Rangoli is a traditional decorative folk art of India. These are decorative designs made on floors of living rooms and courtyards during Hindu festivals and are meant as sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities.[1] The ancient symbols have been passed on through the ages, from each generation to the one that followed, thus keeping both the art form and the tradition alive. Rangoli and similar practices are followed in different Indian states; in Tamil Nadu, one has Kolam,[2] Madanae in Rajasthan, Chowkpurna in Northern India, Alpana in Bengal, Aripana in Bihar, and so on. The purpose of Rangoli is decoration and it is thought to bring good luck. Design-depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore and practices that are unique to each area. It is traditionally done by women, but over the years modern additions have been adapted. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, celebrations of marriages and other similar milestones and gatherings. Rangoli designs can be simple geometric shapes, deity impressions, flower and petal shapes (appropriate for the given celebrations), but they can also become very elaborate designs crafted by numerous people. The base material is usually dry or wet granulated rice or dry flour, to which Sindoor (vermilion), Haldi (turmeric) and other natural colors can be added. Chemical colors are a modern variation. Other materials include colored sand and even flowers and petals, as in the case of Flower Rangolis.

History

°Alpana° is another name for a type of rangoli. The ancient Mohen-jo-daro and Harappan civilizations also had Alpana. Vatsyayan Alpana’s work – the formula is described in Chausst arts (The most ancient folk art). The word ‘Alpana’ is derived from the Sanskrit ‘Oalanpeen’ which means “to plaster.” In ancient times people believed that these funds artistic painting the town and villages – are able to contain cereal is full of magical effects and reserve assets. This approach was Alpana art practiced on religious and social occasions. Many fast or worship, which is given the Alpana. Swami Anand Kumar, who are called scholars of Indian art, modern folk art of Bengal’s view that the direct link is from 5000 years ago; the art of Mohen-jo-daro. Waratchari movement and Bangla folk art and culture scholar Gurushay generator according to Dutt, the lotus flower Bengali women make between their Alpanooan, and the lotus flower of Mohenjo-daro is a replica. Some other scholars are of the opinion that Alpana Astrik people in our culture, such as shaved species come from, which in this country many years before the arrival of Aryans were living. According to the ancient and traditional folk arts of Bangladesh’s agricultural era standing. At that time some people believe that gods had some magical effects, which in practice would have been a good harvest and Priatatmaaey had run away.[2] of Alpana. Inspired by these traditional Aleknoan Acharya Awneendranath Tagore Shantiniketan art building with other subjects of painting – this art also made a compulsory subject. Today this art is known as Alpana of Shantiniketan. The blonde goddess in art will enjoy the memorable name of the mother are considered Alpana Shantiniketan.

The purpose of Rangoli

Rangoli is a symbol of religious and cultural beliefs. It is considered an important part of the spiritual process. why the various gifts and sacrifices in the ‘altar’ are created when creating the माँडने. Rural Anchaloan home – yard Buharkar Llypane still exists after the custom of making rangoli. Land – called the purification of the spirit and prosperity lies behind it. Alpana philosophy of life which symbolizes the impermanence of knowing with full enthusiasm and devotion present wished to live with Sumngl remains constant. The knowing that tomorrow it will be washed, which is the purpose, he wished to be the greatest. Additional house festivals – family occasions or just like any other Manglik say that the art of decorating rangoli is now not only limited to Pujagrah. Women with great passion and enthusiasm in every room of the house and make rangoli at the entrance. The hobby itself the basis of his fiction is already there, eternally; innovative creation is symbolic of the spirit. Rangoli created with icons such as the swastika, lotus flower, Lakshmiji step (Pegalie) etc. are considered indicators of prosperity and Mangalkamn. Many homes today, ahead of Dewalyoan Rangoli is made daily. Customs – customs Sshajti – सँवारती The art has also become a part of modern families. Introduction of diversified interest in craftsmanship and artistic home – decor created for almost all except the few माँडणों माँडणे are a symbol of human spirit. And thus an important means to realize our cultural feelings are considered. Rangoli symbolizes joy and happiness Rangamayie expressions.

Rangoli in different provinces

Rangoli art is an adornment or decoration that has different names in the different provinces of India. Uttar Pradesh in the square Purna, Rajasthan in the Mmandn, Bihar in the Aripan, Bengal Alpana in, Maharashtra in the rangoli, Rangavallie in Karnataka, Kollam in Tamil Nadu, ऐपण in Uttaranchal, Andhra Pradesh in the Muggu or Muggulu, HP ‘Aroopn’, Kumaon in the Alikhthap or Thapa, the Kerala in the Kolam, Gujarat in Saathiyo. There are many variations in these Rangolioan. Maharashtra Rangoli their homes on the door in the morning so create an evil force in the house so that they could not enter. India’s southern Kerala settled on the edge Onam rangoli on the occasion of flowers used to decorate is. South Indian Province – Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the ‘column’ is some margin but their basics are unchanged. These are decorated in geometric and symmetrical मूल्यतः sizes. For rice flour or slurry is used. The back of the rice flour used to be white and easy availability. Between the thumb and forefinger of dried rice flour by putting a certain cast is dropped. Rajasthan Mandana the word was taken from the corroboration means is decoration. Mmandne various festivals, major festivals and ॠ can be categorized based on seasons. Different shapes depending on the size of it also can be shared. Kumaon ‘s “writing beat ‘or in a variety of plotting symbols Thapa, artistic designs, Bellbutoan is used. Alikhthap of society apart – separated by different groups – different icons and art media is used. South Indian rangoli usually based on geometric shapes while at the north of the auspicious sign.

Key elements of Rangoli

Rangoli India belong to any province, the folk art, so its elements are taken from the public are common. Rangoli is the most important element Utswdhermita. For this auspicious symbols are selected. Thus the symbol for generations as they are made – and is required to make these symbols. Traditionally new generation learns the art and thus our – my family keeps the tradition intact. Rangoli major symbols of a lotus flower, its leaves, mango, Tue vase, fish, different kind birds, parrot, swan, peacock, human figures and foliage are found in almost all India’s Rangolioan. Rangolioan to be made on special occasions also undermines some special shapes such as Diwali Rangoli in the Deep, Ganesha or Lakshmi. The second key element is using rangoli incoming material. The same material is used which is easily found everywhere. Therefore this art rich – poor is prevalent in all homes. Normally the major ingredients used to make rangoli – Pise rice solution, dried powder made from the leaves color, charcoal, burned soil was, wood sawdust, etc.. Rangoli is the third important element background. Rangoli for the background was clear floor or wall or Llype is used. Rangoli yard in the middle, corners, or as Bell is created around. Dehri gateway on the tradition of making rangoli. God’s seat, depending on lamp, place of worship and sacrifice on the altar is the tradition of decorating rangoli. With time, imagination and innovative ideas in Rangoli art is also incorporated. Hospitality and tourism has also had its effect and it has been commercially developed. The colors also convenient because it places such as hotels is being built on its traditional charm, artistry and importance are still remain.

Colors of Rangoli

Rangoli is a very popular color work in India. Rangoli is usually made by Indian woman in front of their door or gate. In Rangoli, we can use many unique colors to make Rangoli very attractive and colorful. The basic color of Rangoli is white. White color is called ‘Chirodi’. Chirodi have been mixed properly with other colors to get the colors many different shades.

Creation of Rangoli

Rangoli is made in two ways. Dry and wet. Both a generous and is created by adding other points. The rangoli made by adding points to the first white paint on the ground in a particular size are made certain point then shaking the points is a beautiful figure takes shape. After creating the desired shape, there are full color. Freehand rangoli image is created directly on the ground. Traditional Mmandn make ocher and gray is used vertically. Rangoli rangoli colors to meet the market diversify the color can be made. Rangoli making trouble for those wanting the freedom to decorate your home Dehri ‘Redimad rangoli’ sticker found in the market, which desired pasting location for Rangoli patterns can be created. In addition, the market has emerged as plastic shapes but also get points, which put him on the floor putting up paint beautiful shape emerging from the ground comes. Rangoli is the practice of making these items can be used. See some of which cast the flour or colored powder that can be filled. There are small holes per sample. Slightly off the floor as they collide at certain locations Zrta colors and beautiful piece becomes manifest. Using plastic to make rangoli are also Stencils. wet Rangoli rice water mixed up in it Peiskara crafted. The solution to the ऐपण, ऐपन or Pithaar called. Use this colorful turmeric is also used to make. In addition to the market to meet colorful rangoli posters, crayons, fabric and are made from acrylic colors.

Rangoli with marble and stone pieces at a competition in Rose festival in Chandigarh.

A newer trend of making rangoli involves using cement colors with marble powder. This is a rather precise method but requires some previous training. Beautiful portraits can be drawn using this method.

Faith and beliefs

In Tamil Nadu it is a prevalent myth, that Andaal worshipped Lord Thirumal and was married in the month of Markazhi. So during this month, unmarried girls got up before dawn to welcome God Thirumal rangoli are Sszati. Rangoli on mythology are prevalent in many stories. The first Indian treatise on painting ‘pictures symptoms “refers to a legend comes, she follows – the son of a king, priest died. Brahma said to the king that he built on land given sketches of the boy so he could be put to life. Some lines on the floor Akieanchian king, from here or rangoli Alpana was introduced. In this context is another story that Brahma created the craze for the common juice by removing trees that formed the shape of a woman on the floor. Monster was going to beat the beauty of woman, the woman later Urvashi Kaahalai. The shape of rangoli Akieanchian by Brahma was the first form. See also references on Rangoli legendary, such as – Ramayana in Sita ‘s wedding pavilion where the discussion refers to rangoli there too. Cultural development in the south of Rangoli originated in the era of the Chola rulers. Behind the use of rice flour to feed the perception that the ant should. Here it is considered that the columns of the shed to get food to animals other creatures protecting the natural cycle. Rangoli is not removed from the sweep or legs but they mixed with water fountains or mud is removed from the hands . Mithilaanchal no such festival – festival or (Upanan – someone like marriage) ceremony in the courtyard walls and painting the house is not done. Separately for each occasion of ढँग “Aripan” which made different – different spiritual meaning. On the occasion of marriage, groom – bride’s cell wall targets “Kaohaber” and “Naina Jogin” such as pictures, which are actually based system, is the pattern of the specifics of painting.

 

 

(source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rangoli)

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