in murtis as black or blue-skinned.
Krishna is also known by various other names, epithets and titles, which reflect his many associations and attributes. Among the most common names are Govinda, “finder of cows”, or Gopala, “protector of cows”, which refer to Krishna’s childhood in Vraja. Some of the distinct names may be regionally important; for instance, Jagannatha (literally “Lord of the Universe”), a popular deity of Puri in eastern India.
Krishna is easily recognized by his representations. Though his skin colour may be depicted as black or dark in some representations, particularly in murtis, in other images such as modern pictorial representations, Krishna is usually shown with blue skin. He is often shown wearing a yellow silk dhoti and peacock feather crown. Common depictions show him as a little boy, or as a young man in a characteristic relaxed pose, playing the flute. In this form, he usually stands with one leg bent in front of the other and raises a flute to his lips, known as Tribhangi Mudra, accompanied by cows, emphasizing his position as the divine herdsman, Govinda, or with the gopis (milkmaids).
The scene on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, notably where he addresses Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita, is another common subject for representation. In these depictions, he is shown as a man, often with typical god-like characteristics of Hindu religious art, such as multiple arms or heads, denoting power, and with attributes of Vishnu, such as the chakra or in his two-armed form as a charioteer.
Representations in temples often show Krishna as a man standing in an upright, formal pose. He may be alone, or with associated figures:his brother Balarama and sister Subhadra, or his main queens Rukmini and Satyabhama.
Often, Krishna is pictured with his gopi-consort Radha. Manipuri Vaishnavas do not worship Krishna alone, but as Radha Krishna, a combined image of Krishna and Radha. This is also a characteristic of the schools Rudra and Nimbarka sampradaya, as well as that of Swaminarayan faith. The traditions celebrate Radha Ramana murti, who is viewed by Gaudiyas as a form of Radha Krishna.
Krishna is also depicted and worshipped as a small child (Bala Krishna, bāla kṛṣṇa the child Krishna), crawling on his hands and knees or dancing, often with butter or Laddu in his hand being Laddu Gopal. Regional variations in the iconography of Krishna are seen in his different forms, such as Jaganatha of Orissa, Vithoba of Maharashtra and Shrinathji in Rajasthan.
The earliest text to explicitly provide detailed descriptions of Krishna as a personality is the epic Mahābhārata which depicts Krishna as an incarnation of Vishnu. Krishna is central to many of the main stories of the epic. The eighteen chapters of the sixth book (Bhishma Parva) of the epic that constitute the Bhagavad Gita contain the advice of Krishna to the warrior-hero Arjuna, on the battlefield. Krishna is already an adult in the epic, although there are allusions to his earlier exploits. The Harivamsa, a later appendix to this epic, contains the earliest detailed version of Krishna’s childhood and youth.
In early texts, such as Rig Veda, there are no references to Krishna, however some, like Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar attempted to show that “the very same Krishna” made an appearance, e.g. as the drapsa … krishna “black drop” of RV 8.96.13. Some authors have also likened prehistoric depictions of deities to Krishna.as the son of Devaki and the disciple of Ghora Angirasa , the seer who preached his disciple the philosophy of ‘Chhandogya.’ Having been influenced by the philosophy of ‘Chhandogya’ Krishna in the Bhagavadgita while delivering the discourse to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra discussed about sacrifice, which can be compared to purusha or the individual.
Yāska‘s Nirukta, an etymological dictionary around 6th century BC, contains a reference to the Shyamantaka jewel in the possession of Akrura, a motif from well known Puranic story about Krishna. Shatapatha Brahmana and Aitareya-Aranyaka, associate Krishna with his Vrishni origins.
Pāṇini, the ancient grammarian and author of Asthadhyayi (probably belonged to 5th century or 6th century BC) mentions a character called Vāsudeva, son of Vasudeva, and also mentions Kaurava and Arjuna which testifies to Vasudeva Krishna, Arjuna and Kauravas being contemporaries.
Megasthenes (350 – 290 BC) a Greek ethnographer and an ambassador of Seleucus I to the court of Chandragupta Maurya mentioned about Herakles in his famous work Indica. Many scholars have suggested that the deity identified as Herakles was Krishna. According to Arrian, Diodorus, and Strabo, Megasthenes described an Indian tribe called Sourasenoi, who especially worshipped Herakles in their land, and this land had two cities, Methora and Kleisobora, and a navigable river, the Jobares. As was common in the ancient period, the Greeks sometimes described foreign gods in terms of their own divinities, and there is a little doubt that the Sourasenoi refers to the Shurasenas, a branch of the Yadu dynasty to which Krishna belonged; Herakles to Krishna, or Hari-Krishna: Mehtora to Mathura, where Krishna was born; Kleisobora to Krishnapura, meaning “the city of Krishna”; and the Jobares to the Yamuna, the famous river in the Krishna story. Quintus Curtius also mentions that when Alexander the Great confronted Porus, Porus’s soldiers were carrying an image of Herakles in their vanguard.
The name Kṛishṇa occurs in Buddhist writings in the form Kaṇha, phonetically equivalent to Kṛishṇa.
The Ghata-Jâtaka (No. 454) gives an account of Kṛishṇa’s childhood and subsequent exploits which in many points corresponds with the Brahmanic legends of his life and contains several familiar incidents and names, such as Vâsudeva, Baladeva, Kaṃsa. Yet it presents many peculiarities and is either an independent version or a misrepresentation of a popular story that had wandered far from its home. Jain tradition also shows that these tales were popular and were worked up into different forms, for the Jains have an elaborate system of ancient patriarchs which includes Vâsudevas and Baladevas. Kṛishṇa is the ninth of the Black Vâsudevas and is connected with Dvâravatî or Dvârakâ. He will become the twelfth tîrthankara of the next world-period and a similar position will be attained by Devakî, Rohinî, Baladeva and Javakumâra, all members of his family. This is a striking proof of the popularity of the Kṛishṇa legend outside the Brahmanic religion.
Around 150 BC, Patanjali in his Mahabhashya quotes a verse: “May the might of Krishna accompanied by Samkarshana increase!” Other verses are mentioned. One verse speaks of “Janardana with himself as fourth” (Krishna with three companions, the three possibly being Samkarshana, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha). Another verse mentions musical instruments being played at meetings in the temples of Rama (Balarama) and Kesava (Krishna). Patanjali also describes dramatic and mimetic performances (Krishna-Kamsopacharam) representing the killing of Kamsa by Vasudeva.
In the 1st century BC, there seems to be evidence for a worship of five Vrishni heroes (Balarama, Krishna, Pradyumna, Aniruddha and Samba) for an inscription has been found at Mora near Mathura, which apparently mentions a son of the great satrap Rajuvula, probably the satrap Sodasa, and an image of Vrishni, “probably Vasudeva, and of the “Five Warriors”. Brahmi inscription on the Mora stone slab, now in the Mathura Museum.
Many Puranas tell Krishna’s life-story or some highlights from it. Two Puranas, the Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Purana, that contain the most elaborate telling of Krishna’s story and teachings are the most theologically venerated by the Vaishnava schools. Roughly one quarter of the Bhagavata Purana is spent extolling his life and philosophy.
(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishna)14th century Fresco of Krishna on interior wall City Palace, Udaipur Main article: List of titles and names of Krishna The Sanskrit word kṛṣṇa is primarily an adjective meaning “black”, “dark” or “dark-blue”., It is cognate with Slavic čьrnъ “black”. As a feminine noun, kṛṣṇā is used in the ...
Ayodhya pronunciation (help·info) (Sanskrit: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا, IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya is described as the birth place of the Hindu Bhagwan (God) Rama and Bhagwan Swaminarayan. It used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom.
This Hindu holy city is described as early as in the Hindu Epics. Ayodhya has an average elevation of 93 metres (305 feet).
Ayodhya is on the right bank of the river Saryu, as it is called within sacred precincts. Just 6 km from Faizabad, Ayodhya is a popular pilgrim centre. This town is closely associated with Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The ancient city of Ayodhya, according to the Ramayana, was founded by Manu, the law-giver of the Hindu. For centuries, it was the capital of the descendants of the Surya dynasty of which Lord Rama was the most celebrated king. Ayodhya during ancient times was known as Kaushaldesa.
Skanda and some other Puranas rank Ayodhya as one of the seven most sacred cities of India. It was the venue of many events in Hindu mythology. Today pre-eminently a temple town, Ayodhya is famous for its close association with the epic Ramayana. It is a city of immense antiquity full of historical significance and sacred temples. The Atharvaveda described Ayodhya as “a city built by Gods and being prosperous as paradise itself.”
The illustrious ruling dynasty of this region were the Ikshvakus of the solar clan (Suryavansa). According to tradition, Ikshvakus was the eldest son of Vaivasvata Manu, who established himself at Ayodhya. The Earth is said to have derived its name `Prithivi’ from Prithu, the sixth king of the line. A few generations later came Mandhatri, in whose line the 31st king was Harischandra, known widely for his love of truth. Raja Sagar of the same clan performed the Asvamedha Yajna and his great grandson Bhagiratha is reputed to have brought Ganga on Earth by virtue of his penance. Later in the time came the great Raghu, after whom the family came to be called as Raghuvamsa. His grandson was Raja Dasaratha, the illustrious father of Rama, with whom the glory of the Kausala dynasty reached its highest point. The story of this epic has been immortalized by Valmiki and immensely popularized by the great masses through centuries.
Ayodhya is a city of temples yet all places of worship here are not only Hindu. At Ayodhya several religions have grown and prospered simultaneously and at different periods. Remnants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya. According to Jain tradition, five Tirthankaras were born at Ayodhya, including Adinath (Rishabhadeva) the first Tirthankar.
Festivals observed in Ayodhya include Shravan Jhoola Mela (July–August), Parikrama Mela (October–November), Ram Navmi (March–April), Rathyatra (June–July), Saryu Snan (October–November), Ram Vivah (November), and Ramayan Mela.
Geography and Climate
Ayodhya has a warm humid subtropical climate, typical of the Indian heartland. Summers are long, dry and extremely hot, lasting from late March to mid June, with average daily temperatures near 32oC (90oF) . They are followed by the monsoon season which lasts till early October, with a total precipitation of about 1067 mm (42 inches) and average temperatures around 28oC (84oF). Winter starts in early November and lasts till the end of January, followed by a short spring in February and early March. Average temperatures are mild, near 16oC (60oF), but nights can be chilly to cold.
History of Ayodhya
Ayodhya is said to be one of the most ancient, magnificent and holy of Hindu cities. According to the ancient Hindu Scriptures, it is said to have covered an area of 250 km² (96 square miles), and was the capital of the powerful Hindu kingdom of Kosala (Kaushal). It is on the banks of the Ghaghara River, bathing in which is supposed to destroy even the deadliest of sins. It stands on the right bank of the river Ghagra (or Saryu, as it is called within sacred precincts). The illustrious Ikshvaku of the solar clan (suryavansha) was the ruling dynasty of this region. This city was the court of the great Dasharatha, the 63rd monarch of the Solar line. King Dasaratha’s son Rama, born in Ayodhya, was believed to be the incarnation of Vishnu. In the Atharvaveda, this place was described as a city made by gods and as prosperous as Heaven itself.
Valmiki is said to have begun the writing of his famous devotional poem Valmiki Ramayana, also called the Ramayana in Ayodhya. The opening chapters recount the magnificence of the city, the glories of the monarch and the virtues, wealth and loyalty of his people. Other sages like Kamban and Tulsidas also wrote versions of the Ramayana praising of Rama and the magnificent city of Ayodhya. Tulsidas’ Ramayana is popularly known as Ramacharitamanasa and is one of the most revered scriptures of Hinduism. Several Tamil Alvars mention the city of Ayodhya. Ayodhya is also said to be the birthplace of Jadabharata (the first Chakravartin), Bahubali, Brahmi, Sundari, Padaliptasurisvarji, Harishchandra and Achalbharata.
Ayodhya has a historical significance for the Jain community too. This is the birth place of two important tirthankaras who were born in the early centuries CE. The Jain agamas also stand testimony to the visit of Mahavira, Jainism’s last tirthankara, to this city. Ayodhya is also the birth place of five Tirthankaras, including the first, Rishabha as well as that of Mahavira’s ninth Ganadhara.
The city is also important in the history and heritage of Buddhism in India, with several Buddhist temples, monuments and centers of learning having been established here during the age of the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Dynasty. Ayodhya reached its glorious peak as known to history during the reign of the Guptas over India.
This city was also a significant trade centre in 600 BCE.Historians have identified this place as Saketa, a key Buddhist centre during the 5th century BCE (it is a widely held beliefthat Buddha visited Ayodhya on several occasions) which it remained till the 5th century CE. In fact, Faxian, the Chinese monk, recorded several Buddhist monasteries that he saw here.
Rama being welcomed back to Ayodhya, also shown him flying in the Pushpaka Vimana
Swaminarayan, founder of the Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism lived here during his childhood years. It was from Ayodhya that Swaminarayan started his seven year journey across India as a ‘Neelkanth’.
Amongst the ‘Mokshdayani Puris’ of the world meaning “the lands of spiritual bliss and liberation from the karma-bandhan,” Ayodhya city holds a leading place, along with cities such as Varanasi, Dwarka and others. Ramcharitmanas and other respected Hindu scriptures like the Vishnu Purana, Shrimad Bhagvat Mahapuran and others emphasize the importance of living and visiting such religious places. According to them, these spiritually charged cities increase the Punya (or ‘fruits of virtuous and righteous actions’) and Paap (‘fruits of a person’s wrong doings’) of an individual many times over. Therefore people visiting and living in such holy cities are found doing noble and virtuous deeds.
Today people from various religious faiths of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Jainism live together united, making it a place of enormous sacred importance.
(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayodhya)Ayodhya pronunciation (help·info) (Sanskrit: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا, IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya is described as the birth place of the Hindu Bhagwan (God) Rama and Bhagwan Swaminarayan. It used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. This Hindu ...